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History Assessment Task 2
Transcript of History Assessment Task 2
One Decade in Focus - 1960's 1961 1962 1963 1965 1964 1966 1969 1968 1967 Please open the box and try to match the items with its particular year. Did you get them right? Lets find out! The rise of the ESKY! A Gauge railway was built allowing passengers to travel from Sydney to Melbourne without changing lines or trains. Australian population hits 11 million The UK band The Beatles, tour Australia for the first time bringing large crowds to venues for concerts. Australia officially gets involved with the Vietnam war and send troops. Decimal currency was introduced into Australia for the first time Prime minister Harold Holt disappears mysteriously at a Victorian beach. Australian tennis player Rod Laver wins first open Wimbledon tournament . First man on the moon, seen by the world via the Parkes radio telescope in Australia.
The Adelaide Festival of Arts :
The Adelaide Festival of Arts is an arts festival held annually in the South Australian capital of Adelaide. It is considered to be one of the world's greatest celebrations of the arts, and is internationally renowned.
Begun in 1960, the Adelaide Festival is held in the autumnal month of March. It is actually made up of several events, but overall features include opera, theatre, dance, classical and contemporary music, cabaret, and new media. 1960 First Adelaide Festival of arts. The rise of the ESKY! :
In 1961, the Australian Malley's company registered the trade mark name of Esky.
This started a major marketing campaign for the australian made, popular refrigerated box.
The portable cooler box that were constructed in the mid-1960s consisted of an insulated box, usually Styrofoam used to transport food and drink.
The outdoor lifestyle that Australians enjoyed added to the popularity of this early insulated cooler and the ice box eventually evolved into the symbol of Australia's love of the outdoors.
Today, Australians generally refer to any insulated cooler box as an Esky. The Gauge Railway from Sydney to Melbourne :
In February 1962, a standard gauge railway between Sydney and Melbourne was opened.
No longer would passengers and freight have to change trains or lines at the Victorian/New South Wales border.
The first train was an express freight train and the Southern Aurora was the first passenger Train, left Sydney for Melbourne 12 April 1962. Aussie population hits 11million:
For the first time the australian population hits 11 million, the australian cencus which did not include aborigines at this point in time predidicted that the australian population reached and was proberly over the 11 million mark.
This was greatly excepted around Australia and the fact that australia has great multicultural mix meant more and more people were coming to australia every day, which meant that the population was increasing rapidly! The Beatles World Tour - Australia :
The year was 1964, and Australia was engulfed by ‘Beatlemania’; The Beatles were coming to Australia!
Thanks to Australian music promoter Kenn Brodziak, who had simply liked the sound of their name, the Beatles visited Sydney, Melbourne, Adelaide and Brisbane. They played to over 200,000 screaming fans. Australia officially get involved in the Vietnam War:
Prime minister Robert Menzies announces that Australia is at war with Vietnam.
On 29 April 1965, Australian Prime Minister Robert Menzies announced that the government had received a request for further military assistance from South Vietnam.
"We have decided...in close consultation with the Government of the United States, to provide an infantry battalion for service in Vietnam." He argued that a communist victory in South Vietnam would be a direct military threat to Australia. "It must be seen as part of a thrust by Communist China between the Indian and Pacific Oceans" he added.
The issue of whether a formal request was made by the South Vietnamese government at this time has been disputed. Australia changes to decimal currency:
The decimal system was initially introduced to Australia as an election promise by then Prime Minister Sir Robert Menzies, on the 14th of February 1966, the Australian Government introduced the decimal system of money.
Pounds, Shillings and Pence (Pennies) were replaced by Dollars and Cents.
In the old system, 12 Pennies made one Shilling, and 20 Shillings made one pound. In the new system 100 Cents made 1 Dollar. Prime Minister Harold Holt disappearance:
Prime Minister Harold Holt's term as Prime Minister was brought to an early and dramatic end in December 1967 when he disappeared while swimming at Cheviot Beach near Portsea, Victoria, and was presumed drowned.
Holt spent 32 years in Parliament, including many years as a senior Cabinet Minister, but was Prime Minister for only 22 months.
Today, Holt is mainly remembered for his somewhat controversial role in expanding Australia's involvement in the Vietnam War, for his famous "All the way with LBJ" quote, and for the sensational circumstances of his death. In the opinion of his biographer Tom Frame, these have tended to obscure the many achievements of Holt's long and distinguished political career. Rod Laver wins the first open era Wimbledon tournament:
Rod Laver is an Australian former tennis player who holds the record for most singles titles won in the history of tennis, with 200 career titles. He was the World No. 1 player for seven consecutive years, from 1964 to 1970.
He is the only tennis player to have twice won the Grand Slam (all four major singles titles in the same year) – first as an amateur in 1962 and second as a professional in 1969.
He was the first player, male or female, to have won the Grand Slam during the open era.
Laver became Wimbledon's first open era champion in 1968, he is an australian sporting hero, and remembered for being inspirational during the 60's and throughout his career! Apollo 11 was the spaceflight which landed the first humans, Americans Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin, on the Moon on July 20, 1969
Broadcast on live TV to a world-wide audience, Armstrong stepped onto the lunar surface and described the event as "one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind." Apollo 11 effectively ended the Space Race
But this could not have happened without the help from australia!
The powerful radiotelescope in Parkes was the only thing that could help NASA in its mission to send a man to the moon.
During the Apollo missions to the moon, the Parkes Observatory was used to relay communication and telemetry signals to NASA, providing coverage for when the moon was on the Australian side of the Earth.
When Buzz Aldrin switched on the TV camera on the Lunar Module, three tracking antennas received the signals simultaneously. They were the 64 metre Goldstone antenna in California, the 26 metre antenna at Honeysuckle Creek near Canberra in Australia, and the 64 metre dish at Parkes.
In the first few minutes of the broadcast, NASA alternated between the signals being received from its two stations at Goldstone and Honeysuckle Creek, searching for the best quality picture, the TV was switched to the Parkes signal.
The quality of the TV pictures from Parkes was so superior that NASA stayed with Parkes as the source of the TV for the remainder of the 2.5 hour broadcast. For a comprehensive explanation of the TV reception of the Apollo 11 broadcast,