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Feasibility of Charcoal and Used Engine Oil as Alternative W

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Venise Cruz

on 4 July 2014

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Transcript of Feasibility of Charcoal and Used Engine Oil as Alternative W

Feasibility of Charcoal and Used Engine Oil as Alternative Whiteboard Marker Ink
ABSTRACT
This study was conducted in order to determine the feasibility of charcoal and used engine oil as an alternative raw material for whiteboard marker ink production.
The methods used in this study involve the pulverization of charcoal, which served as the main pigment source, and the filtration of the used engine oil that served as the vehicle of the ink. Also, an oil-miscible solvent was added to the ink solution to reduce its viscosity.
Different formulations were determine and experimented by mixing all ingredients such as charcoal, used engine oil and the oil-miscible solvent. The different prepared ink formulations were tested on a whiteboard using empty whiteboard cartridges.
Formulation 3 (F3), which is 2 ml charcoal, 10 ml used engine oil, and 1.5 ml oil –miscible solvent was the best formulation because it yields the best result on all the identified criteria which includes continuity, color, odor, solubility, eras ability, texture and over-all acceptability as writing ink.

Statement of the Problem
Being resourceful is very important to subdue the economic crisis we’re facing as of today. Now, our school is not anymore using green boards and chalks, instead we have the whiteboard or glass boards, the researchers sought to answer this problem:


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Is it possible to create an alternative whiteboard marker ink if charcoal and used engine oil was used?


Statement of the Problem
Being resourceful is very important to subdue the economic crisis we’re facing as of today. Now, our school is not anymore using green boards and chalks, instead we have the whiteboard or glass boards, the researchers sought to answer this problem:


Is it possible to create an alternative whiteboard marker ink if charcoal and used engine oil was used?
Background of the Study
Demands for whiteboard markers have risen ever since schools replaced their blackboards and chalks to whiteboard a whiteboard markers which are easy to use and erase. Sometimes, students are required to bring their own whiteboard markers that are why the researchers chose this project in order to find an alternative way to produce whiteboard markers since commercialized whiteboard markers are expensive. The researchers also aim to help students acquire a less expensive whiteboard marker ink that could make a difference in their expenses for their school supplies.
Most of the students don’t have a whiteboard marker because they say that it’s too expensive. As a student researcher, we have researched about the materials that can be an alternative to produce a whiteboard marker ink. We found out that charcoal and used engine oil can be alternative materials to make a whiteboard marker ink. Charcoal being the pigment contains the chemical that can make our study possible enough. Whiteboard marker or dry-erase marker uses an erasable ink, made to be used on a slick, non-porous writing surface, for temporary writing, whiteboards.
Hypothesis
Objectives
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