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Revolution!!!!!

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Priya Mukherjee

on 14 February 2014

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Transcript of Revolution!!!!!

Colonial Opposition
Taking Action
This act imposed several taxes on a multitude of things such as glass, paint, oil, lead, paper, and tea.
Townshend Act
Revolution on the Horizon
The Revolution

Mercantilism
Economic principle in which England established the colonies to provide raw materials and receive manufactured goods in return.
The Quartering Act
This act forced colonists to provide housing for the 10,000 British troops stationed in the New World.
Stamp Act Congress
This congress assembled in New York City to pass resolutions to unite the colonies and it was able to get 9 of the 13 colonies to work together harmoniously.
Non-Importation Agreements
Sons of Liberty
This was a group of protestors whose main focus was to attack stamp collectors in hopes of fighting against the British and their Stamp Act.
British Response
Declaratory Act
The Boston Massacre
The colonists were throwing snowballs at the British soldiers in Boston, and so a British general requested backup and that resulted in the Boston Massacre.
The Boston Tea Party
In response to the Tea Act, a group of "Sons" from The Sons of Liberty dressed up as Mohawk Indians and dumped cases of tea off a British Ship.
Stronger British Response
Intolerable Acts
A compilation of stronger acts: Boston Port Act, Massachusetts Government Act, Administration of Justice Act, The Quartering Acts.
Quebec Act
An act passed by the British Parliament that established a permanent government in Canada; it also granted Canadians freedom of religion and the French form of Civil Law.
Revolution in Progress
Virtual and Actual Representation
Colonists were primarily concerned with their lack of representation in the Parliament and therefore felt the excessive burden of paying English debt.
Sugar Act
The Sugar Act (1764) marked the end of colonial exclusion from British revenue-raising taxation
Stamp Act
The Stamp Act (1765) taxed colonists for newspapers, playing cards, leases, wills, and marriage licenses.
This was an agreement made by the colonies to place limitations on importing British goods.
This was an act passed by Parliament stating that they had the same right of taxing the colonies as they had with taxing Great Britain.
Committees of Correspondence
These were Patriot groups throughout the colonies that used the power of writing to convey messages and coordinate protests against the British.
Second Continental Congress
This was a group of men who were responsible of drafting the Declaration of Independence.
Common Sense
This pamphlet, written by Thomas Paine, challenged the formerly accepted view on the relationship between the colonies and Britain by emphasizing that it was necessary to establish a republic instead of remaining under the power of a king.
Valley Forge
This was a turning point of the Revolutionary War where George Washington and his troops camped through a harsh winter while training for the upcoming battles.
Treaty of Paris
This was a written document which officially ended the Revolutionary War between the Colonies and Great Britain.
Important Battles
Lexington and Concord
It was the first war of the Revolutionary War which started off by “the shot heard around the world” which no one knows who made.
Battle of Bunker Hill
Colonists seized Bunker Hill (Breed's Hill) in which Americans slaughtered the redcoats but were forced to retreat from the hill due to low ammunition.
Trenton
Saratoga
British General Burgoyne surrendered at Saratoga on Oct. 17, 1777 and this helped bring France into the Revolutionary War as an ally of the United States.
Yorktown
Last major battle of the Revolutionary War in which Colonial troops under Washington surrounded British troops under Charles Cornwallis at the Chesapeake Bay.
Famous People
Paul Revere
Paul Revere alerted the colonists that the British were coming before Lexington and Concord with his famous midnight horse ride.
Patrick Henry
A leader from Virginia whose role in the Revolutionary War was primarily to advocate independence of the colonies in the Second Continental Congress.
Baron Von Stuben
Prussian drill instructor who trained colonial soldiers at Valley Forge to increase their morale and skills for the upcoming battles
Richard Henry Lee
A congressman from Virginia that stated “These United States are, and or right ought to be, free and independent states”
George Washington
During the revolution, he consistently exerted strong leadership and quickly earned the role of commander-in-chief of the American army
General Charles (Lord) Cornwallis
He led the British army through victories during the early battles of the Revolutionary War, but later was forced to surrender at the battle of Yorktown.
George Washington crossed the Delaware River to conduct a surprise attack on the Hessian troops at Trenton while they were sleeping and his victory uplifted soldier morale.
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