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Transcript of Desiderius Erasmus
Desiderius was a humanist in the renaissance who, despite being a humanist, believed that the Churches teachings about how people should live their lives was wrong. Despite this, he was still a proponent of religious tolerance.
Desiderius' life (early)
Desiderius Erasmus was born in Holland on October 27th in the late 1460s, with the name Gerard Gerards. While most biographers say he was born in 1467, there are many statements he made himself indicating that he was born in 1466, with only one statement he made indicating otherwise. He was given the name Erasmus at his baptism, after saint Erasmus of Formiae. The name Desiderius is an additional name he adopted himself, in 1496. His parents weren’t legally married, and his father was a catholic priest, but Erasmus was still cared for by his parents, despite being born out of wedlock. He was given the best education that was possible for a child in his time, receiving education at one of the best Latin schools in the Netherlands, in Deventer, until the city was struck by the plague in 1483, killing his parents.
Desiderius' life (later)
Around the age of 25, Erasmus was ordained as a catholic priest. Shortly after his ordination he was offered a position as secretary to the bishop of Cambrai. So he could accept the position, he was temporarily exempted from his religious vows, although he remained a priest. He was later permanently exempted from his vows by Pope Leo X. In 1495 Erasmus went to study at the University of Paris. In 1499, in England, Erasmus took an interest in the writings of John Colet, which prompted him to master the Greek language, so he could study theology on a more profound level. He was later given the option of becoming an English professor in Cambridge, at Queens College, where he stayed from 1510 to 1515. Erasmus preferred the life of an independent scholar, and avoided all ties that might inhibit his freedom of literary expression or knowledge. In 1563, while he was visiting Basel, from a sudden attack of dysentery.
Desiderius' famous philosophies
One of the fields Desiderius studied was free will where in his book "De libero arbitrio diatribe sive collatio" he examines both sides of the argument and comes up with the "Diatribe" this was his argument he made to the Lutherans about free will. People believed this idea started tragedies like the "German Peasants War" and the Anababtist which was a protestant movement.
Erasmus spoke on religious tolerance as well and he believed the common evil of man is formalism, going through the same tradition or things and not understanding in modern times it would be equivalent to learning from ones mistakes.
In 1495 Bishop Henry consented Erasmus to study at the University of Paris at that time was the main point of scholastic education Desiderius Erasmus became close friends with many famous scholars like Publio Fausto Andrelini. Erasmus did his research in famous places such as Paris, Leuven, England, Basel but did not belong in any of those places. While he was in England he became a professor at the University of Cambridge where he made friends with King Henry the 8th, John Colet, Thomas More, John Fisher, Thomas Linacre and William Grocyn who were all very important figures at this time. Erasmus had many famous publications that can be found in the Queens University library but his biggest publication was the translation of the new testament of the bible in Greek. His other publications were titles like:A Playne and Godly Exposition or Declaration of the Commune Crede, De libero arbitrio diatribe sive collatio ( Of free will: Discourses or Comparisons) and Handbook of a Christian Knight including these there are 14 publications known of so far.
While living in poverty Erasmus still
managed to learn Greek in the span
of three years with intense day in day
out studying. in 1506 he graduated
as the "Doctor of Divinity" at the
Cool facts: Desiderius accounted for 10-20 percent of all book sales, he came up with the phrase "Pandora's box" when he miss translated box with storage jar in his writings storage jar: pithos box: pyxis
Desiderius wrote an instructional book called
the "Education of the Christian Prince" it was a renaissance guide to be a good price and was dedicated to the "Holy Roman
Emperor Charles the 5th"
A Playne and Godly Exposition or Declaration of the Commune Crede: in this publication Erasmus
talks about the apostles creed from the roman
catholic point of view with dialog from a master
and disciple throughout the book.
The Education of a Christian Prince: Erasmus
teaches that educators should not be as strict and
have a more friendly approach to teaching and have unquestionable morals and ethics "Conduct your own rule as if you were striving to ensure that no successor could be your equal, but all the time prepare your children for their future reign as if to ensure that a better man would indeed succeed you."