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Phrases and Clauses
Transcript of Phrases and Clauses
-My dog ate all of it.
-Mr. V.'s wife is very quiet. They can be subjects... ...complemenets... A noun+modifiers Noun Phrase Verb phrase a sequence of words
with no subject/predicate/both Phrases Clauses Phrases and Clauses -He is still a very good dog.
-My Mother is a wonderful woman.
-The cold weather hasn't killed the
CMSA students' spirits. -A verb and any helpers
(They be rollin like verbs) ...contain a subject and a predicate ...or objects of the preposition. -The gamers sat in the dark room.
-He finally achieved his dream of playing for millions of screaming fans. -The class started.
-The class has started.
-The class must start.
-The class will be starting.
-Shut up so the class can start. Verbal Phrases Act like a noun! Gerund phrases behave like nouns, usually the
subject or object. -Running like a lunatic is fun.
-I like running around in circles.
-Running is a pastime I enjoy. Participial phrases behave like modifiers -Running like a lunatic, the students
scared Ms. Press.
-Known to be a vicious gamer, the student made me nervous when he came in wielding a real weapon.
-Ms. Press sped up the grammar assignment, hoping not to lose anyone on the way.
** Essential versus non-essential Infinitive phrases act like nouns or modifiers, but are always in the "to" form of a verb -The teacher needs to take a headache pill.
-To waste time, the students asked dumb questions.
-I like to run around like a crazy person. Prepositional phrases add information about which/what kind/etc. -Some of the students were participating in the class.
-They looked at the teacher, took notes on the subject, and wrote on the board.
-Those students got candy, while the rest sat in sadness. Appositives expand the meaning of a
noun or noun phrase -Ms. Press, the grammar queen, bored the children.
-The grammar queen, Ms. Press, bored the children.
-The queen Ms. Press bored the children. Absolute phrases provide descriptive details or conditions *Usually a noun phrase modified by
a verbal or prepositional phrase* -His guitar on his back, he rode out of the city.
-He left at dawn, all of his belongings in a pack on his back.
-His ex-girlfriend having arrived, he knew he'd better run. An independent clause can stand alone. -The cheese stands alone.
-I walked there.
-I like pizza.
-Chicken is good. Dependent clauses aren't complete sentences.
They rely on other
parts of the sentence. Noun clauses serve as subjects or objects and start
with if, that, which, why, whom, etc. -What the teacher said about the students
to her friends on the weekend was mean.
-We don't understand why she did it.
-Send the cupcakes to whoever deserves them most. Adjectival clauses answer questions such as 'Which one? What kind of...?' and begin with relative pronouns and adverbs. -No one likes people who look like Slender Man.
-Children who have seen the youtube video are his most likely targets.
-The videos that have been made public demonstrate his Slender power. Adverbial clauses answers 'Where? When? Why? How? How often? In what manner?' -She acted as though she had seen a ghost.
-When the computer turned on, there was someone else in the webcam.
-Because Paranormal Activity 1 sucked, Ms. Press will not see Paranormal Activity 4.