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World History 3.3.1
Transcript of World History 3.3.1
Champa rice is a quick-maturing and drought resistant rice. It was originally from Champa (Vietnam), but was sent to China as a tribute gift. The innovation of Champa rice made it easier to feed more people, and grow the rice faster, which led to the population growth of China.
Champa Rice Varieties
Chinampa field systems were artificial or man made islands to which crops were planted on. They were originally created by the Aztecs in Tenochtitlan. The innovation of chinampas allowed agricultural production to highly increase, as the chinampas alone provided ½ to ⅔ of the food consumed by the population of Tenochtitlan.
Chinampa Field Systems
Waru waru agriculture was used in the Andean regions of South America. It is the technique of having raised channels of land. This technique prevents the risk of the crops flooding, and also from soil erosion. This innovation helped to increase the production of crops.
Waru Waru Agriculture
The crusaders brought sugar back to Europe after they were in Jerusalem. They brought it to Venice where they acquired nearby villages to create estates to produce sugar.
In the Andean mountain region (near present day Peru), terrace farming developed around 500 CE. This development on farming allowed the Wari and Inca empires, in particular, to farm on the steep landscapes of the Andean Mountains. This development shifted a mostly hunting lifestyle to an agricultural lifestyle where these people could be dependent on growing food for themselves. The increase in food from this farming technique gave rise to larger cities and populations in the Andean Mountain area.
Improved Terracing Techniques:
The invention of the horse collar was brought about by the Chinese in third to first century BCE, however, the invention had the largest impact around 1000 CE. During that time the invention had spread throughout the Eurasian world to the West. This invention made plowing easier and more efficient, which helped be more productive in generating food for the growing agricultural societies around the world.
The Horse Collar
World History 3.3.1
By Cedar Thomas, Claire McNary, Joe Brandel, and Graham Anderson
There was an increase in the need for weapons, which sparked an increase in iron and steel production. Also, there were new iron plows that we being used in agricultural societies. Iron production increased immensely between the 9th and 12th centuries, by the end of the 11th century China was producing about 125,000 tons of cast iron a year.
Iron and Steel Production
Blankenship. China 600-1450. N.p.: Blankenship, n.d. Lecture notes for a world history teacher.
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