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World War 2: The Pacific vs European Theater
Transcript of World War 2: The Pacific vs European Theater
USMC doesn't receive as much recognition for
their struggles against Japan than Army did against
Nazi Germany. "As far as the story of the Second World War goes, there's two very different perspectives, the European Theater had a different DNA to it, than the war in the Pacific did."
-Tom Hanks "It is my earnest hope, and indeed the hope of all mankind, that from this solemn occasion a better world shall emerge out of the blood and carnage of the past." -General McArthur Challenges Marines Faced: Fanatical Enemy: Japanese The Jungles Diseases The Geography of the Islands Fanatical Enemy: Japanese -Bushido: Death before dishonor -Didn't respect surrender -They fought to the death 3:00 5:40 | | The Jungle Diseases The Geography of the Islands Higher Casualties -Extreme weather conditions -Heavy rains -Muddy roads -Animals: Snakes, Alligators, etc. Guadalcanal Cape Glouster Cape Glouster Lieutenant General Lewis Burwell "Chesty" Puller was a retired general officer of the United States Marine Corps. Lt. Gen. Puller is one of the most, if not the most, decorated combat Marine in Marine Corps history. -Coral Reef: major problem when LVTs land -The Mud: tanks stuck on Okinawa -Temp. up to 115 -In some cases, volcanic ash, such as those found on Iwo Jima from Mount Suribachi Whereas Army only had to deal with... -Sahara Desert in Africa: Kasserine Pass -Dropping temp. at Bastogne: Battle of the Bulge -No Jungle, more urban and suburban battlefields: cities, towns, lots of buildings Sicily Aachen, Germany navy corpsman treating sick marine Many troops had to suffer casualties by inflicted malaria even in World War II. Gen. Douglas MacArthur's predicament in May 1943 is very clear: "This will be a long war if for every division I have facing the enemy I must count on a second division in hospital with malaria and a third division convalescing from this debilitating disease!" It appears that the general was not at all worried about defeating the Japanese, but was greatly concerned about the failure to defeat the Anopheles mosquito! 60,000 U.S. troops died in Africa and the South Pacific from malaria. U.S. Forces could succeed only after organising a successful attack on malaria. Nazi Germany: Formidable Opponent By persuasion and deception (among other tactics,) Hitler was able to dominate most of Europe (and parts of Africa,) cause immense genocide, and make his own people promote him and his totalitarian views. Adolf Hitler -Well trained military -Better weapons and tactics German with Stg44, first assault rifle Surrender? However, it is quite apparent that the Germans made many more, and many more willing, surrenders. While the Germans did fight with an iron fist, when it was obvious that they could not win, they would give up and surrender. When.. instead of surrendering: -Kamikaze: pilots suicide crash on American fleet -Wounded Japs would kill Navy Corpsmen(medics) with grenade Casualties USMC Killed in Action: Wounded in Action: 24, 511 US Army Killed in Action: Wounded in Action: 68, 207 159, 137 282, 930 6,000 1,500 Statistics By: Aldair Serrano Killed in Action: Wounded in Action: -Statistics show that Army suffered more casualties than United States Marines For example: USMC battle of Iwo Jima Operation Overlord: D-Day Killed in Action: Wounded in Action: 20,838 94,881 US Army faced higher casualties to retake France Conclusion -Ultimately I believe USMC suffered through more challenges throughout the war -Japanese developed complex cave systems that islands offered For instance... Victory in Europe: 7 May 1945 Victory in Japan: August 14, 1945 Literally took... 2 nuclear bombs to make Japanese surrender