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Setting, Character, Characterization, and Point of View

This is the second in a series of presentations on basic elements of fiction.
by

Michael McNamee

on 31 October 2014

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Transcript of Setting, Character, Characterization, and Point of View

SETTING
Setting is the background against
which a story or drama is told
SETTING
FOUR COMPONENTS
LOCATION
A place with
a specific label
or proper name
ERA
The past, present,
or future, relative
to the reader
or audience
TIME FRAME
The amount of measurable time
covered by a narrative's plot.
CIRCUMSTANCE
Important events which occurred,
or critical information that was
revealed, PRIOR TO the time frame
of the narrative or drama.
CHARACTER
A being with an identity
and a role in the plot
of a narrative or drama
.
The events of the circumstance often motivate the actions of the protagonist.
FOUR TYPES
MAJOR
A major character has a
signficant role in the conflict
MINOR
A minor character is barely
noticeable in action or outcome
DYNAMIC
A dynamic character undergoes changes in
traits, or important individual qualities,
during the time frame of a narrative or drama.
STATIC
A static character's traits remain consistent, or the same, throughout the time frame
CHARACTERIZATION
The process that the writer uses to reveal
information about a character's traits.
TWO TYPES
DIRECT
Using direct characterization,
the writer clearly states info about a character's traits
INDIRECT
Using indirect characterization,
the writer implies info about a character's traits
POINT OF VIEW
The perspective of the narrator,
or from which a story is told
Insight
Insight is defined as the knowledge the narrator has of the character's thoughts, emotions, and motivations
FIRST PERSON
The first person narrative features
a character as the narrator
The four types of point of view differ by the level of insight the narrator has
THIRD
PERSON

The phrase third person means
"anonymous, uninvolved."
Third Person, Camera
This point of view has a narrator with no insight,
who only can relate what is seen and heard

Third Person, Limited
The third person, limited narrator has
insight into one or perhaps two characters
most likely including the main character

Third Person, Omniscient
In this most commonly used point of view,
the narrator has unlimited insight:
knows all, experiences all, reveals all
also called ROUND
also called FLAT
Full transcript