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Systems of Schooling in Australia
Transcript of Systems of Schooling in Australia
Historical origins of school systems
How it affects teachers (Us!)
The School Market
Activity - Role play
In Groups of 3 or 4, you will be embodying a certain type of school system.
One group will represent a family who is picking a school for their teenage children.
Colonisation - Early 19th C
Education is a "private affair" for the wealthy
The Anglican church had the responsibility to educate the "other" children
First Gov. Schools
"Devoted to social control and reformation of the most unruly groups"
- Campbell (2010)
Divisions and Change
Different religious denominations
Separation of Religion and Education?
Public Instruction Acts and Education Acts
Cut off all state aid to non- government schools
"Greater economic prosperity and industrial advance" - Campbell, 2010
Aboriginal 'natives' (1815)
Generally "Christian-oriented" Curriculum
Predecessor to modern Government schools
Coexisted with denominational schools and private schools
All schooling in the 1860's was not:
Free - Compulsory - Secular
1852 to 1906
Anderson, D. (1992) The Interaction of Public and Private School Systems" in Australian Journal of Education, (pp. 213-234) Australian Council for Education Research
Ashbolt, A. (2010, January 18). Time for a real education revolution. Retrieved September 23, 2013, from The Drum: http://www.abc.net.au/unleashed/28046.html
Ball, S. (2003) Class Strategies and the Education Market: The Middle Class and Social Advantage. London, New York: RoutledgeFalmer
Campbell, C., (2010) "Schools and school Choice" in R.Connell et al., Education Change and Society, (pp. 272-307) Melbourne: Oxford University Press
Jensen, B., Weidmann, B. and Farmer, J. (2013). The Myth of Markets in School Education. Grattan Institute. Retrieved September 23, 2013, from http://grattan.edu.au/static/files/assets/de60db0d/myth_of_markets_in_school_education.pdf
King, I. (2013, May 23). How to negotiate the best pathway. Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved September 23, 2013, from http://ezproxy.library.usyd.edu.au/login?url=http://search.proquest.com/docview/1353539987?accountid=14757
Patty, A. (2008, March 10). White flight from schools: RACIAL DIVIDE HITS CHILDREN - A HERALD INVESTIGATION. Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved September 23, 2013, from http://search.proquest.com.ezproxy1.library.usyd.edu.au/docview/364279318
RSA, (October, 2010) Accessed: 23 September 2013 from: http://www.thersa.org/events/rsaanimate/animate/rsa-animate-changing-paradigms,
Sahlberg, P. (2010) Rethinking accountability in a knowledge society in Journal of Educational Change vol 11. Italy: Springer. pp.45-61.
Vickers, M. (2005) In The Common Good: The Need For a New Approach to Funding Australia's Schools. in Australian Journal of Education vol 49, no 3 (pp. 264-277) Sydney.
Early 20th C
State government involved in Secondary Education
WW2 - Government school system is powerful
Late 20th C
to non-gov Schools
Financial pressures to provide for the
1972 Whitlam Gov provides funding based on
1:54 - 3:23
Where are we now?
Australian Bureau of Statistics - March 2013
Why do I need to know this, and how does it affect me?
How will you market your school?
So Let's Go Shopping
Parents are increasingly being forced into the role of consumers of private services as the growth of diverse schools has created an educational market.
(Connell et al, 2010, p. 287)
The Media Says What?
'1. Find a school that's a good fit with your
2.. Assess whether the school suits the
of your child
3. Choose a school within your
If the family is under great financial stress to pay for education, you might be better off considering a public school then augmenting the experience with other interactions and influences.'
King, I. (2013, May 23). How to negotiate the best pathway. Sydney Morning Herald
It's Your Choice
'Not only have some public schools lost enrolments; they have become
. In pockets of rural and remote NSW, Aboriginal students fill public schools and white students attend Catholic and other private schools in the same town.
Policies of the Howard government and the Liberal state government that had strongly supported
in schooling, including
, had contributed to "
Patty, A. (2008, March 10). White flight from schools: RACIAL DIVIDE HITS CHILDREN - A HERALD INVESTIGATION. Sydney Morning Herald.
But White Flight?
'Middle class flight becomes a self-fulfilling prophecy and the public schools are ultimately
providers for the poorer sections of the working class and the more disadvantaged generally.
means transforming all public schools into schools of excellence, which will require substantial
on infrastructure and teachers. It also means returning private schools to their private status whereby they are dependent solely on private funding.'
Ashbolt, A. (2010, January 18). Time for a real education revolution. The Drum.
Generally supportive of private schooling ...
... But are they changing their tune?
... Or are they just voicing 'our' disillusionment?
And Academics Say
cutting private school fees
increasing the capacity
of high-performing government schools
will do little
to increase school competition and lift student performance.'
Jensen, B., Weidmann, B. and Farmer, J. (2013). The Myth of Markets in School Education. Grattan Institute.
There is a general consensus that a market-based approach to education will have negative implications for the rest of society.
right to choose
has meant that secondary schooling in Australia has become increasingly segregated and unequal.
Increased schools in areas has led to the
duplication of provisions
, reductions in economies of scale and an
increase in per-student costs
Vickers, M. (2005) In The Common Good: The Need For a New Approach to Funding Australia's Schools.
How Is A Market Created?
Policy change/public sector reform
New labour markets
Choice and competition
Ball, S. (2003) Class Strategies and the Education Market. p.19
What are the advantages and disadvantages of creating a school market?
In Groups Discuss:
The Right to Choose
is changing small, personalised schools into larger institutions characterised by opportunity and choice.
Market-like efficiency measures have brought
standards, testing and the race for higher achievement
as measured by these tests to the centre of lives of teachers and students—both in and out of their schools. All these are a threat to
in schools and in their communities.
Around the World
Sahlberg, P. (2010) Rethinking accountability in a knowledge society. Italy. p.47
'white flight' segregation
duplication of resources
increase in per-student costs
institutions based on opportunity
poor quality of education
increased learning gap