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Indian Immigrants to Singapore in early 19th century
Transcript of Indian Immigrants to Singapore in early 19th century
> The farmer's crops were failing and there was severe famines due to long droughts.
> Many indians were stationed in Singapore as British sepoy troops.
> Some indians came to Singapore to serve prison sentences. > There was a wide range of goods in Singapore.
> The goods were of good quality and rare.
> Singapore was in the middle of the main trade route between China and India and few people in Singapore were educated.
> There was a free port where people could trade freely.
> Singapore was safe and secure.
> They could earn a lot of money from selling opium and textiles. Origin of indian immigrants Punjab Pakistan Iran Sikh Sri Lanka Mandras Negapatam Bombay Gujerat Arabia Jobs they took Policemen Money lenders (Chettiars) Milkmen Watchmen Sepoy troops Transportation Traders Prisoners Where they lived Lived in Kampong Chulia at first (a.k.a little india) Lived in Serangoon Road after that Kept the streets in Singapore safe How did they contribute to Singapore? Took up many jobs. Attracted more foreign traders to Singapore. (Range of goods they brought). Took up jobs that low-educated people could not do Indians in Singapore 3. Middle class 4. Working class 2. Mercantile class Petty traders, moneylenders and other traditional business proprietors. They occupied a second-tier social rank as they were less well educated than the elite. Under 10% English-educated white collar workers, including middle/junior ranks in the civil and military services. Occupations included teachers, nurses, policemen, postal workers, clerks, etc. 5-7% Uneducated and unskilled manual labourers, or 'coolies'. They often worked at the port docks, in construction or in private warehouses or factories. Over 80% 1. Educated elite Generally university-educated professionals, such as lawyers and doctors This group was wealthy and led a somewhat 'European' lifestyle. Over 0.5% Thank You!