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Nitrogen and Carbon Family


Nicolas Reyes

on 28 September 2009

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Transcript of Nitrogen and Carbon Family

Nitrogen and Carbon Family The Nitrogen family is composed of six elements, they are; phosphorus, arsenic, antimony, bismuth, ununpentium, and ofcourse, nitrogen. Atomic Structure of Nitrogen Family The Nitrogen family contains elements that have 5 valence electrons in their atoms. Valence electrons are the ones in the outermost shell. The only elements that are non-metals in the Nitrogen family are nitrogen and phosphorus. Nitrogen's physical properties: - It's colorless
- It's tasteless
- It's odorless
- It's melting point is -210 C
- It's boiling point is 194 C
- It's a stable element, unlike phosphorus. Nitrogen's chemical properties: - It's non flammable and does not support combustion
- It doesn't easily combine with other elements under ordinary conditions Here are the properties of one of the Nitrogen's family element. Uses for elements in the Nitrogen family Nitrogen... Is used to make light bulbs. It's also used to make the explosive TNT. Phosphorus... can catch fire easily, therefore it is used in matches. Also phosphorus compounds can be found in toothpaste, shampoos (Head&Shoulder), and other commonly used items. Arsenic... is used in ammunition factories because they use it in fabricating bullets. Also it's combination with other materials is used to make insectisides. Antimony... is used in making infrared detectors, it's also used for the making of small arms and bullets. Bismuth... is used for carriers that carry uranium fuel used in nuclear reactors, it's used in fire detectors, extinguishing systems, cosmetics, and medicine.
Elements in the carbon family have 4 valence electrons. Only on of the elements in the carbon family is nonmetal and it's carbon itself. The elements that make up the carbon family are silicon, germanium, tin, lead, and carbon. Carbon is very important because all living things contain compounds that are made of long chains of carbon atoms. Uses for elements in the Carbon family Carbon... is used as fuel (coal), C-14 archeological dating, and it's also very important in the chemical industry. Silicon... is used to make glass, it's also used for medical purposes. Germanium... is used in making fluorescent lamps, it's also used as a gamma-radiation detector. Tin... can be used to coat other metals to prevent corrosion or chemical action. Lead... is used to make ammunition, it is also used as a shield against x-rays and nuclear radiation, it's also used to make insectisides. Made by Nicolas Inc. Atomic structure of Carbon family Carbon Silicon Germanium Tin Lead 14 protons 6 protons 32 protons 50 protons 82 protons Nitrogen 5 Valence electrons Phosphorus Antimony Arsenic Bismuth
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