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Miss America

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Grace Carlson

on 24 March 2015

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Transcript of Miss America

Essential Question:
How does the Miss America pageant reflect changing American values?


AMERICA
The materials included in this presentation:
are included under the fair use exemption of the United States Copyright Law
are prepared according to the educational multimedia fair use guidelines
are restricted from further use

Key Terms:
Pageant:
a mere show; a showy display.
Value:
something (as a principle or quality) having or held to have real worth or merit.

Sub Essential Question 1:
How was the American culture of the 1950s shown in the decade's Miss America pageant?

Miss America History
1921
Miss America pageant begins in Atlantic City, New Jersey
1928
1930
Miss America is revived by southern newspapers, but Atlantic City refuses to host the pageant
1933
Atlantic City hosts the pageant again, but at a much smaller scale than the previous decade
1941
Rules amended so contestants can only compete once. After World War II begins, Miss America travels the nation and sells war bonds.
1945
$5,000 Scholarship introduced
1954
Miss America is broadcast live on television
Bess Myerson
Evelyn Ay
Rosemary LePlanche
Marian Bergeron
Margaret Gorman
1966
First color broadcast of Miss America
Deborah Bryant
1968
Feminists stage protests of Miss America pageant
1970
First African American competes in pageant
1984
First African American queen. She resigns due to "questionable photographs" half way through her reign.
Vanessa Williams
1990
First Miss America with an official platform: "Motivating Youth to Excellence."
Debbye Turner
2014
First Indian-American Miss America is crowned
Nina Davuluri
"Miss America History." Miss America.org. Miss America Organization, n.d. Web. 1 Nov. 2013.
"Value." Webster's New Explorer College Dictionary. Springfield: Merriam Webster, 2007. Print.
"Pageant." Webster's New Explorer College Dictionary. Springfield: Merriam Webster, 2007. Print.
Simmel, Edward. 1950 Family Date, Dinner in a 1950's Home. Youtube.com. YouTube, 8 Dec. 2007. Web. 13 Nov. 2013.
Parks, Bert. There She Is Miss America - Bert Parks. Youtube.com. YouTube, 5 Oct. 2012. Web. 5 Nov. 2013.
Cold War
Families
MRS Degree

Bradley, Becky. "American Cultural History 1950-1959." Kclibrary.lonestar.edu. Lone Star College-Kingwood Library, n.d. Web. 5 Nov. 2013.
"People & Events: Mrs. America: Women's Roles in the 1950s." Pbs.org. Ed. Tim De Chant. Public Broadcasting Service, n.d. Web. 1 Nov. 2013.
1948 pageant contract:
1. Contestant must be resident of city, state, or territory in which local contest is held for six months prior to contest. This rule is only waived for contestants whose residence is out of the city or state, but who is a college or university student in city or state where contests is held and at time contest is held. She may not compete in more than one Official Preliminary Contest each year.

2. Contestant must be single and never have been married, divorced, or had marriage annulled.

3. Contestant must be high school graduate or a senior attending high school at time of contest.

4. Contestant's age on September 1, 1948 shall be not less than eighteen, and more than twenty-eight years.

5. Contestant must be of good character and possess poise, personality, intelligence, charm, and beauty of face and figure.

6. Contestant must possess and display in a three minute routine TALENT. This talent may be singing, dancing, playing a musical instrument, dramatic reading, or she may give a three minute talk...

7. Contestant must be in good health and of the white race.

8. Contestant may be either amateur or professional.

The Miss America Pageant agrees to accept our candidate in their National Finals in Atlantic City, September 6th of 1948, and to furnish hotel accommodations and meals for her during the week...


"Primary Sources: 1948 Pageant Contract." Pbs.org. Ed. Tim De Chant. Public Broadcasting System, n.d. Web. 4 Nov. 2013.
Miss America is canceled because officials thought the pageant would give the city a "bad name"
Miss America of the 1950s
Wholesome
White
America's ideal

Scholarships
Every state titleholder $1,000
$250,000 in 1959

"Miss America History." Miss America.org. Miss America Organization, n.d. Web. 1 Nov. 2013.
Sub Essential Question 2:
How was the American culture of the 1960s and 1970s shown in the Miss America pageant?

There She Is, Miss America
Grace Carlson
Methods 2A
Vietnam War
Baby boomers enter college
Civil Rights Movement
Feminism

Gillis, Charles. "American Cultural History 1970-1979." Kclibrary.lonestar.edu. Lone Star College-Kingwood Library, n.d. Web. 13 Nov. 2013.
Goodwin, Susan. "American Cultural History 1960-1969." Kclibrary.lonestar.edu. Lone Star College-Kingwood Library, n.d. Web. 13 Nov. 2013.
"Pageant History-1950s." Pageant Center.com. Pageant Center, n.d. Web. 1 Nov. 2013.
1968 Protests
Women's Liberation Movement
Free all women from oppression
Media took feminism more seriously
Hanisch, Carol. "Feminist Document: Critique of the 1968 Miss America Protest." CarolHanisch.org. Ed. Carol Hanisch. Carol Hanisch, n.d. Web. 7 Nov. 2013.
Women Picket on the Atlantic City Boardwalk. 1971. Wide World Photos from the Liberated Woman's Songbook. Redstockings.org. Web. 7 Nov. 2013.
"People & Events: The 1968 Protest." Pbs.org. Ed. Tim De Chant. Public Broadcasting System, n.d. Web. 14 Nov. 2013.
Race at the pageant
First Jewish Miss America
1945
Rule number 7
Miss Black America
First African American contestant
1970
"People & Events: Breaking the Color Line at the Pageant." Pbs.org. Ed. Tim De Chant. Public Broadcasting System, n.d. Web. 4 Nov. 2013.
Changes to Miss America
Americans questioned relevancy
Even as viewership increased
Education and "professional goals"
Rule number 7
$2 million in scholarships
"Miss America History." Miss America.org. Miss America Organization, n.d. Web. 1 Nov. 2013.
Cheryl Browne
1985
First Miss America not born on American soil is crowned
Sharlene Wells
Sub essential Question 3:
How is the American culture of today reflected in the Miss America pageant?

1990s
Introduction of platforms
"Year of Service"
$200 Million since 1945 (in 2000)
Platforms:
Drawn from contestant's lives
Nutrition
Diversity
Show what is important to young women today
"Former Miss Americas say that the crown becomes a microphone for them to express ideas about which they feel strongly."
Lynam, Laura. "Re: Pageant Project." Message to the author. 15 Nov. 2013. E-mail.
Scholarships:
$50,000 to Miss America
$3,000 guaranteed to every contestant
Largest scholarship provider to women
in the world
Taylor, Shelley. "FW: Miss Michigan Scholarship Pageant: Pageant Project." Message to the author. 15 Nov. 2013. E-mail.
Revill, Renita. "Re: Pageant Project." Message to the author. 16 Nov. 2013. E-mail.
Martin, Michael. Is Nina Davuluri 'American Enough' to Be Miss America. National Public Radio. NPR, 18 Sept. 2013. Web. 30 Oct. 2013.
Miss America
Undeniably changed
Always reflected American values
Represents four points
Scholarship, Service, Style, and Success
"Miss America History." Miss America.org. Miss America Organization, n.d. Web. 1 Nov. 2013.
"Personifies modern change in American culture"
Changed over time
1930s and 1940s
Ringdahl, Shelby. "Miss America Questions." Message to the author. 15 Nov. 2013 E-mail.
Bradley, Becky. "American Cultural History 1950-1959." Kclibrary.lonestar.edu. Lone Star College-Kingwood Library, n.d. Web. 5 Nov. 2013.
Erickson, Pat. "Pageant Project." Message to the author. 15 Nov. 2013. E-mail.
Gillis, Charles. "American Cultural History 1970-1979." Kclibrary.lonestar.edu. Lone Star College-Kingwood Library, n.d. Web. 13 Nov. 2013.
Goodwin, Susan. "American Cultural History 1960-1969." Kclibrary.lonestar.edu. Lone Star College-Kingwood Library, n.d. Web. 13 Nov. 2013.
Hanisch, Carol. "Feminist Document: Critique of the 1968 Miss America Protest." CarolHanisch.org. Ed. Carol Hanisch. Carol Hanisch, n.d. Web. 7 Nov. 2013.
Knox, Beth. "Re: Pageant Project." Message to the author. 15 Nov. 2013. E-mail. T
Kreydatus, Beth. "Confronting The "Bra-Burners:" Teaching Radical Feminism With A Case Study." History Teacher 41.4 (2008): 489-504. Academic Search Elite. Web. 1 Nov. 2013.
Lynam, Laura. "Re: Pageant Project." Message to the author. 15 Nov. 2013. E-mail.
Martin, Michael. Is Nina Davuluri 'American Enough' to Be Miss America. National Public Radio. NPR, 18 Sept. 2013. Web. 30 Oct. 2013.
"Miss America History." Miss America.org. Miss America Organization, n.d. Web. 1 Nov. 2013.
Mitchell, Jan. "Re: Pageant Project." Message to the author. 15 Nov. 2013. E-mail.
"Pageant." Webster's New Explorer College Dictionary. Springfield: Merriam Webster, 2007. Print.
"Pageant History-1950s." Pageant Center.com. Pageant Center, n.d. Web. 1 Nov. 2013.
"Pageant History-1960s." Pageant Center.com. Pageant Center, n.d. Web. 13 Nov. 2013.
Parks, Bert. There She Is Miss America - Bert Parks. Youtube.com. YouTube, 5 Oct. 2012. Web. 5 Nov. 2013.
"People & Events: Breaking the Color Line at the Pageant." Pbs.org. Ed. Tim De Chant. Public Broadcasting System, n.d. Web. 4 Nov. 2013.
"People & Events: Mrs. America: Women's Roles in the 1950s." Pbs.org. Ed. Tim De Chant. Public Broadcasting Service, n.d. Web. 1 Nov. 2013.
"People & Events: The 1968 Protest." Pbs.org. Ed. Tim De Chant. Public Broadcasting System, n.d. Web. 14 Nov. 2013.
"Primary Sources: 1948 Pageant Contract." Pbs.org. Ed. Tim De Chant. Public Broadcasting System, n.d. Web. 4 Nov. 2013.
Revill, Renita. "Re: Pageant Project." Message to the author. 16 Nov. 2013. E-mail.
Ringdahl, Shelby. "Miss America Questions." Message to the author. 15 Nov. 2013. E-mail.
Simmel, Edward. 1950 Family Date, Dinner in a 1950's Home. Youtube.com. YouTube, 8 Dec. 2007. Web. 13 Nov. 2013.
Taylor, Shelley. "FW: Miss Michigan Scholarship Pageant: Pageant Project." Message to the author. 15 Nov. 2013. E-mail.
"Value." Webster's New Explorer College Dictionary. Springfield: Merriam Webster, 2007. Print.
Women Picket on the Atlantic City Boardwalk. 1971. Wide World Photos from the Liberated Woman's Songbook. Redstockings.org. Web. 7 Nov. 2013.
Knox, Beth. "Re: Pageant Project." Message to the author. 15 Nov. 2013. E-mail.
Miss America today:
"
Our younger generation needs women to look up to
, as opposed to movie stars, entertainers, and athletes who do not always represent the values we may want to instill in our youth of today."
Knox, Beth. "Re: Pageant Project." Message to the author. 15 Nov. 2013. E-mail.
Works Cited
Emails
Tennessee, Utah, Montana,Texas, Michigan, North Carolina, Vermont, West Virginia,
Missouri
Laura Kaeppler
Miss America 2012
Teacher
Nina Davuluri
Miss America 2014
Doctor
Teresa Scanlan
Miss America 2011
Criminal Prosecutor
"Miss America History." Miss America.org. Miss America Organization, n.d. Web. 1 Nov. 2013.
Juvan, Nikki. "Miss Vermont Princess Program." Message to the author. 19 Nov. 2013. E-mail.
Kreydatus, Beth. "Confronting The "Bra-Burners:" Teaching Radical Feminism With A Case Study." History Teacher 41.4 (2008): 489-504. Academic Search Elite. Web. 1 Nov. 2013.
Full transcript