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Tagbanua Wedding Ritual
Transcript of Tagbanua Wedding Ritual
Marriage. It is one of the key traditions to the Tagbanua People of The Palawan Island.
"Spouse Stealing" or Adultery is not welcomed in the Tagbanua culture, but there are some exceptions. For Instance, A married man and a married woman have an affair isn't considered "Pang-agaw".
Marriage in the Tagbanua Tribe is a lengthy and complicated process. But now a days, like the other idigenous groups, they have adapted the 'Christianized Wedding'. This tradition is very colorful and important, we have to know this on order for us to understand their way of life.
After marriage, the newly weds would live in the house of the wife's parents or in a newly built house near the wife's parents.
They very conscious of bearing children. Usually they would marriage as a way of having off-springs.
Marriage is a big deal for the Tagbanuas. In the former days, it was usually arranged parents though a contract called "dayday" a legal contract between parents which were made before hereditary leaders who acted as witnesses. Not only do two become as one but it also bring thier families together.
Tagbanuas are in favor of monogamy. But in some cases, the husband can have more than one wife. As long as the first wife will give her consent. In the matter that the marriage of the husband and the first wife doesn't work out, the wife will have a bigger compensation.
The Dayday is usually arranged when their children are still young. The parents of the Boy will give a Pandangat, which is loosely translated into gift , and will be the symbol of a formal contract.
The Children will continue to live their lives until they are of marriageable age. The parents of the boy will pay the "Bride Fee". If for example the boy will break the contract in any means possible other than dying, the parents of the boy will have to pay the parents of the girl a "bagay" Php 15 fine. If the girl will break the contract , her parents will have to pay a "bagay" Php 30 fine.
Though the parents now have no control over their children's marriages. Now a days, teenagers get married because of unexpected pregnancy.
The Legal Consequences of "Spouse Stealing
An Unmarried Man and a Married woman
The man will pay the ex-husband a divorce fine of Php 30 or three time the amount of the "Bride Fee". The man also pays a new "Bride Fee" to the woman's parents
A married man and an unmarried woman
If the first wife will agree to a polygonous marriage, the husband will pay a "Kapaduwayan" a Php 5 fee, considering the parents agree to it as well.
A married man and a married woman
The man will pay a divorce fine to the ex-husband and if the first wife does not agree to a polygonus marriage, he will pay her a divorce fine. And if the first wife agrees, he will pay a Kapaduwayan and as well as a new "bride fee".
Tagbanua Religion and society, p. 56-79
Ang tribong Tagbanua