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Lord of the Flies - Microcosm

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Sabrina Lin

on 3 August 2015

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Transcript of Lord of the Flies - Microcosm

ON EARTH
Carelessness
Conflict between governments
THE
ISLAND
PLOT
LORD OF THE
FLIES
-Microcosm
THE
THE
WHY DO WE READ?
it fills up time...
it's entertaining...
to learn?
How does the novel Lord of the Flies relate to our life?
MICROCOSM
"Microcosm is something small that contains or represents all the features or qualities of something larger"
"Microcosm is something small that contains or represents all the features or qualities of something larger"
LORD OF THE
FLIES
-Microcosm
WHY DO WE READ?
it fills up time...
it's entertaining...
to learn?
How does the novel Lord of the Flies relate to our life?
MICROCOSM
"Microcosm is something small that contains or represents all the features or qualities of something larger"
"Microcosm is something small that contains or represents all the features or qualities of something larger"
CHARACTERS
DEMOCRATIC COUNTRIES
It’s at the lagoon/platform that the boys always had their assemblies
This was where the first semblance of ‘democracy’ was established
’Let’s have a vote.’ ‘Yes!’ ‘Vote for a chief!’ (pg.18)
Can be likened to democratic countries in our society (In democracies, the people vote for the leader, just as the boys vote for Ralph as leader on the platform)
JACK
PIGGY
RALPH
Although people often denote bullying, it is a huge part of our society and often wins out
Bullies often end up getting what they want because of sheer intimidation in our society, which is what Jack does in the novel.
There are far more victims of bullying in our society than bullies that end up being victims. This is clear enough through the large number of suicide cases stemming from bullying that we see in the news today.
“You’re talking too much. Shut up, fatty” (pg.17)
“’You didn’t ought to have let that fire out. You said you’d keep the smoke going—‘This from Piggy, and the wails of agreement from some of the hunters drove Jack to violence. The bolting look came into his blue eyes. He took a step, and able at last to hit someone, stuck his fist into Piggy’s stomach..” (pg.75)
Though the character of Piggy is an outcast, he is very wise and organized and would actually be a good leader. The message that can be taken from his ostracization in the novel is that, a lot of the times, wisdom in the real world is ignored because of false judgements. In our society, those who are wise are often ridiculed if they do not have certain attributes such as good looks or physical fitness.
“Piggy, for all his ludicrous body, had brains. Ralph was a specialist in thought now, and could recognize thought in another.” (pg.83)
What might have happened if Piggy hadn’t been deemed a "loser" right from the beginning?
Appearances dictate a lot of things in our society
The boys voted for Ralph immediately at the beginning of the novel largely because he was good-looking and was in possession of the conch. The boys did not know whether or not he would be a good leader, but simply elected him based on his surface appearance
“There was a stillness about Ralph as he sat that marked him out: there was his size, and attractive appearance; and most obscurely, yet most powerfully, there was the conch.” (pg.19)
The conflict between Ralph and Jack's tribes:
When things don’t work out, people always tend resort to violence. This is evident enough by the sheer number of wars that have happened in our society
This is represented through the fire/hunt for Ralph at the end of the novel.
Breakdown of
Begs the question: Is society actually civilized or does it only appear to be civilized?
If put in dire circumstances, do people automatically go back to their primal instincts/resort to savagery?
This is what Golding suggests through the breakdown of civilization that occurs in the novel.
The things that happen to the characters in the novel seem to echo things that tend to happen in our society...
Thanks for listening!
"Microcosm is something small that contains or represents all the features or qualities of something larger"
it's entertaining...
to learn?
TOTALITARIAN COUNTRIES
It is here that Jack establishes a ‘totalitarian’ rule over the other boys
At the Castle Rock, boys get beaten up on Jack’s command for no apparent reason:
"’He’s going to beat Wilfred’ ‘What for?’ Robert shook his head doubtfully. ‘I don’t know. He didn’t say. He got angry and made us tie Wilfred up. He’s been tied for hours, waiting—‘But didn’t the Chief say why?’ ‘I never heard him’"(pg. 176, between Robert and Roger)
Parallel between Castle Rock and countries like North Korea
(1 dictator, Use of violence for oppression/control etc.)
This is similar to the destruction of areas in Japan by atomic bombs in WWII.
The two events are similar because they both stemmed directly from conflicts between “democracy” and “dictatorship”, if you will.
Both on the island and in our society, none of the groups involved gave any thought to the destruction of the natural environment.

At the beginning of the novel, the boys lose control of the fire, which caused it to burn down a fair bit of the forest
Loss of "the boy with the mulberry-marked face"
In our society, this can be likened to the nuclear accident that occurred at Chernobyl, where human carelessness lead to the destruction of an area of Ukraine and the deaths of thousands of people
Both instances involved the careless mishandling of resources
’You got your small fire all right.’… Beneath the dark canopy of leaves and smoke the fire laid hold on the forest and began to gnaw. Acres of black and yellow smoke rolled steadily towards the sea. (pg.44)
OUR SOCIETY
CONNECTION:
The fire at the end of the novel was the direct result of the conflict between Ralph and Jack’s tribe (democracy vs. dictatorship)
Ultimately results in the destruction of the island
CARELESSNESS DESTRUCTION:
HUMAN DESTRUCTION
CONFLICT DESTRUCTION:
CONNECTION TO SOCIETY:
1.

WAR AT THE END OF THE NOVEL
2.
BREAKDOWN OF CIVILIZATION

DEMOCRATIC
TOTALITARIAN
DESTRUCTION
COUNTRIES
COUNTRIES
ON EARTH
The island is to the boys what the Earth is to us
CIVILIZATION:
Jack’s primitivity heightens as the novel progresses. The interesting question is whether this is his real nature, having been subdued by culture, or whether the island is eroding his true self.
Pg.42
Pg. 51
“We've got to have rules and obey them. After all, we're not savages. We're English, and the English are best at everything.” – Jack (pg.42)
"His mind was crowded with memories; memories of the knowledge that had come to them when they closed in on the struggling pig, knowledge that they had outwitted a living thing, imposed their will upon it, taken away its life like a long satisfying drink." (pg.74)
"[Jack] tried to convey the compulsion to track down and kill that was swallowing him up. –The madness came into his eyes again. 'I thought I might kill.' (pg.51)"
“Kill the pig. Cut her throat. Bash her in.” (pg.168)
Pg.74
Pg.168
JACK'S DESCENT TO
SAVAGERY
:
Full transcript