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Sexual Orientation

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Kiffany Kelly

on 6 October 2014

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Transcript of Sexual Orientation

Sexual Orientation
What is sexual orientation?

- The American Psychological Association (APA) defines it as an "enduring pattern of emotional, romantic, and/or sexual attractions to men, women, or both sexes."
Biological Problem?
1973 the American Psychiatric Association classified it as a mental illness
Dean Hamer
-DNA marker (Xq28)
Same hormonal levels as Heterosexuals
Environmental influenced?
Mental Illness?
Stage 1
: The realization that they are sexually attracted to same-sex individuals
Stage 2
: Exploration and experimentation as they determine whether they are LGBTQ
Stage 3
: They identify themselves with a label
Stage 4
: When they feel comfortable with their sexual identity, they come out to others

Coming out and claiming one's sexual identity is a critical step in developing a positive identity.
What Does LGBTQ
Stand For?
Self-Identity Steps
Race, Ethnicity, and Religion
Some religious groups have identified homosexuality as a sin or disease.
Activists try to push people into attending programs to try and make them "normal" again.
When heterosexism exists, intolerance and exclusion of LQBTQ members happens.
Multiracial, African American, and Asian LGBTQ students are more likely to be harassed.
School Climate
LGBT students face violence,bias, and harassment in schools
Students feel unsafe and sometimes don't go to school
-15% of teachers intervene when students make homophobic remarks
Students perceived to be gay are also targets
LGBTQ Early Years
Age and self identification
LGBT in the schools and how it corresponds with academic performance
Crucial for teachers to be supportive
1. What is Transgender?
a. a person who cross-dresses
b. a person having a psychological sense of being the gender that doesn't match their gene sex
c. a person who surgically alters one's sex to match their gender identity
d. all the above
2. Which group is more likely to feel unsafe because of their race or ethnicity?
a. Multiracial Individuals
b. African Americans
c. Asian/Pacific Islanders
d. All the above
4. What DNA marker did Dean Hamer find?
a. Xq28
b. Yx22
c. Xx28
d. None
3. What percentage of teachers interven when students make homophobic remarks toward other students?
a. 35%
b. 80%
c. 15%
d. 95%
Our sense of sexuality or sexual orientation identity is based on:
Sexual attractions
Related behaviors
Connection with others with the same orientation

Full transcript