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Competition and Anxiety
Transcript of Competition and Anxiety
Competition and anxiety
Ways to cope
Competition and Anxiety
- How competition can be detrimental to performance
- What strategies can be used to counter performance damaging barriers
- Muscle relaxation
- Pre-shot routine
Case Study - Johnny Wilkinson
Imagery is a coping strategy that involves using senses such as sight, hear, smell and taste to re-create an experience in one’s mind of them performing a particular activity or skill successfully (Burton, Raedeke, 2008).
‘Legendary golf great jack Nicklaus, believes that effective shot is 10%swing 40% setup and 50% the mental picture of optimal swing (Burton, Raedeke, 2008, p.68).
‘He places the ball, steps back and sideways. For a few moment he stands, slightly bent, legs a shoulder width apart, hands clasped, eyes focused. Then Jonny Wilkinson looks up, refocuses on something far beyond the posts, strides forward and drives the ball over the bar, into the arms of 'Doris', 20 rows back in the stands. 'Doris' is always sitting there when Wilkinson kicks. She is an imaginary woman at whom he says he aims whether in training or in a match; an integral part of an automaton's winning routine’ (PENDLEBURY 2007).
A pre-performance routine is defined as a Sequence of task relevant thoughts and actions which an athlete engages in systematically prior to his or her performance of a specific sport skill (Kelly, 2012).
McIlory masters meltdown
‘Progressive muscular relaxation (PMR). Here performers learn the skill of physical relaxation through series of logical, progressive stages working towards the goal of being able to achieve a relaxed physical state rapidly in response to any stressful situation’ (Athanasios, Papaioannou, Hackfort, 2014, p.434).
It is beneficial for the performers to be able to modify the degree to which they permit themselves to be aroused in accordance with particular tasks that must be executed’ (Pargman, 2006, p.12).
Athanasios G, Papaioannou, Hackfort D (2014). Routledge Companion to Sport and Exercise Pschology. East Sussex: Routledge . p434.
Burton D, Raedeke T (2008). Sport Psychology for Coaches . Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics. P68-142.
Kelly, A . (2012). Pre-Game Routines in Sports. Available: http://www.sportpsychologytoday.com/sport-psychology-for-coaches/sports-pre-performance-routines/. Last accessed 21st January 2015 .
Pargman D (2006). Managing Performance Stress . Newyork : Routledge . p12.
RICHARD PENDLEBURY. (2007). Rugby World Cup: Inside the tortured mind of our hero Jonny Wilkinson. Available: http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-487825/Rugby-World-Cup-Inside-tortured-mind-hero-Jonny-Wilkinson.html. Last accessed 21st January 2015.
King J. (2007 ). ELIMINATE TENSION IN YOUR GOLF SWING. Available: http://www.positivementalimagery.com/news_letters/newsletter_edition.php?id=31. Last accessed 9th may 2015 .
Cognitive routine / Behavioral routine
Grip, shot approach,
Thoughts, mental list,
Tension is single most common cause of making mistakes in a golf swing (King, 2007)
Tight muscles = Restricted swing
Tight grip = closed club face
Tight muscles =Jerky movements 'YIPS'
12 under 4 shot lead - finished 4 under tied 15