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Transcript of Colombia
Colombia, as most countries in South America were, was once inhabited by native peoples, some of which were the Chibcha, sub-Andean, and Caribbean peoples. Their population was largely impacted upon the Europeans’ arrivals due to diseases and such. Now, only one percent of the Colombian population is native.
Colombia has traditions that have been around for quite a while. Their culture is hugely influenced by the diversity of the population living there, as well as the influence of Spain.
Cartagena Population Total: 45,239,079 8.262 million In Colombia, the different groups that make up the population include
Mestizo 58%, White 20%, Mulatto 14%, Black 4%, Mixed black-Amerindian 3%, Amerindian 1% 90% of the population are Roman Catholic. 75% of the population are urbanized. 90% are literate. Only 6% of the population are sixty-five and over. The majority are 16-60. Food Since Colombia is based upon farming/fishing economies and located on the western edge of South America, the food is primarily meat-based, specifically among seafood such as fish, lobsters, and oysters. Breakfast Consists of fruit juice, coffee or hot chocolate, fruit, eggs and bread Geography 5 Main Regions Andes Mountain Range Pacific Ocean Region Caribbean Coastal Region Llanos Plains Amazon Rainforest The Andes Mountains are high and the coastal areas and plains are flat.
Colombia's highest mountain is Pico Cristobal Colon at 5 775 ft. Climate The total area of Colombia (land and water) is
1 138 910 square kilometers History Culture Places of interest Colombia Bibliography It wasn't until the 1500s that the Europeans discovered South America. The first Spanish settlement was in a place currently known as Santa Marta, which was founded in 1525. The country wasn't freed from the rule of Spain until 1819. At that time though, what we now call Colombia consisted of panama as well. It was in 1886 that the country became known as The Republic of Colombia. Music Dance Clothing Even though most people now wear western style clothes in Colombia, during festivals and such women wear a traditional dress called La Pollera Colora. Some other traditional clothes are the Ruana, a garment resembling a poncho, and Sombrero Vueltiao, a hat originally worn by peasants. Bogota Tayrona national park Among some of the sites tourists prefer to visit are: The capital of Colombia: Traditional Colombian music can be divided into four zones: the Atlantic, Pacific, Andean, and Eastern plains. There are numerous traditional dances in Colombia, including:
CUMBIA - danced only by women
VALLENATO - danced by couples
EL TORBELLINO - has strong indigenous ancestry
YONNA - in this particular dance, the women follows the man while dancing Lunch In the countryside, lunch is the main meal for Colombians. Eaten at noon, it consists of a soup, a main dish, a drink and sometimes a dessert which is generally very sweet Dinner Served around seven and eight pm, dinner is usually a snack compared to the large lunch. Common Dishes Ajiaco This is a mixture of chicken, potatoes, corn, sour cream, capers, avocado, and guasca, a special herb grown in the Americas. Arroz con Coco Coconut rice pudding Mazamorra de Maiz This dessert is eaten in most Latin American countries. In Colombia, it is cooked from white corn sweetened with sugar cane and milk. Natilla Custard-like pudding of sweet maizena or cornstarch Snacks Postre de Natas Banana chips Pan de Yuca Torticas de Chocolo Delicacies Chunchullo Stuffed and fried poultry or cow intestines. Charapa Freshwater tortoise Homiga Culona Roasted ants Fried Guinea Pig https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/co.html
http://www.colombia-sa.com/musica/musica-in.html Language Verbal The official language of Colombia is Spanish and spoken by around 43 million people.
In addition there are approximately 500,000 speakers of American Indian languages. More than 60 Aboriginal languages exist in Colombia Bora
San Andrés-Providencia CreoleTicuna
Uw CuwaWayuu Influences Around the more coastal regions of Colombia, Carribean Spanish is commonly spoken. Traditional Spanish is present in the bigger cities. Non Verbal While shaking hands in Colombia, use the appropriate greeting for the time of day: "buenos dias" (good day), "buenas tardes" (good afternoon), or "buenas noches" (good evening/night). Women often grasp forearms rather than shaking hands Men shake hands with direct eye contact When meeting someone, it is tradition to shake hands, though women should make the first move in doing so.
Eye contact is essential in Colombia and is viewed positively. People that are used to speaking directly and openly
must tame their communication style, as it could cause offense. Although they can be indirect, Colombians can also become very animated. This should not be mistaken for aggression. It is not polite or custom to expose other people's mistakes publicly. This could cause a decline in your relationships with other Colombians. ruana sombrero vueltiao la pollera colora It's usually tropical weather along the coastal areas and Eastern Plains. The Highlands have cooler weather. In Bogota, the temperature is usually around 30 degrees Celsius.
The humidity is 77%-84%. Colombia shares its borders with Venezuela, Panama, Ecuador, Peru, and Brazil. Some geographical features in the Colombian area are The Seranilla Bank, Serana Bank, Roncador Cay, and Isla de Mapelo. Interesting facts 1. The representative animal of Colombia is the Majestic Andean Condor. 2. Colombia is the second exporter in the world for flowers. 3. Colombians use the currency of Colombian pesos. 4. Colombia produces 60% of the world's precious emeralds. 5. Honda, in the Tolima state, is known as the The City of Bridges. 6. About 3000 of the 14000 known butterfly species can be found in Colombia. 7. Bogota's airport is the largest and most expensive airport in Latin America. 8. The Colombian flag has the colours yellow, blue, and red. The yellow represents gold, the blue represents the ocean, and the red represents the lost blood of those who fought for Colombian independence. 9. 12% of the world's coffee is produced in Colombia. 10. The main river is Magdalena. A national park in the Colombian northern Caribbean region. A large Caribbean beach resort city The most popular style of music in the Atlantic called the Cumbia is a mix of spanish and african music. It's often accompanied by an instrument called Guacharaca. Bambuco is the most popular Colombian music and dance found in the Andean zone. It is played with stringed instruments such as the guitar. Los Llanos - musica llanera is the music of the eastern plains. It is accompanied by a harp, a cuatro(a four stringed instrument), and maracas.