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Transcript of Madagascar
Read more: http://www.worldtravelguide.net/country/155/climate/Africa/Madagascar.html#ixzz0mss2tkvG
History The recorded history of Madagascar began in the 7th century when the Bantus established trading posts for trade with Arab merchants along the northwest coast of the island. Madagascar's prehistory began when the first human settlers arrived, which included a large component from Southeast Asia. This explains the range of Malagasy features, which form a mixture of genotypes from both Austronesians and Africans, as well as later Arab, Indian, and European settlers.
Madagascar became known to Europeans after the Age of Discovery. From the 17th century through to the Scramble for Africa, the British and French colonial empires competed for influence in Madagascar. After a brief de facto protectorate period beginning in 1885 the island became a full formal French protectorate in 1890, then a colony in 1896, and gained full independence from France in 1960 in the wake of
Location and flag Landscape The Makira-Masoala Landscape is the largest tracts of intact rainforest remaining in Madagascar, an area of more than 2,500 square miles cradling a vast ocean bay. More than half of the country’s floral diversity is found in these hilly forests, including 60 different species of palms. This pristine area is home to critically endangered species like the Madagascar serpent eagle, the fox-size carnivore known as the fossa, and the silky sifaka, one of the world’s most endangered primates. It’s also the only wild spot to find red-ruffed lemurs, which inhabit Masoala’s tall fruit trees.
Once a part of the African continent, Madagascar drifted into the Indian Ocean more than 100 million years ago. On this isolated island, animals and plants evolved without outside interferences, including that of humans. As a result, Madagascar provides sanctuary for many types of plants and animals that exist nowhere else on Earth. Protecting Makira-Masoala is crucial to maintaining the island’s status as a global hotspot for biodiversity. More than 1 percent of the world’s species reside here
Historical sites There are many historic sites in Madagascar. Not all are located on the island itself. Some are found on the islands located near Madagascar. Many of which have settlements of Indian villages and French settlements. There is also traces of the oldest Catholic church present on the island of Madagascar which has been there since the 17th century.
Economy The economy of Madagascar is overwhelmingly agricultural, largely of a subsistence type; the best farmland is in the east and northwest. The principal cash crops are coffee, vanilla, sugarcane, cloves, and cocoa. The main food crops are rice, cassava, beans, bananas, and peanuts. In addition, large numbers of poultry, cattle, goats, sheep, and hogs are raised. Fishing and forestry are also important.
Transportation The majority of "paved" roads outside the capital can no longer be considered so due to heavy use, erosion and lack of maintenance. Due to excessive rainfall in the regions land slides have depleted roads.
Of local importance only; isolated streams and small portions of Lakandranon' Ampangalana (Canal des Pangalanes) navigated by pirogue. Coastal inter-city transport routes, especially on the West coast