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Occupational Health Nursing

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by

Anne Lindsay

on 27 October 2013

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Transcript of Occupational Health Nursing

Occupational Health Nursing
History
Industrial Revolution: Ada Mayo Stewart & Betty Moulder
Workers’ Compensation
American Association of Occupational Health Nurses (1942)
Occupational Safety and Health Act (1970)
Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA)
National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH)
Scope of Practice
Occupational Health Nursing is an autonomous specialty. The broad scope of their duties includes:
worker/workplace assessment
health promotion
primary care
management/administration
business & finance skills
research
Industrial Revolution
Nurses visit sick employees at home and provide emergency care on the job site. They combat the spread of infectious diseases like tB,
address health-related problems resulting from labor shortages
during WWI and cut costs rising from new workers’ comp. legislation
Worker's Compensation
States provide wages & medical benefits to employees who are injured while working in exchange for the employee sacrificing the right to sue the employer for the tort of negligence.
AAOHN
"Ensure[s] that occupational and environmental health nurses are seen as the authority on health, safety, productivity and disability management for worker populations."
OSHA
Works at the federal level to set and enforce protective workplace safety and health standards. Provides information, training, and assistance to employers and workers. Established the Hazard Communication Standard (the "right to know" law).
NIOSH
Conducts research to predict, prevent, and address emerging problems that arise from dramatic changes in the 21st Century workplace and workforce. Make recommendations to prevent worker injury and illness.
OHN's
Independently observe and assess employee's health status with respect to job tasks and hazards. They recognize and prevent health effects from hazardous exposures and treat workers' injuries/illnesses.
HOST
Employees
Employees' Families
Employees' Friends
ENVIRONMENT
External Factors that influence
host-agent interactions
Physical
Geological
Atmospheric
Social
Technology
AGENT
Workplace Hazards
Biological
Chemical
Ergonomic
Physical
Psychosocial
The Epidemilogic Triad
Healthy People 2020
Identify nationwide health improvement priorities.
Increase public awareness and understanding of the determinants of health, disease, and disability and the opportunities for progress.
Provide measurable objectives and goals that are applicable at the national, State, and local levels.
Engage multiple sectors to take actions to strengthen policies and improve practices that are driven by the best available evidence and knowledge.
Identify critical research, evaluation, and data collection needs.
Topics & Objectives
http://www.healthypeople.gov/2020/topicsobjectives2020/default.aspx
Adolescent Health
Blood Disorders & Safety
Dementias; Including Alzheimer's Disease
Early & Middle Childhood
Genomics
Global Health
Healthcare-Associated Infections
Health-Related Quality of Life & Well-Being
Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, &Transgender Health
Older Adults
Preparedness
Sleep
Social Determinants of Health
Leading Health Indicators
Access to Health Services
Clinical Preventive Services
Environmental Quality
Injury and Violence
Maternal, Infant, and Child Health
Mental Health
Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity
Oral Health
Reproductive and Sexual Health
Social Determinants
Substance Abuse
Tobacco
Occupational Health History
Current and Past Jobs with details about tasks
Current and Past Exposures to specific agents
Lifestyle Factors (ex. smoking, pre-existing conditions, disabilities)
Workplace Assessment
Work processes and materials
Requirements of each job title
Presence of known or potential hazards
Work practices of employees
Occupational Nursing
Did you Pay Attention?
Which of the following is not a responsibility of the Occupational Health and Safety Administration (OSHA)?

A. Enforcing regulations and standards.

B. Supervising training and education programs.

C. Requiring employers to keep records of workplace injuries and illness.

D. Conducting research in the workplace.
Disaster Planning and Management
SARA - The Superfund Amendment and Reauthorization Act
Requires written disaster plans be shared with community agencies
Goal: Prevent/Minimize injuries & deaths of workers, Minimize damage to facilities, and Provide effective triage while facilitating essential business activities.
One More Question
The Hazard Communication Standard, established by OSHA:

A. Requires worksites with toxic agents to provide material safety data sheets (MSDS)

B. Requires employers to reimburse employees for work time-associated illness or injury

C. Requires research to recommend acceptable levels of exposures to hazardous materials

D. Requires maintenance of a database of work-related injuries
Full transcript