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Ancient Egypt and Kush

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by

Susan Cooper

on 20 November 2017

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Transcript of Ancient Egypt and Kush

Ancient Egypt and Kush
What do you think is happening in this picture?
Geography and Ancient Egypt
Geography played a key role in the development of Egyptian civilization
Topography

Key Terms and People
Topography
Vegetation
Pharaoh
Dynasty
Nile River
Egypt
Kush
Mediterranean Sea
Canaan
Jordan River

The nile rushed through rocky, hilly land
The
Nile created fertile

land
, flowing in East Africa from the South to the North, it
empties into the Mediterranean Sea
Human Settlement along the Nile
Nile River Valley
was
surrounded by
the
Libyan and Nubian Deserts
, providing important natural barriers
To the north was the
Mediterranean sea
offered another
natural barrier
fish

and
other kinds of
food
Every year Egyptians
eagerly
waited for the Nile to flood
The Nile helped farmers grow
wheat, barley, fruits, and vegetables , cattle and sheep were raised
Nile Valley provided
natural irrigation and fertilization
every summer
the
river overflowed
when water levels decreased, a thin layer of
SILT was left behind
, making the ground perfect for farming
wildlife included fish, ducks, geese, hippos, crocodiles, giraffes, and ostriches
Besides food, the
Nile
also provided
natural barriers, making Egypt hard to invade
Kings Unify Egypt
The king of lower Egypt ruled from Pe
wore a
red
crown to symbolize his authority
Nekhen was the capital of Upper Egypt, king wore a cone-shaped
white
crown
Vegetation
reeds and papyrus
Water
Most important environmental factor in early human settlement
Rivers, lakes, inland seas
Source of
food
Bathing
Crops
Transportation
Shape and elevation of land
Mountains-(con)hard to cross hills. What is a pro?
River valleys: great for growing crops

Plains-farmers needed flat, open land
Deserts-hot, dry. Sandstorms
Vegetation

many kinds
Trees, bushes, flowers, grass, reeds
Plants were a food source
: wild plants and crops
People made
products
like
baskets, tools, medicines, rope, and paper
Full transcript