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Bone Cancer

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by

morgan mckenna

on 9 December 2012

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Transcript of Bone Cancer

Sources http://www.bonecancerprognosis.org
http://www.cancer.org
http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/factsheet/sites-types/bone Diagnosis Bone Cancer
(Osteosarcoma) -Xrays, Bone scan, CAT scan, MRI, PET scan
-Biopsy: needle sample done by orthopedic oncologist
-Blood tests: Determine the level of Alkaline Phosphatase (not reliable in kids) Treatment & Prevention -Surgery: removal of entire tumor with negative margins
-Chemotherapy: not for Chondrosarcoma
-Radiation Therapy: for Chondrosarcoma and ESFTs
-Cryosurgery: liquid nitrogen to freeze and kill cancer cells
-Amputation
-Myeloblative therapy: Stem Cells
-No known prevention Interesting Facts Survival Symptoms Most common symptom is pain, generally at night or with physical activity. A lump may be present in the area of pain. Bones may be weakened by the tumor, and may fracture or break easily. Fatigue, fever, chills, night sweats, and weight loss may occur but are not common. These symptoms may be present for weeks, months, or even years depending on size of tumor. By, Amber Saraceni &
Morgan McKenna Osteosarcoma: 60 – 70%

Ewing Sarcoma: 60 – 70%

Chondrosarcoma: 90%

Malignant fibroushistiocytoma (MFH): 35-65%

Fibrosarcoma: 90%

Chordoma : 50%

Leukemia: 40 %

Lymphoma: 41-49%

Multiple Myeloma: less than 15% 29 – 62 months left to live Primary bone cancer starts in the cells of the bone.

Secondary bone cancer. This is cancer while starts in another organ of your body but has spread to the bones. This cancer behaves like the original cancer that it spread from and not like bone cancer.

Bone cancer sometimes metastasizes, particularly to the lungs

Estimated new cases and deaths from cancer of the bones and joints in the United States in 2012:New cases: 2,890
Deaths: 1,410

There are no true preventions for bone cancer Who it affects Most people who are at risk for bone cancer are children, teens and young adults. Adults over 40 and who suffer from other bone disorders are also at risk. Causes No known causes. However, people who have received radiation therapy, people with an immediate relative who have had bone cancer, and children may be at higher risk. http://www.beltina.org/health-dictionary/bone-cancer-symptoms-prognosis-treatment-survival-rate-primary-metastatic.html http://tocancer.com/what-causes-bone-cancer
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