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Studium Punctum

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Paige Lidbury

on 20 February 2013

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Transcript of Studium Punctum

Studium Punctum ROLAND BARTHES Philosophy by Studium... Punctum Susan Sontag Examples Camera Lucida Barthes believes photography acts on the body as much as the mind; particular photographs can have a lasting emotional effect. “denoting the cultural, linguistic, and political interpretation of a photograph” “denoting the wounding, personally touching detail which establishes a direct relationship with the object or person within it” ELEMENT THAT CREATES INTEREST Shows photographer's intention Spectator experiences this intention in reverse "it is culturally that I participate in the figures, the faces, the gestures, the settings, the actions" BARTHES "that accident which pricks, bruises me." 'ELEMENT WHICH RISES FROM THE SCENE' "its mere presence changes my reading, that I am looking at a new photograph, marked in my eyes with a higher value." More powerful and compelling to the spectator Rare detail STUDIUM: "the monstrous heads, and pathetic profiles"
PUNCTUM: the large collar on the boy, and the bandage on the girls finger Two children from an institution in New Jersey, 1924. Studium Punctum Sally Mann Summary STUDIUM = 'Spectators' attraction to a photograph due to cultural background, language, interest, curiosity, political interpretation.'

PUNCTUM = 'A detail that catches the eye, jogs a memory, it establishes a direct relationship with the object or person in it.' Diane Arbus The punctum has the power of expansion, while remaining a detail... Sontag argues that, "Photographs are as much an interpretation of the world as paintings and drawings are." She says, "Through the camera people become customers or tourists of reality." She argues with Barthes who says, 'What is the content of the photographic message? What does the photograph transmit? By definition, the scene itself, the literal reality’ Sontag and Barthes have contrasting concepts regarding the reality within photographs. Sontag argues that people interpret photographs, and their studium/punctum, in different ways. Mary Ellen Mark "What I stubbornly see are the one boy's bad teeth. . ."
William Klein: Little Italy. New York, 1954 ...a part of the image that is not the intended focus but which nonetheless ‘impacts on’, ‘reverberates with’, ‘pierces’ or ‘wounds’ the viewer Eddie Adams’ photograph of the Vietcong prisoner’s execution 'The studium exemplifies the evils of war and the punctum reveals our flaws.' James Van Der Zee, Family Portrait 1926 Camera Lucida isn't so much a known application of semiotic methods of photography, instead, a book about love and grief.
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