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Transcript of Understanding Picasso
Was a child prodigy whose first words were piz piz (pencil).
Trained by his father from the age of 7 in figure drawing and oil painting.
Attends School of Fine Arts in Barcelona at age 14 where his father also teaches.
At age 16 is sent away to Spain's top art school in Madrid but drops out. In Madrid he sees the work of Diego Velázquez, Francisco Goya, and Francisco Zurbarán and especially admires the works of El Greco.
In 1900 he moves to Paris at the age of 19 and shares an apartment with Max Jacob, a parisian poet and journalist who teaches him French. Much of his work was burnt at this time to keep warm as he was very poor.
By 1905 Picasso was a favourite of American art collector Gertrude Stein
Picasso is credited as the co- founder of cubism, inventor of constructed sculpture, co-inventor of collage as well as working in stage design, printmaking and ceramics.
He is one of the greatest and most influential artists of the 20th century with a vast output of work in an incredible variety of styles.
Picasso died in 1973 at the age of 91. Biography Don José Ruiz y Blasco (1838–1913) Don José Ruiz y Blasco was a painter and professor at schools of Fine arts in La Coruna and Barcelona who specialized in naturalistic depictions of birds and other game.
He was a traditional, academic artist and instructor who believed that proper training required disciplined copying of the masters, and drawing the human body from plaster casts and live models.
When Picasso was 13 his father vowed to give up painting as he felt Picasso had surpassed him when he found him painting over one of Ruiz's unfinished sketches although paintings from later years do exist. Picasso's Father Picasso's early work was influenced by the tuition received by his father and was naturalistic. Early Work Painted during his early years in Paris.
Influenced by a trip through Spain and by the suicide of his friend Carlos Casagemas.
Starting in 1901 he painted several posthumous portraits of Casagemas, e.g La Vie (1903),
Main subjects gaunt mothers with children, prostitutes beggars and the blind and aged. Blue Period Warm oranges and pinks.
Was influenced by his relationship with Fernande Olivier, a model for sculptors and artists in Paris.
Main subjects were circus people, acrobats and harlequins.
The harlequin became a personal symbol for Picasso. Rose Period 1901-1904 1905-1907 It took me four years to paint like Raphael,
but a lifetime to paint like a child.
Quote by Picasso African Influence 1908-1909 Les Demoiselles d'Avignon is perhaps one of his most famous paintings.
The two figures on the right are inspired by African masks.
A key work in the development towards cubism. Developed in association with the artist Braque using monochrome brownish and neutral colors.
Both artists took apart objects and "analyzed" them in terms of their shapes.
Cezanne's work seen as a precursor. Analytic Cubism 1909-1912 The term was coined by Alfred H. Barr, Jr the first director of the Museum of Modern Art, New York in his books on Cubism and Picasso.
One aspect of Synthetic cubism was the invention of COLLAGE where real pieces of paper, musical scores, fragments of newspaper e.t.c are combined with painted surfaces on the picture plane.
Picasso is credited with the creation of the first collage 'Still Life with Chair Caning', created in May of 1912. Synthetic Cubism 1912–1919 'Loaves and bowl of fruit on a table',
Emanuel Hoffman Foundation,
Oeffentliche Museum, Basel. Arlequin,
Left: Pablo Picasso (1881-1973)Head of a Woman, (oil on canvas, 1907)
Right: Dan Mask, www.zyama.com.
The Cubists believed that the traditions of Western art had become exhausted and another remedy they applied to revitalize their work was to draw on the expressive energy of art from other cultures, especially African art.
However, they were not interested in the true religious or social symbolism of these cultural objects, but valued them superficially for their expressive style. They viewed them as subversive elements that could be used to attack and subsequently refresh the tired tradition of Western art.
This inspiration to cross-reference art from different cultures probably came from Paul Gauguin, the French post-impressionist artist, whose paintings and prints were influenced by the native culture of Tahiti and the Marquesas Islands where he spent his final years. http://www.artyfactory.com/art_appreciation/art_movements/cubism.htm Cézanne is said to form the bridge between late 19th century Impressionism and Cubism.
Both Matisse and Picasso are recorded as saying that Cézanne "is the father of us all." Cézanne 1839–1906 Braque 1882 –1963 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Georges_Braque French art critic Louis Vauxcelles first used the term Cubism, or "bizarre cubiques", in 1908 after seeing a picture by Braque.
Influenced by Cézanne, whose works were exhibited in Paris for the first time in post-humous retrospective in September 1907. Georges Braque, 'Houses at l'Estaque' 1917-1927 Neo- Classicism Guitar, 1913 'Still Life with Chair Caning',
1912. Les Demoiselles d'Avignon,
Museum of Modern Art
243,9cm x 233,7cm Science and Charity, 1897 Portrait of the Artist's
Mother, 1896. The old Guitarist, 1903 La Vie (life), 1903 La vie (life),
1903. 1927-1945 Surrealism Figures on a Beach. 1931 Women running
on a beach, 1922 Portrait of Olga in
the armchair,1917 War, Guernica Guernica, 1937 Perhaps Picasso's most famous painting, it was created in response to the bombing of Guernica, in Spain by German and Italian warplanes at the request of the Spanish Nationalist forces, on 26 April 1937, during the Spanish Civil War.
Picasso said about guernica "The Spanish struggle is the fight of reaction against the people, against freedom. My whole life as an artist has been nothing more than a continuous struggle against reaction and the death of art. How could anybody think for a moment that I could be in agreement with reaction and death? ... In the panel on which I am working, which I shall call Guernica, and in all my recent works of art, I clearly express my abhorrence of the military caste which has sunk Spain in an ocean of pain and death." http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Guernica_(painting) Acrobat on a ball,
1905 Garcon with
a pipe, 1905 Paul Cezanne
'Still life with apples
and fruit bowl, 1882. Paul Cezanne
The Village of Gardanne
(Le Village de Gardanne)
1885-1886. Georges Braque
Bird in the Foliage
80.5 x 105 cm
Maeght Collection, Paris