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The Law

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Ms. Mc Caffrey

on 6 January 2017

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Transcript of The Law

The Law
Types of Law
Countries have to make sure there is order,safety, peace and justice for all its citizens. One reason for having laws is also to protect human rights.
The Court System
What is the Law?
The Children's Court
The court hears cases that involve children under the age of 16, except in murder cases.
They do not allow the puc or the media to sit in on these cases.
There is no jury in the children's court.
The District Court
This court hears civil cases, which are about issues such as debt collection, and family law, as well as criminal cases where the crime is not so serious, like traffic offences.

It also grants licenses to people selling alcohol and the lottery.

The judge can order people to pay a fine or send them to jail.
What is the difference between rules and the law
A Rule
It is a statement of how people should behave.

A law
It is a rule for a society. Everyone in the society must obey the law and there are punishments for those who break them.
There are two types of law
Civil Law
Criminal Law
Civil Law
Civil law deals with a person's relationships or disputes with other people or sometimes with groups of people.
It includes laws that relate to areas such as employment, the consumer and contracts. Civil law deals with things such as buying a house or divorce.
Criminal Law
Criminal law deals with a person's relationships with society and the state. It decides how to punish those who have committed a crime against others and who are thought to be dangerous to themselves, to others or to the community. Criminal law is a set of rules that regulate public behaviour.

Fines and imprisonment are the two most common types of punishment.
The Circuit Court
This court hears cases of civil law, family law and where a serious crime has been committed. There can be a jury in this court. There are eight circuit courts in Ireland.
The Central Criminal Court
This court hears the most serious of the criminal cases. It also has a judge and a jury. The judge decides on a suitable sentence if the person is found guilty.
The Court of Criminal Appeal
This is an appeal court where people can challenge a decision made against them in a criminal case.
Three judges sit in this court without a jury.Tmake sure the correct procedures have been taken in the lower courts and that there has been a fair trial.
The Special Criminal Court
This court hears cases that involve terrorists and gangland crime.Three judges are in charge, one from the High Court, one from the Circuit Court and one from the District Court.
The High Court
This court hears many different cases. It hears both civil and criminal cases. High court decisions are very important because they become case law, they can be used in similar cases to show how the law works.
The Supreme Court
This is the highest court in the land. It has five judnd no jury. It has the power to decide if decisions made by the government are in keeping with the Constitution. Decisions made by the Supreme Court also become case law. The lower courts must obey all decisions taken by the Supreme Court.
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