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The Constitution

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Jordan Moore

on 25 September 2014

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Transcript of The Constitution

The Constitution
Jordan Moore and Brianna Halliburton
States the six purposes for government
to form a more perfect union
establish Justice
ensure domestic Tranquility
provide for the common defense
promote the general welfare
Blessing of Liberty and Posterity
Preamble

Congress is made up of Senate and House of Representatives.
have all lawmaking powers
Article I
Executive Branch
Article II
Provides for an executive branch
Headed by President and Vice President
Explains how these leaders are elected
Legislative Branch
Article III
Article IV
Calls for Supreme Court and such lower courts as Congress deems appropriate
also lists the powers of the federal courts and describes the cases that they may hear

Relations among states
Explains the relationship between the states and the nation government.
Article V
Specifies under what conditions the Constitution can be changed.
Amendment Process
Article VI
Article VII
Dealt with practical matters
Stated that the Constitution would take effect when nine states ratified it.
National Supremacy
the national government over rules the state government
"supreme law of the land"

Amendment II
Right to bear arms
Right to have & form a state militia
Amendment I
"Basic Freedoms"
RAPPS
Freedom of religion
Freedom of assembly
Freedom of press
Freedom of petition
Freedom of speech
Amendment III
Amendment IV
Right to protection from troops being quartered in homes during times of peace.
No unlawful/unreasonable Search/Seizure
Warrant require a cause & must be specific
Amendment V
Accused must be indicted by a Grand Jury
Prohibits Double Jeopardy
Cannot be forced to self-incriminate (testify against self)
Right to fair compensation when the government takes your property for public use
Amendment VI
Right to be informed of the charges against you
Right to a speedy and public trial
Right to an impartial jury
Right to face witnesses against you in court
Right to counsel a lawyer
Right to call witnesses in your defense
Amendment VII
Trial by jury in a non-criminal case where value exceeds $20
Amendment VIII
"Protection of the Accused"
Protection against cruel/unusual punishment
Protection against excessive bails and fines
Amendment IX
Unemerated or Unwritten Rights of the People
Guarantees that rights not listed in the Constitution are still protected
Right to Privacy
Amendment X
Gives power to states that is not specifically delegated to the federal government
"Reserved Rights"
Amendment XI

Limits the ability of a person to sue a state
State Immunity or State Protection
Amendment XII
Election of President and Vice President
Electors in Electoral College cast one vote for President and a separate vote for Vice President
The House elects the President, if no candidate gets and electoral majority, each state with 1 vote
The Senate elects the Vice President if no candidate gets an electoral majority.
Amendment XIII
Slavery is illegal/abolished
Amendment XIV
Declares that all citizens are guaranteed equal treatment and protection under the law.
Defines a U.S. citizen as anyone born or naturalized in the U.S.
Amendment XV
Insures black males the right to vote
"Minority right to vote"
Amendment XVI
Grants Congress the power to collect taxes on income.
Amendment XVII
Election of Senators
Amendment XVIII
"Booze is illegal"
Inside of a speakeasy
during the 1920s
Prohibition Era
The sale, making or transportation of
alcohol is ILLEGAL!
The Prohibition Era
lasted only 14 years
Amendment XIX
"Don't
forget
the
ladies!"
Women are granted the right to vote
Isn't it ironic that women are the most important part of society yet they are the last ones granted the right vote?
Amendment XX
Senators are to be elected by the people.
Obama getting sworn in January 20, 2008, and January 20th, 2012
The President and Vice President are sworn
in on January 20th instead of March 4th
Ratified: January 23, 1933
Congress members are sworn in on January 3rd instead of March 4th
Amendment XXI
Good news you can drink again! Now you must be 21 years old to consume, distribute, or manufacture alcohol.
Congress figured out they could tax alcohol sales so they repealed the 18th Amendment
Amendment XXII
No president can serve more than 2 terms (8 years)
Franklin Delano Roosevelt served almost
4 terms, but died from Polio at the end of
his term
FDR and his wife Eleanor are
actually fifth cousins!
Amendment XXIII
Voting rights granted in D.C.
Grants Washington D.C. 3 electors to the electoral college
Amendment XXIV
Amendment XXV
Amendment XXVI
Amendment XXVII
"Stick it to the South"
This amendment helped out African American males because they were poor and poll taxes could only be afforded by the rich white men.
Poll taxes are illegal in federal elections
2 hours after President JFK was assassinated the VP Lyndon Johnson was sworn into presidency on a plane
Establishes a clear succession to the
presidency and vice presidency
Allows a person to sue if the state denies their rights
The age of eligibility for voting was lowered from 21 to 18 during the Vietnam War
The voting age was changed because men were drafted at 18 and could die for the country, but not have a say in who the president was
School systems, drivers' licenses, and marriage are all under state legislature.
"Right of the Accused in Civil Cases"
Congressional pay raises do not take effect until after the net Congressional election
No War... No Troops in your House!
Submitted by Congress to the states in 1789,
and was not ratified until 1992, 202 years, becoming part of the US Constitution
Ratification
Full transcript