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Theory of Knowledge:

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Kaitlin Koselansky

on 7 January 2013

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Transcript of Theory of Knowledge:

Theory Of Knowledge To what extent does the observer effect alter our morals in ethical dilemmas? Real Life Situation Connections Other Examples Table Graffitti Random Acts of Kindness Twitter Psychology What This Shows Us Lucifer Effect "No one else did the
homework, why should I?" Understanding the Observer Effect- TOK Terms Key Concepts of
Human Sciences Non-TOK Supporting Terms Supporting Knowledge Humans act differently when under observation

Verstehan effect


Special pleading

Morals Broken window theory

Law of few

Power of context

The tipping point

Peer pressure Humans act differently when under observation
Sense of entitlement involved with all decisions; self interest theory
Verstehen effect
Underlying reasons for actions
Cannot be based solely off of observation
Humans have free will and act differently in different situations
Stress is an influencing factor in decision making Special Pleading

Human desire to conform


Knowledge hindrance Developed by Dr. Philip Zimbardo

Ordinary or "good" people have the ability to become "evil"

Prison experiment

Man with a gun Want to fit in socially and be like everyone else

Social learning theory

Self-interest theory

Contagious examples from "The Tipping Point" Only took one person to draw on the table Small action= big effect

Kind words, smiles, etc. Preconceived notion that it is true Examining human behavior when observer effect is in place and how our morals are compromised because of it. Real Life Example Homework Assignment Completion History "Little Things Make a Big Difference." Counter Argument Conclusion Observer effect and contagiousness

Ability to obtain hindered

Malcolm Gladwell

Examples and justification Movie Example-
"Christmas Angel" " I wish that owner would take care of that house so that it didn't invite so much trouble to it." Not everyone is affected by that one small thing. The Individual Broken windows

Moral shift in different situations Refute Affects enough of the population

Affects others in the future

Unintentional effect Beginning World War I Serbian Nationalist Gabriel Princip assassinates Austria-Hungarian Archduke Franz Ferdinand

Austria-Hungary convinces Germany to declare war Counter Other events would inevitably lead to an international conflict Overall The small things may not be the root cause for a certain event but they have the potential to "spark the powder keg".
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