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Transcript of Crusade Presentation
c. Abrahamic Judaism is different than Christianity and Islam because it:
a) Does not believe that Jesus and Muhammad were prophets
b) Does not believe that there is only one God
c) Is much newer than Christianity and Islam Christianity is different than Judaism and Islam because it believes:
a.) That Jesus was the son of God
b.) That there is only one God
c.) That God created the universe
d.) That Muhammad was a prophet Crusades: a series of religious wars launched by European Christians to reclaim Jerusalem and other holy sites from Muslims
Sultan: the supreme ruler of a Muslim state
Holy Land: the area between Egypt and Syria that was the ancient homeland of Jews and the place where Jesus Christ had lived; also called Palestine
Inquisition: a judicial body established by the Roman Catholic Church to combat forms of religious error
anti-Semitism: hostility or discrimination against Jews
segregation: the forced separation of one group from the rest of a community
shah: a ruler in certain Middle East lands, especially Persia (modern-day Iran) Chapter 10 Vocabulary The Muslim World Under Arab Caliphs More politically unified than Europe--More literate and urbanized
In general, good treatment of Christian and Jewish minorities
Stable border relations with Byzantine Empire Under Seljuk Turks Mercenary warrior tribesmen from central Asia
Very warlike, attracted to the idea of jihad--Not respectful to non-Muslim minorities
1071: Seljuk Turks defeat Byzantine army at the Battle of Manzikert--greatly outnumbered
1076: Seljuk Turks capture the city of Jerusalem--Destroy churches and synagogues; Badly mistreat Christian pilgrims
The Crusades By 1095 Byzantine was struggling to maintain a stable border--Byzantine Emperor Alexios I Komnenos asks Catholic Pope Urban II for help Crusades: a series of religious wars launched by European Christians to reclaim Jerusalem and other holy sites from Muslims The First Crusade (1096-1099)
The Second Crusade (1146-1148)
The Third Crusade (1189-1192) Effects of the Crusades Christians Brought economic change to Europe--Increased use of money, taxes, and loans
Monarchs grew more powerful
Opened up trade routes for Middle Eastern goods to be traded in Europe for the first time--Cloth, fruits, spices etc.
Muslims Fewer benefits for Muslims
Lost lands on Iberian Peninsula
Muslim society most advanced in the world--Did not gain much from European contact
Adopted new weaponry and military ideas
Merchants prospered from trade with Europeans
United Muslims to fight common foe Jews Suffered enormously
Murdered in great numbers as Crusaders traveled through northern France and Germany
anti-Semitism spread throughout Europe
Could not hold public office--Christians took over trading businesses
Write a (1/2 page) letter to a loved one describing your experience at the Siege of Jerusalem in June 1099. Choose to write from the perspective of a Muslim survivor, or a Crusader knight who fought there. Tell the story of what happened before, during, and after the battle based on what you learned in class. Fill in the gaps and create your own personal story with some added fictitious details. Use at least three vocabulary words from chapter 10. Homework