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Photography Composition Guidelines

10 Composition Guidelines

Aimee Zvinakis

on 1 February 2016

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Transcript of Photography Composition Guidelines

10 Composition Guidelines
in Photography

1. Choose a Center of Interest or Focal Point
Decide what the most important thing in your photo is and make it stand out somehow. This could be through...
Change in size
3. Simplicity can be your best friend
By isolating your objects, you
ensure that what is important is noticed.
Sometimes "less is more".
2. Ensure that your background and
foreground stay separate
4. Create a strong
(Leading Lines)

Use lines to guide your viewer
throughout your work of art. These
could be actual lines or implied lines.
Repetition, contrasting edges, etc...
can create implied lines.
Diagonal lines that run from the
edge of your work
(but not from the corner)
create a sense of movement
and often are the most interesting
kinds of lines.
7. The Rule of Thirds
The 4 "hot spots" in your
composition is where your eye
naturally is attracted to. Typically, this
is where you want your focal point to be.
9. Pay close attention to your framing
Using something in the foreground
that surrounds your focal point will
help the viewer to focus on the center
of interest.
By making this framing less detailed, such as with a duller color or lower value, you make the focal point stand out even more.
5. Point of view
A normal point of view is not necessarily the
best point of view for a subject. Experimenting
with angles and viewpoints of your subject can
really enhance your work and make it "pop"!
6. Pay attention to how you use your space
(positive and negative)

If something in the work is supposed to
be moving, give them room in the composition
to move into.
If there is a subject that appears to
be looking at something outside of the
picture frame, give space for them to look
8. Rule of Odds
In general, odd numbers of
subjects are more interesting
than even numbers.
1, 3, 5, etc...
10. Never Kiss the Frame
When objects just touch or nearly touch
the edges of a composition, it creates tension
in the viewer.
Place objects either completely
inside the frame or have them come off of the edges to create an open composition.
The outline of the subject should not touch the edge of the picture frame.
*Watch that things in the background
do not look like they are growing out
of your subject.

*Avoid things that seem to line up and try to make sure that the background and objects are not the same color or value.
Value Contrast

Try theses guidelines out alone and combined and see if they help your photography.

Remember, NEVER mindlessly follow "rules", always keep thinking!!!

Good luck and have fun!
The human eye tends to wander to the center of a group.

With even number of objects, the eye will end up at the negative space in the center.

With an odd number of objects, the eye will end up on the object placed in the center.
(outline touching the frame edges)
Full transcript