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United States History Timeline
Transcript of United States History Timeline
Uncle Tom’s Cabin published (March 20, 1852)
Uncle Tom’s Cabin, by Harriet Beecher Stowe was published. The novel changed many Northerners’ views on slavery and helped escalate the tension between the North and South.
A bill passed on May 30, 1854 that created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska. The act was designed by Senator Stephen A. Douglas. The act allowed the people of Kansas and Nebraska to vote if slavery would be allowed in either territory. This event escalated the tension between the North and South.
1861-1865 war following succession of the southern states from the union. Slaves were freed as a result of this war. ended after the battle at appomattox court house and the surrender of robert e lee’s forces. Five days later, Abraham lincoln is assassinated.
An executive order given by Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863. This order gave all slaves of the rebelling states their freedom.
Gettysburg, Pennsylvania was the setting of the Civil War’s deadliest battle. More people died in this battle than any other during the Civil War. The battle lasted three days, from July 1-3, 1863, and ended with the Union victorious. After this battle was fought Lincoln gave one of most famous speeches, The Gettysburg address.
(February 8, 1887)
The Dawes Act, passed February 8, 1887, was created with the purpose of assimilating the Native Americans into American Society. The act would split up the Reservations and give 160 Acres of the land to each Native American head of household. In the end, the act failed to reach its goal.
Plessy VS. Fergusson
1896 Homer Plessy was arrested for sitting in the white railroad car designated for whites only. Even by Plessy’s Genetics he was ⅞ White and ⅛ Colored, he was still required to sit in the colored car. This case gave the idea of separate but equal and was later brought up in the civil rights era. The US Supreme court caught the case and and ruled 7 to 1 for the Louisiana law requiring that the races are separate. But with Plessy being mostly white, the Races were deemed equal.
April 25, 1898 - August 12, 1898, USS Maine “remember the Maine” burned in Havana harbor. War between USA and Spain in the Caribbean rough-riders.
World War 1
1914-1918 ended by treaty of Versailles, referred to as the great war before WWII. began when Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia. allies: France, UK, USA, Russia. axis: Germany, Austria-Hungary. Trench warfare, biplanes/tri-wing,
(October 29, 1929- September 18, 1939) The stock market fell. All money and value disappeared and nobody had any money. Prices of everything dropped, and many lost houses, businesses and most everything they owned during the 1920’s and before.
World War 2
1939-1945 Started by German invasion of Poland, USA became involved after bombing of pearl harbor. ended with invasion of Berlin and the dropping of atomic bombs on Nagasaki and Hiroshima. Allies: Great Britain, France, USSR, USA, china Axis: Germany, Italy, japan. trench warfare, tanks, propeller-driven planes/bombers
1947-1991 tension between USSR and USA, nuclear arms race, ended with Berlin wall taken down, started after end of WWII, USSR controlled east Berlin, made wall to prevent germans from fleeing to western, us controlled Berlin. escape communism
One of the first major international crises of the Cold War. During the multinational occupation of post–World War II Germany, the Soviet Union blocked the Western Allies' railway, road, and canal access to the sectors of Berlin under Allied control. Their aim was to force the western powers to allow the Soviet zone to start supplying Berlin with food, fuel, and aid, thereby giving the Soviets practical control over the entire city.In response, the Western Allies organized the Berlin airlift to carry supplies to the people in West Berlin.Aircrews from the United States Air Force, the British Royal Air Force, the Royal Australian Air Force, the Royal New Zealand Air Force, and the South African Air Force flew over 200,000 flights in one year, providing up to 4700 tons of necessities daily, such as fuel and food, to the Berliners.
June 6th, 1944 or also known as “Doomsday” The Doomsday operation the day in World War II on which Allied forces invaded northern France by means of beach landings in Normandy. Conducted by the 1st British Airborne Division in May 1945 during the occupation ally of Norway, immediately after the victory in Europe, in order to maintain order and supervise the surrender of German forces in Norway.
Roe vs Wade
Argued: December 13, 1971 --- Decided: January 22, 1973
A pregnant woman addressed by the pseudonym Jane Roe, challenged the constitutionality of the Texas criminal abortion laws which outlawed having an abortion except for the purpose of saving the mother’s life. Supreme court ruled abortions during the first trimester of pregnancy to be legal for all women in the United States which is still a debatable topic today.
The Cotton Gin was a machine that automated the separation of cottonseed from the cotton fiber which was invented by Eli Whitney in April of 1793. It could produce fifty pounds of cotton each day and revolutionized the cotton industry in the United States.
United States History Timeline
Native American Plains War
1622-1924 intermittent fighting during this period between native americans and Great Britain and colonists. after the revolutionary war, fighting continued with the united states.
First Industrial Revolution
1720- 1840 The first industrial revolution was the time of industrial expansion. During this time most all the new inventions led to newer more advanced discoveries and inventions. Textiles were the main focus of the first industrial revolution.
Boston Tea Party
The Boston Massacre caused some of the taxes on certain items to be repealed but the tax on tea was not. In order to protest, a group of Massachusetts Patriots disguised as Native Americans took 342 chests of tea sent by the East India Company and threw them into the harbor on December 16, 1773. This led to the start of the American Revolution.
Lexington and Concord
This was a street fight on March 5, 1770 between a patriot mob and British soldiers before the Revolutionary War. The British fired into a crowd killing five civilian men. This event convinced Parliament to repeal the Townshend Acts which were small duties on all imported glass, paper, lead, paint, and tea.
This was a conflict between the thirteen colonies and the British on April 19, 1775. The battle at Lexington was the beginning of the American Revolution and the first shot was called “The shot heard around the world”. The Americans had fled from Lexington and the British marched to Concord where they searched for hidden weapons. Americans waited on the outskirts of Concord as their numbers grew. The Americans defeated the British troops who then retreated back to Boston.
1775-1783 war fought between the colonies of America and Great Britain. Colonists were unpleased that they were being taxed by the British government without representation and revolted against the British. The war ended after the surrender of General Cornwallis, which was soon after followed by the signing of the Treaty of Paris in 1783.
Declaration of Independence
This is one of the most important documents written in American History written by Thomas Jefferson. It announced that the thirteen American colonies regarded themselves as independent states, no longer part of the British empire. Independence of our nation became official on July 4, 1776.
Battle of Yorktown
General George Washington was the commander of a force of 17,000 French and American troops against 9,000 British troops in Yorktown, Virginia on September 28 to October 19, 1781. This was the most important battle of the Revolutionary War. The French and American troops won and the Treaty of Paris was signed which formally recognized the United States as an independent nation after eight years of war.
Cotton Gin invented
Marbury vs. Madison
1803 This was the first supreme court case to use judicial review. In the weeks after John Adams lost his re-election to Thomas Jefferson. Marbury filed for a writ of Mandamus, wanting the secretary of state James Madison to deliver the things of Jefferson’s that were not delivered according to a few informants. With Fingers pointed at Adams and the circumstances reviewed, the writ was denied because it was unconstitutional under the Judiciary Act of 1789. This case established the basis of judicial review.
The United States purchased a large amount of land from France in 1803 which spanned from the Mississippi River, to the Rocky Mountains, and from the Gulf of Mexico to the Canadian border.
War of 1812
1812-1815 war fought by the United States and Britain, resolving many unsettled results after the Revolutionary War. The British captured American sailors and forced them to join royal navy. The Star Spangled Banner was written during the bombardment of Fort McHenry by the British.
This compromise was an agreement put forth by Henry Clay in 1820 which allowed Missouri to enter the Union as a slave state and Maine to enter as a free state. This compromise also split the Louisiana Territory into a north and south area. The north was to be considered anti-slavery and the south was pro-slavery.
In 1828, the first telegraph in the United States was invented by Harrison Dyar. A telegraph is a system used for transmitting messages through electrical impulses using Morse code which made long distance communication much easier.
Tom Thumb invented
The first American-built steam locomotive used on a common carrier railroad. It was invented by Peter Cooper in 1830. This revolutionized the means of travel and transportation.
Indian Removal Act / Trail of Tears
In the early 1830s, many Native Americans lived in the southeastern United States where they had been living for decades. Towards the late 1830s when the Indian Removal Act began, they were forced to move to specific “Indian Territory” which was located across the Mississippi River. This long and dangerous journey was called the Trail of Tears due to it’s devastating effects.
Dred Scott Decision
In 1846, Dred Scott sued for John Emerson for his freedom. When Missouri was declared a free state, where Scott lived. Scott demanded to have his freedom and Emerson refused. So it was take to the court where Emerson soon died. Scott sued for his freedom again and won. He was free for a while and then the cas was taken to Missouri supreme Court. The supreme court overruled the decision earlier decided by the lower court and he was kept a slave.
(1846-1848) War fought over Texas between America and Mexico. caused by the failure by Mexico to recognize Texas as the 28th state of the Union. United States forces captured Mexico City and gained the Texas territory.
Seneca Falls Convention (July 19-20, 1848)
The first women’s rights convention in the Western world to be organized by women. Took place in Seneca Falls, New York.
Compromise of 1850 (September 9-20, 1850)
The Compromise of 1850 was a set of 5 bills passed between September 9-20. The five bills were
• California would be admitted to the Union as a free state
• Texas lost the New Mexico territory, and was given $10 million in return
The slave trade in Washington D.C. was abolished
A new Fugitive Slave Act was passed
New Mexico and Utah were allowed to vote on whether or not slavery was legal
(1865-1877) This took place after the civil war. Purpose was to reconstruct America after Southern States were able to reconstruct. Confederates swore loyalty to union and help pay off war debt. Though only some states were able to reconstruct as others seemed to not like the idea of working with the Union.
(May 10, 1869)
The Transcontinental Railroad ran from Sacramento, California to Omaha, Nebraska. The Central Pacific and Union Pacific Railroad companies started from either side and raced toward each other until they finally met at Promontory, Utah on May 10, 1869 where the railroad was completed.
Second Industrial Revolution
1870- 1914 Also known as the Technological Revolution. The Second Industrial Revolution is when oil was highly demanded. More and More people went to when the money was which was the oil industry. Most of these companies were bought out by Standard Oil, Run by John D. Rockefeller. Rubber, Iron Steel and more substances at this point are now being used more and more.
December 7th, 1941 “a date which will live in infamy” On December 7, 1941, the Japanese surprise attacked Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. President Franklin D. Roosevelt dubbed the attack as 'a date which will live in infamy,' and he couldn't have predicted it better. 71 years later, Americans vividly remember what happened on that fateful day …
The Yalta Conference
1945 took place in a Russian resort town in the Crimea from February 4–11, 1945, during World War Two. At Yalta, U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and Soviet Premier Joseph Stalin made important decisions regarding the future progress of the Pacific War and the postwar world.
McCarthyism is the practice of making accusations of disloyalty, subversion, or treason without proper evidence. During this era in the 1950s, many Americans were accused of being Communists. The Red Scare was the fear of Communism during this era.
(1950-1953) North Korea invaded south with support by China and Soviets with the intention of spreading Communism to South Korea. United States steps in with UN and Great Britain to prevent this. During the war, borders of South Korea and North Korea fluctuate and settle around the 38th parallel. The border of these two countries is separated by a demilitarized zone 2.5 miles across. Fighting never officially ceased, and tensions around the border are still high.
Brown vs. Board of Education - 1954
African American children were not allowed to attend the white schools in Topeka Kansas. The basis of this case was that black or colored schools. This overturned that segregation didn’t also mean lesser the whites, the court ruled that they were indeed, unequal.
(1956-1975) North Vietnam, governed by Communism wishes to coalesce with South Vietnam and create a communist state. United States steps in and gives aid to South Vietnam. North Vietnam is aided by Soviet Union, China and North Korea.
Miranda VS. Arizona
1966 While walking home from work, in Pheonix, Arizona, was kidnapped and raped. The girls name was not revealed to the public. Ernesto Miranda was accused after being picked out in a line-up. Miranda voluntarily wrote a confession saying he was the one that committed the crime. Miranda was found guilty in an Arizona court. The case was taken to the US Supreme court. Where it was ruled 5 to 4 vote, on the basis that his rights were not properly presented to him when he was arrested and therefore he didn't know his rights.
Mcarthyism (Red Scare)
The Berlin Blockade (June 24, 1948- May 12, 1949
(1990-1999) Iraq invades Kuwait to gain the territory and vast oil reserves. Iraq conquers most of Kuwait, USA sends in large numbers of troops and promptly regains all lost territory. Iraq lights oil wells during retreat
September 11, 2001- Present. As of now the Government is now trying to remove troops from Afghanistan. Most say that the main purpose is for oil and opium. But there is another point to the war some are calling “World War III”. The other purpose is to fight the Taliban which is an Afghan Terrorist group.
Second Iraq War
March 20, 2003- August 18, 2010 The overall purpose was to restrict oil in the Middle East, so therefore the prices of oil would rise. The Second purpose was to remove Saddam Hussein from the dictators position. The war ended when the American combat brigade operations end because to the brigade departing for Kuwait.
Telephone Invented (March 7, 1876)
The telephone was invented and patented by Alexander Graham Bell on March 7, 1876. Bell invented the telephone with the help of his assistant Thomas A. Watson.
Ellis Island Opened (January 1, 1892)
The Ellis Island Immigration Station was opened on January 1, 1892. Ellis Island is located in New York, it is where the Statue of Liberty is situated. Millions of immigrants passed through this station before it closed sixty years later in 1952.
19th Amendment Passed (June 4, 1919)
The 19th Amendment to the United States Constitution was passed on June 4, 1919.
This Amendment gave women the right to vote.
NAACP created (February 12, 1909)
The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People was created on February 12, 1909. Was America’s first and largest civil rights Organization.
Prohibition (January 16, 1920 - December 5, 1933)
The Prohibition was a nationwide ban on the sale, production, importation and transportation of alcoholic beverages in the United States from 1920 to 1933.
African American Civil Rights (1955- 1988)
The purpose was to get civil rights and integration. Said by Martin Luther King Jr., “I have a dream that white boys and black boys and black girls and white girls will once coexist. The famous line you will see in all things related to the Civil Rights Era is “Integration not Segregation” Martin Luther King Jr. assassinated on April 4,1968. The Civil Rights Act was signed by President Lyndon Johnson on July 2, 1964. Most people didn’t agree on this so many still segregated.
French and Indian War
(1754-1763) War between the French, Great Britain, and American Colonies over territory in North America. The war was won by Great Britain and ended with the signing of the Treaty of Paris on February 10, 1763. This agreement granted Great Britain all land east of the Mississippi River.