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The XIX Century
Transcript of The XIX Century
Industrialisation, Nationalism and Imperialism
The XIX Century
is a time of...
Old Regime Ideologies
it is organized in...
tries to get rid of the influences of...
which contributed with
the development of...
with the purpose of...
DIVISION OF POWER
Is slowly achieved through...
Worker Parties and Associations
Wider voting population
two types of freedom...
ruled by a...
TO WRITE DOWN AND FOLLOW A...
Give rise to...
Based on historical factors
Based on Popular Will
(owners of capital)
Appearance of new...
Give way to...
World War I
Has causes that are...
End up provoking...
That happen in...
The largest one being...
Which creates a...
ORDER IN NATIONS
Which create global...
In colonies and under developed countries
In industrialized and developed countries
FRENCH REVOLUTION, NAPOLEONIC WARS AND THE STRUGGLE FOR POWER IN EUROPE
The Bourgeois fought, with the help of the people, for rights and the creation of a CONSTITUTION that would give them the capacity to be free from the Absolute control of the Monarchies.
Although the French Revolution failed in France after the defeat of Napoleon in the Napoleonic Wars, it helped spur a series revolutions that would ensure the Bourgeois finally take power from the monarchy and the church.
- OLD -
- THE PROCESS OF
THE PROCESS OF INDUSTRIALIZATION
- AGRARIAN -
- INDUSTRIAL -
they are known for their...
it is oriented towards...
is the opposite of...
it happens in...
REVOLUTION (1870 - 1914)
brings with it...
it is used in...
Examples: Roman Empire, Middle Ages, Muslim Kingdoms, Ancient China, Ancient India, African Kingdoms, Inca Empire, Aztec Empire.
This involves the extraction of resources directly from the Earth; this includes farming, mining and logging. They do not process the products at all. They send it off to factories to make a profit.
This group is involved in the processing products from primary industries. This includes all factories—those that refine metals, produce furniture, or pack farm products such as meat.
This group is involved in the delivery and sale of goods. They include truck drivers and retail workers, for example.
This group is involved in the research of science and technology and other high level tasks. They include scientists, doctors, and lawyers.
Quinary Sector: MANAGEMENT
Some consider there to be a branch of the quaternary sector called the quinary sector, which includes the highest levels of decision making in a society or economy. This sector would include the top executives or officials in such fields as government, science, universities, nonprofit, healthcare, culture, and the media.
THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION BEGUN IN GREAT BRITAIN
1. The small population of England motivated men to innovate in the creation of new technologies that could replace workers.
2. Coal. England had a lot of easy to mine coal that could be used to power the machines invented by innovative men.
3. Europe had a culture of science and innovation.
4. Freer institutions (government and church) allowed men to compete freely on the markets without much government regulations or control. This motivated them to try to improve and compete in the world markets.
5. India and China had created vast markets by being the main suppliers of goods. British bourgeois used their machines to replace India and China as the leaders of the world markets using indian and chinese knowledge and british machines to produce more and better products.
Nationalism is a belief, creed or political ideology that involves an individual identifying with, or becoming attached to, one's nation.
A belief in a common ethnic ancestry - this may or may not be true.
Different dialects of one language; one dialect chosen as the "national language".
A shared way of life (food, dress, behaviour, ideals.
A common past; common experiences.
A religion shared by all or most of the people.
A certain territory that belongs to the ethnic group; its land.
Defends the nation's territory and its way of life.
Represents the nation to the rest of the world.
Embodies the people and its ideals.
Industrial Capitalism is the investment of capital on machines and technology in order to increase production of marketable goods and make a profit.
Socialism challenges Capitalism putting an emphasis on the society rather than the individual. It argues in favour of better conditions for workers, higher wages, and rights.
Capitalism seeks to make the largest profit possible by reducing costs of production by obtaining cheap labour and cheap resources.
This creates a culture in which individuals are valued by how much money they have, and not according to how enlightened or gentle they are.
Imperialism is the political and philosophical idea that the only way to progress is through the creation of an Empire.
Although Imperialism had always existed, thanks to the Industrial Revolution and the Capitalist economies it grew exponentially during the nineteenth century.
FORMS OF IMPERIALISM
SPHERE OF INFLUENCE
A country or region governed internally by a foreign government
A country or territory with its own internal government but under the control of an outside power.
An area in which an outside power claims exclusive investment or trading privileges.
Independent but less developed nations controlled by private business interests rather than by other governments.
Forms of Control
Local government officials were used.
Limited self rule.
Goal: to develop future leaders.
Government institutions are based on European styles but may have local rulers.
Foreign officials brought in to rule.
Government institutions are based only on European styles
The fight between capitalism and socialism will culminate in the Cold War (after World War 2). Capitalism defends the ideas of a free market and a "small government" that lets people do (laize faire) while Socialism defends the ideas of a regulated market and big government that takes control of the people.
Nationalism lead to the creation of new, unified nations, the fragmentation of Empires and the rise of radical ideas in which the state and its ideals stand above the individuals.
Nationalism has been a force of unity that gives great power to a nation's government and military.
It has also been a force of discrimination and xenophobia throughout the world.
Thanks to the Industrial Revolution merchants managed to have the resources to fight the monarchies and church and take control of governments through "representative democracies".
This new bourgeois leadership defends the ideas of Capitalism and uses the power of the State (the army) to colonize other nations and create an Empire.
Nationalism gives radical power over the people to the State. This radical power can be used in two ways:
By Bourgeois: Control of the people through the manipulation of democracy. To control world markets through Imperialism.
By the Army: Control the nation and its rules by creating a military dictatorship. To control world markets through Imperialism.
IN TWO WAYS...
In favour of Capitalism.
In favour of Socialism.
Process of Industralisation
Old Agrarian Societies
Struggle for Power
Capitalism and Socialism