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Epinephrine: The Deadly Decision Maker

The Journey through Romeo's Brain in the Events of Mercutio's Death
by

Dylan Tarter

on 4 June 2014

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Transcript of Epinephrine: The Deadly Decision Maker

I am the hypothalamus. I produces hormones that govern body temperature, thirst, hunger, sleep, circadian rhythm (internal clock), moods, and the release of other hormones in the body. These other hormones includes the release of epinephrine(adrenaline).

Epinephrine is released by the adrenal gland on the kidney, and acts as the body's natural protection response.

Work Cited/ Works Consulted

Bennington, Venessa. "Understanding Our Adrenal System: Epinephrine (Adrenaline)."
Breaking Muscle: web.
Bennington, Venessa. "Understanding Our Adrenal System: Norepinephrine."
Breaking Muscle: web.
Brogaad, Berit. "What Happens During an Adrenaline Rush?"
LIVESTRONG.COM.LIVESTRONG.COM, 16 Aug. 2013. Web. 18 May 2014. "Stress: "Your brain and body." youramazingbrain. Web. 18 May 2014.
<http://www.youramazingbrain.org/brainchanges/stressbrain.htm>
"You & Your Hormones." You & Your Hormones. Oct.-Nov. 2013. Web. 20 May 2014.
Green, Hank. Crash Course.
—. Crash Course. 10 September 2012. 22 May 2014 <
Dylan Tarter
1a) "[Adrenaline] is produced by the adrenal medulla and the central nervous system and is a major component of the "flight or fight" response"(Bennington 4).
1b)"Staying thine to keep him company. Either thou or I,or both, must go with him"(Shakespeare III.i.122-123).
CM 1) After Mercutio was killed by Tybalt, Romeo's adrenaline caused him to choose fight rather than flight. Due to his anger towards Tybalt, his adrenal is most likely at a very high consntration, causeing him to make a decision quickly, even if it is not the wisest decision.
CM 2) Mercucio's death was one of the many stressors that contributed to Romeo's irregularly elevated adrenaline levels.
3a) "Adenaline binds to the receptors on the heart, arteries, pancreas, liver, muscles, and fatty tissue"(Brogarrd 1).
3b)"Stand not amazed. The Prince will doom thee death If thou art taken. Hence, be gone, away!"(Shakespeare III.i.127-128).
CM 3) Benvolio as well as all of the other bystanders were amazed at Romeo's feat of killing Tybalt. Benvolio urges Romeo to leave the scene with haste .
4a) "It can also affect the brain in negative ways. Continuous heightened levels of stress hormones can lead to a shrinkage of the hippocampus, the brain's main memory center"(Brogarrd 1).
4b)"Thou, wretched boy, that didst consort him here, Shalt with him hence"(Shakespeare III.i.124-125).
CM 4) Tybalt is a skilled fighter and Romeo is clearly outmatched. Even knowing this, Romeo's mind was being greatly affected by the adrenaline, causing him to make poor choice and to disregard what would happen if he kills Tybalt. Romeo attacks Tybalt in pure rage and kills Tybalt however, Benvolio and onlookers know that the Prince will punish Romeo for this murder.
5a) "Without [the] balance we develop problems involving our moods, energy levels(adrenal fatigue), blood preasure, and more."(Bennington 3).
5b)"There on the ground, with his own tears made drunk"(Shakespeare III.iii.83).
CM 5) At this point, Romeo has finished using his adrenaline in order to kill Tybalt and is feels fatigue and regret. This is partially due to the amount of energy it took in order to overcome Tybalt's skilled swordsmanship.
6a) "nor epinephrine, in the right amounts and at the right time, is essential for optimal mental and physical health"(Bennington 2).
6b) "Romeo, away, be gone! The citizens are up, and Tybalt slain"(Shakespeare III.i.126-127).
CM 6) Benvolio realizes that the Prince will punish Romeo so, he tells him to leave immediately. This did not occur to Romeo because he was not thinking correctly due to his massive surge of adrenaline. It took bystander of the fight to bring Romeo to his senses and allow him to be more focused.


How did Romeo's Brain prove adrenaline to work?
Example 1:
"depression, anxiety, blood pressure problems, heart rate issues, and many others illnesses can [contribute] to the deregulation of norepinephrine production"(Bennington).
"Now, Tybalt, take the 'villian' back again/ That late thou givest Mercutio's slain (III. i. 116-123)".
Example 2:
"Foods high in Phenylalanine include MEAT, fish, and some dairy" (Bennington).
"Is very good MEAT in Lent (II.iv. 125-130)".
Example 3:
nonepinephrine "will regulate the release of more [or less hormones] in order to maintain or return homeostasis" (Bennington).
"For now, these hot days, is the mad blood stirring (III. i. 4)".
Example 4:
"loud noises, bright lights, higher temperatures, [anticipating] a hard work out or lift [activates adrenaline]"(Bennington).
"The day is hot, the Capels are abroad (III. i. 2)".
Romeo, as discussed by his previous mourning over Rosaline, left him in depression, and his new found love he has had no rest loving, therefore having sleep deprivation. The "illnesses" that romeo has affect his judgement and adrenaline production. Hence the over reaction of Romeo after the death of Mercutio.
Phenylalanine, the material used in the body to create and regulate adrenaline, is found in meats and cheeses. These foods are most likely eaten in Romeo's time and city. Therefore his adrenaline levels can be very high.
Romeo's body must maintain Homeostasis, the process of maintaining a consistent body temperature. Adrenaline can be released into the body to help this process. On hot days the body must maintain homeostasis in a more strained manner, especially in the layers of clothing the people wore at the time. So Romeo is having more nonepinephrine released into his system, causing even worse decisions to be made.
High temperatures like on hot days are ways for adrenaline to be released into the body. Although instead of giving a burst of short energy, it is a constant strain upon one's body. Most people know this effect as bloodlust, and it is the process of wanting to fight, and or kill, something or someone. Since the day is hot we can assume that everyone's decisions in this scene are being made in part by adrenaline, resulting in little to no thought of a future consequence.
Examples
Example 5
"'Thou, wretched boy, that didst consort him here/ Shalt with him hence/ this shall determine that (III.i. 124-126)"'.
"flight or fight [causes the body to be] ready to handle stress by increasing heart rate, blood pressure, and the ability of the heart to pump blood efficiently" (Bennington 4).

Beginning to fight, Romeo's body begins send adrenaline around the body. All of it powering his muscles and allow for quick reactions to each attack Tybalt sends forth. Without the adrenaline, Romeo would be killed rather than Tybalt, who is a much better fighter than Romeo.
Example 6
"'Romeo, away, be gone!/ The citizens are up, and Tybalt slain./ Stand not amazed. The Prince will doom thee death/ If thou art taken. Hence be gone, away (III.i.127-129)'''.
Fight-or-flight is a response controlled by adrenaline. It allows the body to free itself from a rough situation by fleeing or defending (Bennington).

With all the citizens coming Romeo uses his adrenaline to run away. Adrenaline helps you in a fight, but also in fleeing so the adrenaline helped him flee before everyone came.
Example 7
"O Romeo, Romeo, brave Mercutio is dead!/ That gallant spirit hath aspired the clouds,/ which too untimely here did scorn the earth (III.i. 110-113)".
What causes the release of adrenaline is "Perceived and actual stressors" (Bennington 4).


The stress of Romeo causing Mercutio's injury, and now being told that Mercutio is dead, likely caused the release of more adrenaline into Romeo's body. Then Romeo seeing Tybalt, likely further stresses and angers him, further encouraging the release of adrenaline.
And how it affects Romeo's brain during the events of Act III, Scene i, of Shakespeare's Tragedy, Romeo and Juliet.
Epinephrine: The Deadly Decision Maker
What is epinephrine?
And the answer is...
Where does it go in the brain?
What is this part of the brain responsible for?
I need you to choose which CDs and their CMs Best support our Thesis. Then I need you to transfer them into Shakespeare's Eyeball
I got to go! I will be back: so do this:
Narrow it down to maybe 4 pairs, but don't delete the others, just make it obvious which ones you chose


The Hypothalamus
Responsible for Hormone Production that maintains/controls:
Homeostasis
Thirst and Hunger
Internal Clock
Sleep
Moods
Adrenaline
And others
Adrenaline
Romeo is affect by adrenaline naturally, now lets have CrashCourse explain a little more about adrenaline
What does this tell us:
Romeo has a ton of potential for adrenaline to be released into his system
Romeo could not have easily avoided the situation under his circumstances.
Romeo is still guilty of murdering Tybalt, but was given a fair sentence, because of his brain going against his better judgement
As the concepts of some were still used, or repeated in other words in other articles.
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