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How did the Battle at Vicksburg effect the Civil War?

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acelyn brattin

on 26 March 2014

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Transcript of How did the Battle at Vicksburg effect the Civil War?

Vicksburg effects:
The Battle of Vicksburg effected the Civil War because the Union got full control of the Mississippi river therefore taking over and shutting down the confederates trade, transportation, and military/fortifications.
What was the Battle of Vicksburg?
"Vicksburg is the key. The war can never be brought to a close until the key is in our pocket."-President Abe Lincoln. The union wanted full control of the Mississippi river because they knew that was the Confederate's main source of supplies.
Military/Fortifications
The Battle of Vicksburg effected the Confederates military a lot because most of the forts and troops were at Vicksburg when General Pemberton surrendered. At Vicksburg there was 6,000 casualties and after they surrendered they were forced to stack their guns, giving the Union 172 artillery pieces (large guns and weapons such as cannons)and 60,000 muskets
Trade
Most of the Confederates trade was transported on the Mississippi river. It was hard for the South to get good supplies, now it's going to be even harder.
Transportation
Works Cited
Black, James D. "Confederate Army." American History Online. Facts On File News Services, 2010. Web. 24 Mar. 2014.
The Civil War Society. Civil War Battles: An Illustrated Encyclopedia. New York: Gramercy, 1999. Print.
Gervase, Samantha H. "Mississippi River During the Civil War." American History Online. Facts On File News Services, 2010. Web. 24 Mar. 2014.
Historical Data Systems Inc. "Vicksburg, Miss Siege of May 18th-July 4th 1863." American Civil War Research. Alexander Street Press. LLC, 1997-2014. Web. 21 Mar. 2014.
Kent, Zachary. The Civil War: "a House Divided" Hillside, NJ, U.S.A.: Enslow, 1994. Print. American War Ser.
Phillips, David L. Crucial Land Battles. New York, NY: Metro, 1996. Print. Civil War Chronicles.

Union Wins
On July 4, 1863 General John C. Pemberton's troops surrendered. And the Union finally had full control of the Mississippi.
Conclusion:
Since the Union got full control of the Mississippi River it basically shut down the Confederate trade, transportation, and most of it's military/fortification.
Battle of Vicksburg
How Did the Battle of Vicksburg effect the Civil War?
Since the Union had full control of the Mississippi they had the "heart" of the confederate territory. The Confederate was cut in half by the Mississippi and they couldn't transport anything to their allies and everything was already running low.
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