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Transcript of Federalism Timeline
This was the first agreement between the 13 original states; it formed a confederation. 1787-Constitutional Convention
This meeting in Philadelphia adressed the issues of the Articles in an attempt to come up with a better solution. 1791- 10th Amendment
This portion of the Bill of Rights gave states and the people all powers not specifically given to the federal government. 1819- McCulloch v Maryland
In this case, the federal government invoked the necessary and proper clause, and the principle of implied powers was established. 1849- California's Constitution
This document is the specific state constitution of California and therefore gives power to its own state. 1857-Dred Scott v. Sandford
This decision was that the federal government could not regulate slavery in the territories, and that African Americans were not protected by the Constitution. 1861-1865 Civil War
The Civil War united our country together once again and restored power to the central federal government instead of to the confederation of the south. 1868- 14th Amendment
This includes the equal protection, due process, and citizenship clauses and deals with federal issues. 1890- Sherman Anti-Trust Act 1890-Sherman Anti-trust Act
This act prohibited trusts and was based on the power of the federal government to regulate interstate commerce.
1895- Institution of Federal Income Tax
The power to tax on a federal level strenghtens the national government by fattening its purse. 1896-Plessy v. Ferguson
This case supported the states' laws requiring segregation and "separate but equal" facilities. 1906-Pure Food and Drug Act
This Progressive Era legislation gave the federal government the power and responsibility of regulating food and drugs for safety. 1913- 16th Amendment
Congress can "levy" an income tax without much input from the states. 1913- Hoke v. U.S.
This decided that the federal government could not regulate prostitution in the states. 1933-36- New Deal
This was a series of economic programs during Roosevelt's time that dealt with "relief, recovery, and reform" after the Great Depression. 1944- Korematsu v. U.S.
This controversial case sided with the government on the issue of allowing Japanese Americans to be placed in internment camps during the war. 1947- U.S. v. California
This case decided that the federal government owned some undersea land off the California coast. 1954- Brown v. Board of Education
The court declared separate segregated schools unconstitutional. 1964- Civil Rights Act
This act prohibited many types of discrimination by the federal government and the states. 1972- State & local Fiscal Assistance Act
This allowed the federal government to step in and provide monetary aid to state and local governments. 1973- Roe v. Wade
The Court decided that women's right to privacy under the 14th amendment extended to abortion, but said this right must be balanced with the states' regulations on abortion. 1980- Election of Ronald Reagan
Reagan practiced "New Federalism", returning power to the states with his "devolution revolution". 1990- Americans with Disabilities Act
This civil rights law prohibits discrimination based on ability. 1994-Law enforcement assistance act
This act gave the federal government power to give assistance to the states in enforcing the law. 1995- U.S. v. Lopez
This set limits to Congress's power under the commerce clause. It dealt with a child bringing guns to school. 1999- Alden v. Maine
This held that states have "sovereign immunity"; they cannot be sued by "private parties" in their own courts. 2001- No Child Left Behind
This mandate required states to give students assessments in basic skills in order to receive federal school funding. 2001- September 11th
This tragedy caused the federal government to create new legislation regarding airline safety. 2002-Department of Homeland Security
The creation of this national department clearly gives the federal government more control over security of the country. 2003- "Do not call " Law
This law created a national "do not call" registry for solicitors to follow. Conclusion Today, we have come a long way from the Articles of Confederation. The federal government holds a lot of power due to clauses such as the necessary and proper clause and due to an increasing desire of the people for the federal government to step in and take care of them no matter what they have done. The federal government holds power over the states by withholding funds unless they obey mandates, and in this way they manage to circumvent a part of the checks and balances designed by the founders in order to keep the government accountable. The founders, in Federalist 51, created this system of checks and balances in order to maintain a separation of powers and ensure that the central federal government did not become too powerful. The founders wanted nothing to do with the idea of a kingdom present in England. They also knew that political factions would occur and were alright as long as there were multiple political factions. The founders of the Constitution expected the federal government to play a role in manages affairs between states and that were expressly given to the federal government in the Constitution (enumerated powers). However, today we see "iimplied powers" and the necessary and proper clause, which give the federal government a huge margin of interpretation. The founders did not expect the federal government to have the pull it has today in certain major aspects such as the drinking age and education, which should be left up to the states. Blue= Federal