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Methods of Paragraph Development

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by

John Vergara

on 9 October 2014

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Transcript of Methods of Paragraph Development

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Parts of the paragraph
Factors that should be present in any paragraph:
PLATFORMS
Social
SOCIAL
SEO
CMS
If the idea of the paragraph is simple = short paragraph.
complicated= somewhat long
Paragraph length varies according to place and purpose as well as ideas.
Objectives for English Composition II
To write effective paragraphs
To perfectly know what the parts of a paragraph are


The paragraph should contain one central idea.
What does a paragraph look like on the page?
The paragraph and its parts
A paragraph is composed of a group of sentences expressing (usually) one central idea.
It is unified, coherent, and developed.

Indentation -- indicates where the paragraph begins.
The paragraph should have unity.
One paragraph = 1-- just one beginning point.
~© Denise Rafferty~
A topic sentence indicates what the paragraph is about, what it will describe or discuss. It is often the first sentence in the paragraph.
The paragraph should have coherence (order/sequence) and continuity (transition).
The paragraph should
be adequately developed.
What is a paragraph?
How long is a paragraph?
REMEMBER!
The number of sentences is unimportant; however, the paragraph should be long enough to develop the main of the idea clearly.
(Writing Academic English, Fourth Edition)
I want to talk about my father. He is strict with his children, especially me. He won´t let me out of the house unless I´ve done all my homework. He is a tall and rather skinny man. Some people say he is good-looking. He has a nice streak of gray in his hair. He laughs a lot and enjoys life. My father is interesting.
My father´s face is rough. His complexion is leathery and wrinkled. There are large pores in the skin that covers his nose and cheeks. His nose, broken twice in his life, makes him look a boxer who has lost too many fights. His mouth, unless he smiles, looks hard and threatening. His chin is massive and angular. Shaved or not, my father´s face is rugged.
My father is very strict with his children, especially me. He won´t let me out of the house unless I´ve done all my homework frankly, I don´t care whether I go to school or not. School is such a waste of time. There aren´t any good jobs, anyway. My mother doesn´t agree with my father. They quarrel a lot. Sometimes, I wish they would get a divorce, but then, who would I live with?
My father´s face is rough. His complexion is leathery wrinkled. There are large pores in the skin that covers his nose and cheeks. His nose, broken twice in his life, makes him look like a boxer and who has lost too many fights. His mouth, unless he smiles, looks hard and threatening. His chin is massive and angular. Shaved or not, my father´s face is rugged.
To get the most out of your textbooks, you should follow several steps very carefully. You should make a survey of each book to get a general idea of what the book contains. You should read or understanding and formulate questions. Make notes of the major points of each chapter. Test yourself to be sure that you can answer questions likely to be raised in class and in examination. Review your notes and reread any parts of the book that are unclear to you.
To get the most out of your textbooks, you should follow several steps very carefully. First, you should make a preliminary survey of each book to get a general idea of what the book contains. Second, you should read for deeper understanding and formulate questions as you read. Next, make notes of the major points of each chapter. Then, test yourself to be sure that you can answer questions likely to be raised in class and in. Finally, review your notes and reread any parts of the book that are unclear to you.
Topic Sentence
Supporting Sentences
Concluding Sentence
Topic Sentence
The difference between a
topic sentence and a title
A topic sentence is always a complete thought, whereas a title is frequently a fragment or part of a complete thought.
The Art of Changing a Tire


In case of a Flat
Too few drivers aprreciate the art of changing a tire.


All drivers should know what to do in case of a flat.
Vs.
Is the topic sentence always the first sentence in the paragraph?
You should pretend that it is, first, even though it is not. Advanced or professional writers state the topic at various places in the paragraph.
Formula:
A specific subject (Mr. Brown, our gym teacher) + a specific feeling or attitude (must have been a drill sergeant before) = a good topic sentence
Mr. Brown must have been a drill sergeant before he became our our gym teacher.
When a camera flash is used in a low-light environment, the subject's eyes may appear red in the finished photograph. What is known as "red-eye" is the result of light from the flash reflecting off the pupils of the eyes. The phenomenon of red-eye can be lessened by using the red-eye reduction feature found on many SLR cameras. This feature activates a lamp which shines a small light directly into the subject's eyes. When this happens, the diameter of the pupil is reduced, thus tightening the opening in the iris. Since a smaller pupil means a smaller host for the reflection, the chances of red-eye occurring are greatly reduced.
People do it everyday. They log on to their favorite website and browse for hours, checking out bargains. They dump every possible wish into their shopping carts, knowing they can cast each one aside before they finalize their purchases. On the way, they may enter a sweepstakes in the hopes of winning a trip to Cabo San Lucas, or maybe even a new SUV. And then, when they have decided on their purchases, they enter private information without giving it a thought. With a keystroke, they release their personal data into what may or may not be a secure zone. Despite what much of the public believes, internet shopping is not safe.
Topic Sentences
Examples of...
Constructing a wedding cake is a complicated process. Before any baking takes place, the size of the cake and the decorative design to be used must be determined. Then the layers are baked. On a large cake the bottom layers may be as much as sixteen inches in diameter. Because of their size, these layers must be baked one at a time, a process which may actually take an entire day. Once the layers are cooled, same-size pairs are matched and frosted. Since large wedding cakes are surprisingly heavy, half-inch dowel rods must be measured, cut, and carefully driven into the bottom layers.
and
Supporting
Sentences
Concluding
Sentence
They come after the topic sentence, making up the body of a paragraph.

They give details to develop and support the main idea of the paragraph.

You should give supporting facts, details, reasons, statistics, quotations, and examples.



The closing sentence is the last sentence in a paragraph.


It restates the main idea of your paragraph.


Restate the main idea of the paragraph using different words.

The closing sentence reminds the reader what the topic of the paragraph is really all about, what it means.

My hometown is famous for several amazing natural features. First, it is noted for the Wheaton River, which is very wide and beautiful. Also, on the other side of the town is Wheaton Hill, which is unusual because it is very steep. The third amazing feature is the Big Old Tree. This tree stands two hundred feet tall and is probably about six hundred years old.
My Dog Romeo is so much fun to play with. One reason he’s fun is because he loves to play catch. What’s also fun is that he follows me around the house with a toy and drops it on my foot, so I will kick it. Additionally, he can catch just about anything, but his favorite thing to catch is a Frisbee. Finally, he loves it when I pretend like I’m falling dead, and he runs over to lick me. All these reasons show why I really have fun playing with Romeo.
Through the centuries rats have managed to survive all our efforts to destroy them. We have poisoned them and trapped them. We have fumigated, flooded, and burned them. We have tried germ warfare. Some rats even survived atomic bomb tests conducted on Entwetok atoll in the Pacific after World War II. In spite of all our efforts, these enemies of ours continue to prove that they are the most indestructible of pests.
Practice!!
Homework
Assignment!
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