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presidential election

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michelle ashmore

on 19 January 2016

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Transcript of presidential election

the road to the White House
Presidential Elections
The Electoral College
National Convention
The Campaign "game"
after election day, the winner of the popular vote in that state gets all the EC votes (winner take all)
a formal declaration at a press conference that an individual is seeking the party's nomination
the individual has already checked to make sure he/she can get enough political and financial support as well as plenty of media coverage!
presidential primaries/caucuses are used to pick delegates
to the presidential nominating conventions for both parties
who are the delegates?
elite group with high income and education.

D - 35% minority, 50% women
R - 7% minority, 32% women
Primaries: VOTE
1st primary: NH
winner-take-all (R): candidate who wins most votes gets all delegates
Romney - orange
Paul - yellow
Gingrich - purple
Santorum - green
proportional representation (D): candidates get delegates in proportion to # of popular votes
1st caucus: IA
party members meet in small groups around the state to select the delegates from that area
Primaries v. Caucuses - arguments against them
disproportionate attention goes to the early caucuses and primaries! why?
1) frontloading: holding primaries/caucuses early in the year to increase attention on the election (70% of state delegates chosen by March)

2) Takes so much time!!! - for those in office it's hard to take time to run... it's all about raising money and getting your name out!
~~ have to get more than opponent. Drop outs say they didn't have $$
~ too much power to the media
-press is who labels WINNERS and LOSERS (horse race)
-media influences the people and shapes our opinions!

3) Participation is unrepresentative
~ only about 20% vote in primaries and 5% attend caucus
~ who does vote? older, more affluent people
delegates chosen at the primary/caucus attend

R - Tampa
D - Charlotte
in Democratic party SUPER DELEGATES also attend (national party leaders who automatically go to convention)
Republican delegates are not bound to choose the same candidates as the people did in the primary.
day 1: keynote speech

day 2: set party platform

day 3: formal declaration of P candidate

day 4: VP chosen by P (balance the ticket)
Candy Election 2015:

Skittles v. Starburst

Reese's v. M&M's
1 Democrat v. 1 Republican
The General Election phase
it's time to paint the perfect picture of the candidate - travel to the "swing states" (those which neither party dominates
the players
in the "game"
- political parties - focus on campaign, "stay moderate"

- interest groups - support/influence

- media - information source

- funding - (campaign finance) where the $ comes from

it's called a game because each candidate and his campaign staff has to play the cards/pieces just right in order to get elected
there is a set of D and R electors waiting to hear the popular vote results. -- the elector "promises" to vote for that candidate.
when? Monday after 2nd Wed in December
~ electors go to the state capitol and cast ballot. It's mailed to Pres of Senate (VP) and opened at joint session of Congress (Jan 6)
who wins? person with 270 votes!
~ if no one gets 270 = H - Pres, S - VP
hey Framers, Why make the EC?!
1) it works without parties

2) it covers the nominating and election phases of selection

3) produces a non-partisan president
Skittles v. M&M

Skittles v. Reese's

Starburst v. M&M

Starburst v. Reese's
Candy election 2013
** When? **
Tues after 1st Mon in November, even # years (every 4)

elector: member of the EC chosen by appointment or popular vote (varies by state)
We are actually voting for the Electors of the party who promise to vote for the party's candidate
How many?
equal to the # of Congressmen per state (GA has 16 -- 14 H, 2 S)
435+100+3=538 total!
Amendment 12
January 20th

lame duck: a name for an official during the time period from when he can't be or isn't re-elected and when he leaves office.

(ex: November-January when a new President is taking over)
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