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Rosa Parks and her contribution to black equality

History Assessment
by

Methunaa K

on 28 September 2014

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Transcript of Rosa Parks and her contribution to black equality

From One to Many! Rosa Parks and her Contribution to Black Equality About Rosa Parks: What did she do? In Montgomery, Alabama, December 1 st 1955, Rosa Parks sat on a bus in the 'coloured section'. When the bus got crowded, the driver asked her to give up her seat for a white man, she refused, so the bus driver called the police who then arrested her for civil disobedience. This gave other African-Americans the confidence and courage to stand up to white people who were racist towards them. As people heard of this they all refused to use the public buses so they walked or got lifts from friends with cars. This resulted in disorganisation and crowding of the streets, which got them in even more trouble. Rosa Parks thought it was silly, because to start with, she had been told off for sitting on a bus, but now they were being told off for not using the buses. Claudette Colvin was born on September 5th 1939, and nine months before Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white man, Claudette did a similar thing. She was the first person to resist public segregation in Alabama, however she didn't get the publicity that Rosa Parks got, because she was only a teenager and became pregnant while unmarried. This was seen as shameful, so she was looked down on so as not to give the campaign a bad figure head. Rosa Parks was born on February 4th 1913 in Tuskegee, America. She was an African-American civil rights activist. Her day job was working as a seamstress. She was married to Raymond Parks. Rosa Parks is most well known for her actions in the Montgomery Bus Boycott on the 1st of December 1955. She was an inspiration to others and will be for generations to come, because she stood up for what she believed in and said no to inequality, even though she knew the consequences would be severe. Who was Claudette Colvin and what did she do? How did Claudette Colvin influence Rosa Parks and her decisions? Everyone looked up to her for her defiance, it took a lot of courage and determination to do what Rosa did, and it made her race proud, so much so that they all gradually began to stand up for themselves and play their part in gaining civil rights for all black men. African-Americans began to start other boycotts in other states of America, because they thought, ‘If she can do it, why can’t we?’. Rosa Parks gave them confidence and a sense of purpose, they could do this. And they did do it. The Montgomery Bus Boycott What was it? The Montgomery Bus Boycott began in 1955, after Rosa Parks was arrested, and it lasted for 381 days. Lots of African-Americans were involved in this because they all wanted the right to be treated as equals. The Woman’s Political Council handed out up to 25,000 leaflets promoting the boycott, asking everyone to stay off the buses and refuse if they were asked to use the buses. This was very difficult for the bus company, because it meant that no one was paying to use their buses, so they were earning very little money because the African-Americans were the main users of this public transport. The aim of the boycott was to at least stop segregation on the buses, and it worked because on 13th November 1956, segregation on buses was no longer acceptable on Montgomery, and on 21st December 1956, the African-Americans began to use the buses again. How was Martin Luther King Jr. Involved? Martin Luther King Jr. was a leader in the Montgomery Bus Boycott and many others that took place after that. He was very passionate about their case, and took a major part in the campaign for black equality. How did Rosa Parks Influence Others? Everyone looked up to her for her defiance, it took a lot of courage and determination to do what Rosa did, and it made her race proud, so much so that they all gradually began to stand up for themselves and play their part in gaining civil rights for all black men. African-Americans began to start other boycotts in other states of America, because they thought, ‘If she can do it, why can’t we?’. Rosa Parks gave them confidence and a sense of purpose, they could do this. And they did do it.
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