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K Lecture

A Lecture on answering and running critiques in policy debate.
by

Mike Maffie

on 28 June 2011

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Transcript of K Lecture

Critical arguments.... What are critical arguments...? are they a story....?

are they a disad...?

are they...nonsense? Who Makes critical arguments? The Affirmative...? The Negative...? Both....? Have you ever.... Argued about economic fairness?

Argued about social justice...?

What about if schools should have uniforms? All of these statements are critiques. In Debate...We always critique Sometimes we agree debate is about body count

Sometimes we agree debate is about morality

Sometimes we agree debate is about violence But...what if we disagree? Example: Going to college Critiques have three parts: Link
Impact
Alternative What about.... Affirmative - going to space challenges
the boundries of nation-states






Negative - the aff uses the USFG
this reinforces nation-states Example... Aff: We should explore space to gather
resources

Neg: Accumulating resources is dangerous Cap is bad! Affirmative - Going to space prevents a war








Negative - Going to spae causes a disadvantage - causes war War is bad Sometimes, the K may sound a little like.... So, let's start one piece at a time... The "Link" This is the relationship between the
aff and the dangerous idea

It is "proof" that the aff believes in
a dangerous idea. Example "policy" Links The plan is bipartisan (politics DA)

The plan spends money (Spending DA)

The plan hurts the US (Hegemony DA) It's the same with critiques Example critical links The plan endorses capitalism

The plan constructs a fake threat (asteroids?)

The plan endorses a colonial mindset Each critique has to have an IMPACT Why....is capitalism bad

Why is colonialism bad

Why is constructing threats bad? What if critiques ONLY had links and impacts? 1. Link - the plan tries to exploit space
for resources

2. Capitalism is causes wars over resources What would the aff say? Have you ever debated a "linear DA"? The affirmative will test the
UNIQUENESS of the disadvantage.... What if the negative..... "Fiated" away capitalism? What would the aff say? Big idea - no 2 critiques
are the same. and its all about the alternative Back up. What is an alternative? An alternative is what the judge endorses if they
vote negative. They come in many shapes and sizes. And are the MOST DANGEROUS part of a critique. Examples. What are some of the critiques on this years topic? Three big "flavors" of critiques 1. Colonliams/Capitalism critiques 11. Technology critiques 111. Security critiques. WHY do nations explore? For scientific discovery? For power? For knowledge? What does hisory indicate? Exploration usually results in the exportation of a way of life When people "explored" the new world
they conquered by book and by gun Exploration critiques will claim the aff sees their way of life
as correct, and therefore will try to change any "unknown" This critique will sound like.... a. Link - the affirmative view's space as a place for exporting
colonial values

b. the logic of colonialism results in the constant drive to
control and dominate - resulting in war

c. alternative. Some possible links... 1. Actions - Claims that the US must get to space for critical resources

2. Language - Charactizations of space as "unknown land"

3. Goals - "Big space" - or planet hopping Closely related is the Capitalism K This critique focuses on the drive to accumulate
resources or maintain growth. Example: Solar powered satellites endorse the idea of
harnessing resources in order to grow. Economy advantages endorse that maintain a system of
private property and economic growth is beneficial The big link: any plan that views space as a RESOURCE
is going to link to the capitalism critique. Next, Technology critiques.. These will focus on the MECHANISM the aff uses Examples: Solar powered Satellites, Heavy-Lift Vehicles, space lasers. Thesis: using technology will not solve problems because the problems
are caused by human actions. For example, pollution and resources exhaustion is caused by overconsumption.

The plan is just a band-aid - it will just delay the problem of resource exhaustion

Therefore we need to start with PEOPLE and not with technological fixes. This could also be said about conflict

Going to space will not stop the reasons for conflict
it will just export them to another stage.

Therefore, to stop conflict, we need to challenge the
way people relate to each other. You'll hear a lot about "Standing Reserves" and "disposable planets"

How do we think about the planet? How do we think about people? Finally, Threat Construction Big question: when is something a threat? What is evidence something is a threat? Example: Sixty-Five million years ago... Is this a "threat" - how important is it? Next question, why would someone invent a threat....? Thesis: During times of crisis - people will allow
dangerous government actions

Ex: Post 9/11 - internment in Gitmo, Iraq, PATRIOT Act So, the threat construction will sound like... a. Link - Asteriods (aliens),
etc are a constructed threat b. Impact This results in
militrization of space in order
to combat this constructed threat C. alternative - reject the aff's discourse Aff vs the K: The top 10. 1. Dont get blinded by the lights 11. Defend the house 111. STOP the Neg in the 2AC kritiks IV: Call in Reinforcements: The add-on V: Focus on the Alt VI: Slow Moving Targets Get Hit First VII: When In Doubt, Drop Some Impact Turns VIII: the 1nc c-x is CRITICAL IX: Move with them. x: The Judge Matters. ?Questions? Like all links - some are weak, some are strong Big idea: Critiques are about how we tell stories about the world.

What is "space" and who has the right to "own" it?

Is it a resource?
Can we conquer our problems with technology?
What does it mean to explore?
Full transcript