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Hinduism- Yoga

World Religions
by

Angelene Woo

on 18 September 2014

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Transcript of Hinduism- Yoga

Karma Yoga
path of action
fulfill dharma
spiritually centered activities
practice nonresistance yet not succumb to evil
Jnana Yoga
path of knowledge
introspection and meditation
experience with supreme being
Modern Yogas
Yoga in Hinduism
Stage 7- Dhyana
"concentrated meditation"
mental and internal aid
uninterrupted meditation
take on qualities of object/gods
Modern Yoga
" Hindu philosophy that prescribes physical and mental disciplines for attaining liberation from the material world and union of the [eternal] self with the Supreme Being ."
Yoga
Origin
Samkhya philosophy- dual natures of the material self and eternal self
Possibly from Aryans
Hatha Yoga
Raja Yoga
SUP Yoga
"The adoption of specific bodily postures...from Hinduism, which is practiced for health and relaxation”

Purpose
Stage 3- Asana
Stage 4- Pranayama
Stage 5- Pratyahara
Stage 6-Dharana
achieve union with God
liberation from ignorance
moksha
Stage 1- Yama
"restraint"
external aid
ethical preparation
"observance"
external aid
ethical preparation
follow rules
know about god(s)
Stage 2- Niyama
"seat"
external aid
physical preparation
union with god
postures
"breath control"
external aid
physical preparation
stabilize rhythm of breathing
"withdrawal"
external aid
control of 5 senses
withdraw attention from environment
"holding on"
mental and internal aid
paying attention to one sole object
beginning of meditation
Stage 8- Samadhi
"self-collectedness"
mental and internal aid
becomes one with God
Three Kinds
Bhakti Yoga
Karma Yoga
Jnana Yoga
Bhakti Yoga
path of devotion
daily devotions- puja
Love and service
improves health and brings joy
further developed through Karma and Jnana Yogas
Hatha Yoga
Raja Yoga
SUP Yoga
popular in the West
for strength, flexibility, bodily relaxation and mental concentration
perfection of the body
aka: Astanga
physical exercises
meditation
direct all attention to God within
Stand Up Paddleboard Yoga
yoga standing on a paddleboard at sea
Same but Different
Sources
"Yoga." Britannica School. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 2014. Web. 17 Sep. 2014. <http://school.eb.com/levels/high/article/77981>.
"Hatha Yoga." Britannica School. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 2014. Web. 17 Sep. 2014. <http://school.eb.com/levels/high/article/39501>.
"Jnana." Britannica School. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 2014. Web. 17 Sep. 2014. <http://school.eb.com/levels/high/article/43678>.
BBC. "Yoga all at sea." BBC News. BBC, 25 July 2014. Web. 17 Sept. 2014. <http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-28373763>.
"Samkhya." Britannica School. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 2014. Web. 17 Sep. 2014. <http://school.eb.com/levels/high/article/65215>.
"Introduction: Four Main Paths." Heart of Hinduism: Four Main Paths. N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Sept. 2014. <http://hinduism.iskcon.org/practice/>.
Vivekananda, Swami. Karma Yoga. Buenos Aires: Editorial Kier, 1987. VIVEKANANDA.NET. 25 Feb. 2007. Web. 17 Sept. 2014.
"Definition of yoga in English:." yoga: definition of yoga in Oxford dictionary (British & World English). N.p., n.d. Web. 17 Sept. 2014. <http://www.oxforddictionaries.com/definit
"yoga." Dictionary.com. Dictionary.com, n.d. Web. 17 Sept. 2014. <http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/yoga?s=t>.
Vivekananda, Swami. Vedanta Philosophy: Jnâna Yoga Part II Seven Lectures.
New York, NY: The Vedânta Society, 1907.
Melis, Andre. "Bhakti Yoga." The Art of Healing 3.24 (2008): 18-20. EBSCO Host. EBSCO Industries, Sept. 2008. Web. 12 Sept. 2014. <http://web.b.ebscohost.com/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=42b290b9-92c3-445b-9d51-a68c17bc60f9%40sessionmgr113&vid=4&hid=124>
Modern Yoga
Traditional Yoga
8 Limbs of Patanjali
Brenda Ng
Angelene Woo
Full transcript