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Transcript of Studium Punctum
PUNCTUM: the large collar on the boy, and the bandage on the girls finger Two children from an institution in New Jersey, 1924. Studium Punctum Sally Mann Summary STUDIUM = 'Spectators' attraction to a photograph due to cultural background, language, interest, curiosity, political interpretation.'
PUNCTUM = 'A detail that catches the eye, jogs a memory, it establishes a direct relationship with the object or person in it.' Diane Arbus The punctum has the power of expansion, while remaining a detail... Sontag argues that, "Photographs are as much an interpretation of the world as paintings and drawings are." She says, "Through the camera people become customers or tourists of reality." She argues with Barthes who says, 'What is the content of the photographic message? What does the photograph transmit? By definition, the scene itself, the literal reality’ Sontag and Barthes have contrasting concepts regarding the reality within photographs. Sontag argues that people interpret photographs, and their studium/punctum, in different ways. Mary Ellen Mark "What I stubbornly see are the one boy's bad teeth. . ."
William Klein: Little Italy. New York, 1954 ...a part of the image that is not the intended focus but which nonetheless ‘impacts on’, ‘reverberates with’, ‘pierces’ or ‘wounds’ the viewer Eddie Adams’ photograph of the Vietcong prisoner’s execution 'The studium exemplifies the evils of war and the punctum reveals our flaws.' James Van Der Zee, Family Portrait 1926 Camera Lucida isn't so much a known application of semiotic methods of photography, instead, a book about love and grief.