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Gulliver's Travels

AP World History Book Assignment
by

Athena Fruehan

on 30 November 2013

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Transcript of Gulliver's Travels

Athena Fruehan
AP World History - E Period
December 4, 2013
designed by Péter Puklus for Prezi
Summary
Lemuel Gulliver, an English surgeon whom possesses a deteriorating business, embarks on multiple voyages that lead to unintended destinations. Gulliver encounters numerous diverse societies thriving at each "port of call," including the pint-size peoples of Lilliput, the gigantic people of Brobdingnag, the various peoples of Laputa, Balnibarbi, Luggnagg, Glubbdubdrib, and Japan, and the horse-creatures called Houyhnhnms along with the brutish humanoids known as Yahoos inhabiting the country of the Houyhnhnms. Gulliver interacts with and learns about each society, and then journeys on home to England.
Themes
The themes of AP World History exemplified in Gulliver's Travels include:
Theme 2: Development and Interaction of Cultures
Theme 3: State-building, Expansion, and Conflict
"The Emperor [of Lilliput] had a mind to entertain me with several of the Country Shows... I was diverted with none so much as that of the Rope-Dancers, performed upon a slender white Thread, extended about two Foot, and twelve Inches from the Ground... This Diversion is only practised by those Persons who are Candidates for great Employments, and high Favour, at Court...five or six of the Candidates petition the Emperor to entertain his Majesty and the Court with a Dance on the Rope, and whoever jumps the highest without falling, succeeds in the Office... These Diversions are often attended with fatal Accidents" (Swift, 2010, pp. 38-39).
"I [Gulliver] began my Discourse by informing his Majesty [ the king of Brobdingnag] that our Dominions consisted of two Islands... He [the king] asked, what Methods were used to cultivate the Minds and Bodies of our young Nobility... by what I [the king]have gathered from your [Gulliver's] own Relation, and the Answers I Have with much Pains wringed and extorted from you, I cannot but conclude the Bulk of your Natives, to be the most pernicious Race of little odious Vermin that Nature ever suffered to crawl upon the Surface of the Earth" (Swift, 2010, pp. 118, 120, 123).
"It was eight Months before the King [of Laputa] had perfect Notice that the Lindalinians were in Rebellion. He then commanded that the Island should be wafted over the City... The King hovered over them several Days to deprive them of the Sun and the Rain... The King being now determined to reduce this proud People, ordered that the Island should descend gently within firty Yards of the Top of the Towers and Rock" (Swift, 2010, p. 161).
Note
Gulliver's Travels
is a work of satire upon the English culture and human nature in general. It is also a parody of the genre of travel literature. Swift utilizes allegory to satirize English rulers and places. Parody is identified in the way Gulliver over-explains certain unessential information, in which he tells the story in first-person point of view.
Gulliver
interacts with the culture
of the Lilliputians by studying artistic and unique technique the Lilliputians use to jockey for government positions. Swift employs the Lilliputians rope-dancing to create a satire of the outlandish and ridiculous methods the English utilize to compete for roles in their own government.
Gulliver
interacts with the culture
of the Brobdingnag by elucidating his own culture to the king of Brobdingnag. The king responds to Gulliver's explanation by analyzing the English as trivial, insignificant creatures that damage their own society, but have no effect on the rest of the world.
The King 's actions depict the
process by which the government represses the conflict
of the rebellion of the Lindalinians by descending the island of Laputa (the government) upon the city below. The Laputa's hovering over the Lindalinians may symbolize the English's dominance over the city of Dublin, contributing to the satirical aspect of the book.
References
Swift, J. (2010)
Gulliver's Travels
. London: Penguin Group
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