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Russian Revolution vs Chinese Revolution
Transcript of Russian Revolution vs Chinese Revolution
In the Late Qing Dynasty... Chinese Revolution Precursors Romanov Oppression
Social unrest Feudalism
Peasantry was oppressed
High illiteracy Participation in WWI
Large number of casualties
"Economic liability" Russo-Japanese War
In Manchuria and Korea
Russia lost Feb 26, 1917: Tsarist army opened fire to civilians, brutally put down the protest February 23, 1917: Women protested for bread shortage. Soon escalated to "riot". Tsar Nicholas II abdicated Provisional Government established: liberal Kerensky Two demands: Land redistribution and "Peace" February/March Revolution Lenin, A socialist believer, gained support from the peasantry and industrial workers. Kerensky failed to push land reforms, nor did he pull Russia out of WWII October 1917: Lenin and Bolsheviks took down the provisional government A communist government was established Land redistribution NEP Civil War: Red Army vs. White Army Stalin: Five-year plan and collectivization
Purges Opium War -> European presence Lost Hong Kong, Taiwan, Manchuria Qing refused to reform Severe Corruptions Wu Chang Uprising
Qing attempted Constitutional Party (Yuan Shi-Kai) Revolutionary Alliance...
Was not satisfied
Took Nanjing (former capital)
Overthrown Qing Sun Yet-Sen
Elected as the first president
Pressured to abdicate Chaos...
Yuan Shi-Kai: dictator
Warlords Nationalist Party
Took root in Southern China
Chiang Kai-Shek Communist Party
Established in Beijing
Popular among students and peasantry Mao vs. Chiang Kai-Shek Nationalist
Mild authoritarianism Communist Party of China (CCP)
Rejected Western values
Gained support from the USSR
Popular among peasantry Communist participation Charismatic leaders Reaction to fading regime Resulted in Civil War China Appealed to peasantry Countless revolts Supported by USSR Japanese Invasion Russia Industrial Workers 2 Revolutions First communist state WWI “Down with the War”“Down with the tsarist government!”