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March to the Common Core State Standards
Transcript of March to the Common Core State Standards
- Common Core
The Equal Protection Clause
Elementary and Secondary Education Act
"No State shall make or enforce any law which shall... deny to any person within its jurisdiction equal protection of its laws."
"Equal Justice Under Law" is enshrined on the entrance to the
U.S. Supreme Court
Yeah... what he said!
Where's my horse?
Acceptance of the 14th Amendment was a precondition for the Confederate states to rejoin the Union after
the Civil War.
in this case, Linda Brown--
ALL children must have equal access to education!"
Oh, look... it's Earl Warren, the Chief Supreme!
(Part of Lyndon Johnson's "War on Poverty"*)
President Johnson at signing ceremony with his childhood teacher
Reallocates federal funds to help reduce achievement gaps between low and high-income students.
Aims to Improve
(added in 1967) Bilingual Education.
No Child Left Behind Act
But with no national curriculum! **
** 'Cuz curriculum is a state thing!
* ...so we can identify the achievement gaps- usually between rich and poor, and then better target federal funds to narrow them.
*"...'Cuz we said so ! "
** ...so We have something to hold the system accountable to. By law we can't have national standards, so each state must make their own.
Did you notice Sen. Kennedy?
Republicans and Democrats
worked on this together. (No... really!)
President George W. Bush at signing ceremony at Hamilton H.S. in Hamilton, Ohio
I gotta do this "State standards" thing for
"No Child Left Behind"...
Hey... you wanna work together?
Let's combine your best ideas with my best ideas!
it's important for our students.
What about me?
some new ideas..
I have some great ideas!
anyone seen Hawaii or Alaska? We have to
But I heard Alaska doesn't want to come.
Consistent among all the participating partners
The Common Core State Standards will be:
*** ...to see how well students learned the standards to which the states are accountable.
4 U.S. Territories,
the District of Columbia
to work together?
of Columbia will attend.
in Colonial Times...
Why Do We Need Common Core Standards?
Equal access to the curriculum for all students regardless of ethnicity, income, place of residence, language, or educational need.
To Support and Promote
High quality curriculum for all students as measured by how well it prepares learners with diverse interests and needs for college and career in a technological and competitive world.
Wow! A room-sized
(...proving the continuing temporary importance of low tech.)
The humble beginnings of the internet...
If the student didn't apply themself to the lesson...
In 1945 at Gimbels in NY City: only $9.75.
* "PC" is politically correct for...
(Can you guess the date?)
More supportive of English Learners and students with disabilities
Competitive with 21st century, international standards
Aligned with the modern demands of college and career
Integrated with the technological world
Clear, so students understand what it is they need to know, and teachers and parents can see how to help them
The American Way!
(...but not in those words...)
--The Supreme Court*
Smile, would you?
You're not the boss of me!
(A Re-authorization of President Johnson's ESEA)
Uh... Can we talk about it later?
"We hold these truths to be self evident, that all men are created equal..."
From the 14th Amendment to the U.S Constitution
The more the merrier!
Let's make it a party!
We should invite the U.S. Territories too!
I get it... participation is completely voluntary!
Android Jellybean* Cell Phone
16mm Film Projector with "Sync Sound"
"...with liberty and justice for all"
"The right tool for the job"
(The items in blue circles represent our need to update standards for relevance.)
Standards should be
And that's as simple as it gets!
Brown vs. Board of Education
The most famous case in all of education...
Women are born equal too!
...and what about the slaves ! ? !
The federal laws
are unchanged. So with or without Common Core, we each must make our
own state standards...
WE are in charge of this party--the feds aren't even
(The substitution of "ABCDEF" with "QWERTY" inspired the "hunt and peck" method
of typing still in use today.)
(Anyone know how they got the lead into there?)
No more messy mimeograph machines!
(... and a prideful
iCan't afford one :-(
Let's listen in on a conversation among the states...
(This advanced model is for students
of "the calculus".)
(But more student worksheets.)
(...and then turned upside down
to spell "hELLO".)
(But wasn't the BLACK-board already "interactive"?)
* Did you know each new version of the Google Android operating system
is named after a dessert?
We have come a long way since Thomas Jefferson. But before we march our last step--how did the Common Core State Standards get started?
says we can't
just like nothing
says we have to!
* ... but the march goes on!
(For the big picture,
please press the right arrow once more.)
(...the use of clever optics to produce clever students.)
I'm glad to know we don't need the feds to have a good time...
I'm just glad it's all settled!
- Separate is Not Equal -
Without it, students might never have known of Captain Nemo...
Common Core State Standards!
Nor Texas, Nebraska, Virginia, and Minnesota...
(... a lesson was written on a wooden paddle and coated with a protective, clear mica covering, called "horn".)
or sex ed...
said it was the right thing to do.
We made it a unanimous decision...
To put it simply:
...and many, many educators and educational organizations thruout the country and around the world.
How would things
have been different if back at the beginning, Jefferson and his friends had been true to their espoused principles?
There should be room for me at the front of the bus, and there should be room for every student at the front of the class.
of the bus...
* A follow-up to the Civil Rights Act of 1964.
Thurgood Marshall, a future supreme court justice himself,
was the NAACP lawyer who argued for the plaintiffs
before the supreme court in Brown vs. Board of Education.
Thurgood Marshall Elementary School, Asbury Park, NJ
some people didn't
understand that segregation was unfair.
But to us, that's "elementary"!
all I wanted
to know is which one
these are not national standards--they are common state standards.
going to be a
We need common standards!
some of my teachers might teach differently than some of your
...and they are
only the "core" standards--those who want can always flesh them out for their
These standards will be about what should be learned, not how to teach...
(About an avg. day's wages)
Civil Rights Hero
Sometimes used to calculate "43,110".
(Each step on the path is about 10 years.)
...but can it do facebook?
... or from his "Emancipation Proclamation",
a presidential order which freed
many of the American slaves.
(The rest were freed with passage of the
13th Amendment to the Constitution.)
- Abraham Lincoln -
Debates about exactly what belongs in the Common Core State Standards--and especially,the dangers of "teaching to the test" are sure to continue. But we have come from Hornbook to Facebook, and many educators believe these cooperatively derived standards will be the best tool yet for preparing our students for college and career.
You may know him from your $5 bill...
the lesson could be applied to the student.
of the class!
is a "4.5".
(raw scaled score)
is a "4.5" too!
State Standards -
Today, our struggle for social justice not only continues, but even expands. For example, classrooms routinely deal with issues such as fluency in English and diversity of ability that were largely ignored in the past. Debates about state and federal roles in education will continue, but insofar as standards have promoted fairness within the states, perhaps the Common Core State Standards will take our quest to live up to our American ideals to a new level.
- Fairness -
- Relevance -
What was that again?
At the beginning of our march, not just Thomas Jefferson, but all of America had yet to think thru the principles upon which our nation was founded. Contrary to our democratic, egalitarian ideals, for example, our classrooms were sometimes thought of as the natural province mostly of white males-moreso, for those who were well-to-do.
In 1965, Pres. Johnson hoped that education would finally be, as Horace Mann had claimed in 1848, "the great equalizer". Yet over a generation later, America entered the new century with the stain of inequality faded, but still stubbornly embedded in our social fabric. Some education reformers came to believe that on their own, states might never effectively address the problem. There could be no accountability without standards, and thus was born the 2001 "No Child Left Behind Act".
The states were required to establish standards in large part so the feds could hold them accountable for fairness in their classrooms. But once the policy was set, states were forced to look at the old question, "What should our students know?" from a new perspective.
Author's Last Aside (Promise!)
Of course teachers have always had to decide what to teach. But the demand for state-wide standards sparked 50 systemic, intensified conversations about what concepts, knowledge and skills our students need to be happy, productive citizens in a modern, increasingly technological, globally competitive world.
...let's deal with those issues
So what's the bottom line?