Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

The XIX Century

No description
by

Daniel Torres

on 21 September 2015

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of The XIX Century

Nineteenth Century
Industrialisation, Nationalism and Imperialism
The XIX Century
Conflicts...
is a time of...
Old Regime Ideologies
between...
Liberal Ideologies
Nationalism
represented in...
Restoration
based on...
Privileges
Absolutism
Feudalism
Struggle against...
provoke...
Bourgeois
Revolutions
by waves...
American
Revolution
French
Revolution
Revolutions
of 1830
Revolutions
of 1848
Abolition
of Slavery
it is organized in...
Congress
of Vienna
Holy
Alliance
Traditionalism
Legitimacy
Interventionism
tries to get rid of the influences of...
which contributed with
the development of...
Latin-american
Revolutions
with the purpose of...
Democratic
Evolution
EQUALITY
FREEDOM
DIVISION OF POWER
Is slowly achieved through...
Worker Parties and Associations
Wider voting population
Censitary Sufrage
moving from...
to...
Universal Suffrage
two types of freedom...
Political
Economic
National Sovereignty
"Laissez Faire"
represented in...
Based on...
ruled by a...
CONSTITUTION
TO WRITE DOWN AND FOLLOW A...
Based on...
Give rise to...
divided in...
Types
Can be...
Organic
Or...
Based on historical factors
Liberal
Based on Popular Will
Through a...
Unifying
Separatist
Social
Movements
Social Change
characterized by...
characterized by...
Ideological Change
influenced by...
Capitalism
influenced by...
Demographic
Changes
Social
Classes
Modern
Demographic
cycle
Outsourcing
Decrease
in Mortality
Food
Improvement
Medicine
Population
Growth
Cities
Economic
Control
Bourgeoisie
(owners of capital)
Workers
(proletariat)
Peasants
City Workers
Improved
Conditions
Social
Doctrines
Workers
Movements
Socialist
Utopia
Marxism
Anarchism
Appearance of new...
Produced by...
Give way to...
Based on...
Thanks to...
Like Germany
and Italy
Like Greece
and Ireland
Such as...
Leads to...
Migrate to...
Centered on...
Have...
Fight for...
Fight for...
Divided in...
Organize in...
Create...
Based on...
Organize...
First Actions
Ludism
Chartism
Worker's
Political Parties
Worker's
Unions
Worker's
Internationale
Fight for...
IMPERIALISM
Economic
Political
Management
Policies
Industrial
Development
Markets
Raw
Materials
Technological
Improvements
Transport
Revolution
External
Migration
Commercial
Development
World
Work
Division
Raw Material
Countries
Manufacturing
Countries
Responsibility
to Civilize
Struggles
for Power
World War I
Annexation
Association
Protectorate
CONFLICTS
Colonies
Metropolis
National Resistance
movements
Leftist
Opposition
World
Imbalance
Has causes that are...
Like...
That needs...
Facilitate...
Facilitate...
Favours...
Culminate in...
Produce...
Between...
exchange
Provokes...
Produces...
Creates a...
Culminate in...
Lead to...
Generates...
Like...
Produces...
End up provoking...
That happen in...
Driven by...
Driven by...
The largest one being...
Which creates a...
NEW POLITICAL
ORDER IN NATIONS
That generates...
Which create global...
In colonies and under developed countries
In industrialized and developed countries
FRENCH REVOLUTION, NAPOLEONIC WARS AND THE STRUGGLE FOR POWER IN EUROPE
The Bourgeois fought, with the help of the people, for rights and the creation of a CONSTITUTION that would give them the capacity to be free from the Absolute control of the Monarchies.
Although the French Revolution failed in France after the defeat of Napoleon in the Napoleonic Wars, it helped spur a series revolutions that would ensure the Bourgeois finally take power from the monarchy and the church.
- OLD -
AGRARIAN
SOCIETIES
- THE PROCESS OF
INDUSTRIALIZATION -
THE PROCESS OF INDUSTRIALIZATION
transforms the...
- AGRARIAN -
REVOLUTION
- INDUSTRIAL -
EXPANSION
what happens?
needs...
means...
makes possible...
they are known for their...
LOW PRODUCTIVITY
FEUDAL RELATIONS
typical of...
directed to...
SELF
CONSUMPTION
produces...
INCREASED
PRODUCTION
INCREASED
POPULATION
provokes...
thanks to...
INTENSE
WORK
NEW
HARVESTS
it is oriented towards...
MARKETS
is the opposite of...
generates...
WORK
FORCE
produces...
TRANSPORT
REVOLUTION
facilitates...
it happens in...
TWO STAGES
1º INDUSTRIAL
REVOLUTION (1780)
2º INDUSTRIAL
REVOLUTION (1870 - 1914)
uses...
CARBON
brings with it...
STEAM ENGINE
it is used in...
TEXTILE AND
METALLURGICAL
INDUSTRIES
uses...
PETROLEUM
Based on...
PRIMARY
SOURCES
ENERGY
ELECTRICITY
and...
CHEMICAL AND
IRONWORK
INDUSTRIES
LEADING-EDGE
SECTORS
like...
like...
and...
and...
Examples: Roman Empire, Middle Ages, Muslim Kingdoms, Ancient China, Ancient India, African Kingdoms, Inca Empire, Aztec Empire.
Focused on...
Primary: EXTRACTION
This involves the extraction of resources directly from the Earth; this includes farming, mining and logging. They do not process the products at all. They send it off to factories to make a profit.

Secondary: MANUFACTURING
This group is involved in the processing products from primary industries. This includes all factories—those that refine metals, produce furniture, or pack farm products such as meat.

Tertiary: SERVICES
This group is involved in the delivery and sale of goods. They include truck drivers and retail workers, for example.

Quaternary: KNOWLEDGE
This group is involved in the research of science and technology and other high level tasks. They include scientists, doctors, and lawyers.

Quinary Sector: MANAGEMENT
Some consider there to be a branch of the quaternary sector called the quinary sector, which includes the highest levels of decision making in a society or economy. This sector would include the top executives or officials in such fields as government, science, universities, nonprofit, healthcare, culture, and the media.
INDUSTRY SECTORS
REVOLUTION!
THE INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION BEGUN IN GREAT BRITAIN
WHY?
1. The small population of England motivated men to innovate in the creation of new technologies that could replace workers.
2. Coal. England had a lot of easy to mine coal that could be used to power the machines invented by innovative men.
3. Europe had a culture of science and innovation.
4. Freer institutions (government and church) allowed men to compete freely on the markets without much government regulations or control. This motivated them to try to improve and compete in the world markets.
5. India and China had created vast markets by being the main suppliers of goods. British bourgeois used their machines to replace India and China as the leaders of the world markets using indian and chinese knowledge and british machines to produce more and better products.
NATIONALISM
Nationalism is a belief, creed or political ideology that involves an individual identifying with, or becoming attached to, one's nation.
Nationality
Language
Culture
History
Religion
Territory
A belief in a common ethnic ancestry - this may or may not be true.
Different dialects of one language; one dialect chosen as the "national language".
A shared way of life (food, dress, behaviour, ideals.
A common past; common experiences.
A religion shared by all or most of the people.
A certain territory that belongs to the ethnic group; its land.
Nation State
Defends the nation's territory and its way of life.
Represents the nation to the rest of the world.
Embodies the people and its ideals.
Separation
Unification
Discrimination
CAPITALISM
SOCIALISM
both have...
Economic
Cultural
Industrial Capitalism is the investment of capital on machines and technology in order to increase production of marketable goods and make a profit.
Socialism challenges Capitalism putting an emphasis on the society rather than the individual. It argues in favour of better conditions for workers, higher wages, and rights.
Capitalism seeks to make the largest profit possible by reducing costs of production by obtaining cheap labour and cheap resources.
This creates a culture in which individuals are valued by how much money they have, and not according to how enlightened or gentle they are.
IMPERIALISM
Imperialism is the political and philosophical idea that the only way to progress is through the creation of an Empire.
Although Imperialism had always existed, thanks to the Industrial Revolution and the Capitalist economies it grew exponentially during the nineteenth century.
FORMS OF IMPERIALISM
COLONY


PROTECTORATE


SPHERE OF INFLUENCE


ECONOMIC IMPERIALISM
A country or region governed internally by a foreign government
A country or territory with its own internal government but under the control of an outside power.
An area in which an outside power claims exclusive investment or trading privileges.
Independent but less developed nations controlled by private business interests rather than by other governments.
Forms of Control
Indirect
Direct
Local government officials were used.
Limited self rule.
Goal: to develop future leaders.
Government institutions are based on European styles but may have local rulers.
Foreign officials brought in to rule.
no self-rule
Goal: Assimilation.
Government institutions are based only on European styles
The fight between capitalism and socialism will culminate in the Cold War (after World War 2). Capitalism defends the ideas of a free market and a "small government" that lets people do (laize faire) while Socialism defends the ideas of a regulated market and big government that takes control of the people.
Nationalism lead to the creation of new, unified nations, the fragmentation of Empires and the rise of radical ideas in which the state and its ideals stand above the individuals.
Nationalism has been a force of unity that gives great power to a nation's government and military.
It has also been a force of discrimination and xenophobia throughout the world.
Thanks to the Industrial Revolution merchants managed to have the resources to fight the monarchies and church and take control of governments through "representative democracies".
This new bourgeois leadership defends the ideas of Capitalism and uses the power of the State (the army) to colonize other nations and create an Empire.
Nationalism gives radical power over the people to the State. This radical power can be used in two ways:

By Bourgeois: Control of the people through the manipulation of democracy. To control world markets through Imperialism.

By the Army: Control the nation and its rules by creating a military dictatorship. To control world markets through Imperialism.
IN TWO WAYS...
CONSERVATIVE
LIBERAL
In favour of Capitalism.
In favour of Socialism.
Main Topics
Holy Inquisition
Napoleonic Wars
Process of Industralisation
Old Agrarian Societies
Industrial Revolution
Struggle for Power
Capitalism and Socialism
Nationalism
Imperialism
Full transcript