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Dickens - David Copperfield
Transcript of Dickens - David Copperfield
reign Foundations of
empire Queen Victoria's Public Image and Impact on Society Constitutional monarchy
Queen Victoria's reign began when she was 18
Her reign was the beginning of one that would see dramatic change in many aspects of life and work Ideals:
Sunday was a time of rest
People copied the way that the Royal family lived
It was workdays which boosted the economy and funded a family's needs Travel and communication Faster travel was made possible with the invention of the steam train (steam-powered machinery provided a huge boost to the overall economy) Monetary system 12 pence = 1 shilling
In today's society
1 shilling = 5 pounds
1kg carrots: 71 pounds
Paper notes were introduced, but people rejected them at first
There was a decline in the use of gold and silver in currency.
Banks started issuing their own currencies which caused widespread panic Farming and industry Farming increased with the invention of steam-powered machinery
Many moved from the country to towns The Industrial Revolution Began in the mid 18th Century and ended in the mid 19th Century
Coal, iron and steel made the industrial revolution possible
Between the 1750-1900, the rapid growth of population created a huge demand for food resources, clothing essentials and housing
The development of steam machinery had a dramatic effect Sunday was a time of rest.
Women would have many children because the mortality rate was extremely high
Ladies who lived in grand houses could usually play the piano and sing
Furniture was highly decorated in rich homes David Copperfield Quote from "David Copperfield" "Annual income twenty pounds, annual expenditure nineteen and six, result happiness. Annual income twenty pounds ought and six, result misery." -- Mr Micawber, "David Copperfield" by Charles Dickens What Mr Micawber meant Twenty pounds (100 shillings) was an income for those above the working class
Here, Mr Micawber is teaching his son the rule of happiness in life Weekly wages:
Adults: 25 shillings
Children: 5 shillings or less Rich people:
Were looked after by a nanny
Went to school
Were uneducated or went to 'ragged school'
Children often had to work for the family to survive Poor people
Lived in cramped conditions; often with 1 or 2 families sharing one room
No running water
Toilets were located outside for the whole street to share
Sturdier and larger houses
More developed technology
Decorated their house in the latest styles and trends
Had running water and later on, electricity instead of candles "A loving heart was better and stronger than wisdom" David Copperfield Ch.9 "I live on broken wittles- and I sleep on the coals" David Copperfield Ch.5 Edward Oxford, along with seven other attempts, were desiring an assassination with a number of individual dislikes.
She transformed the standing of the monarchy, its image and reputation
The development of factories, railways and machines are evidence of her significant impact on the reputation and evolution of Britain and the dominating empire. http://www.xtranormal.com/watch/5856417/charles-dickens-talk-show References Kramer, A.K, 2003. Victorians. Paperback ed. Great Britain: Dorling Kindersley
Sharman, M.S, 1997. The Victorian Years. 3rd ed. London: Evans Brothers
Money Reform Party. 2005. History of Money - About Money - Money - Money Reform Party. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.moneyreformparty.org.uk/money/about_money/history_of_money.php#banks_begin. [Accessed 18 October 12].
Mandy Barrow. 2010. The Industrial Revolution. [ONLINE] Available at: http://www.primaryhomeworkhelp.co.uk/victorians/industrialrevolution.html. [Accessed 18 October 12].