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Figurative Language

Standard E2-1 Indicator E2-1.3 Analyze devices of figurative language. Definitions taken from "NTC's Dictionary of Literary Terms" by Kathleen Morner and Ralph Raush, 1991

Jamie Langston

on 16 July 2010

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Transcript of Figurative Language

Figurative Language Metaphor Oxymoron Pun Paradox Imagery Alliteration Personification Onomatopoeia Hyperbole Idiom The making of "pictures in words" Appeals to the senses of taste, smell, hearing, and touch, and to internal feelings as well as sight An implied analogy in which one thing is imaginatively compared to or identified with another, dissimilar thing Obvious, extravagent exaggeration or overstatement Uses like or as to compare two or more things A form of wit, not necessarily funny, involving a play on words with two or more meanings A figure of speech in which human characteristics are attributed to animals, plants, inanimate objects, natural forces, or abstract ideas A manner of speaking that is natural to the native speakers of the language The repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words or within words The use of words whose sounds imitate the sound of the thing being named A statement that, while apparently self-contradictory, is nonetheless essentially true Example:
"I never found a companion that was so companionable as you."
-Henry David Thoreau Example:
"I love those skies, thin blue or snowy gray,
Those fields sparse-planted, rendering meager sheaves;
That spring, briefer than apple-blossoms breath,
Summer, so much to beautiful to stay,
Swift autumn, like a bonfire of leaves,
And sleepy winter, like the sleep of death."
-"Puritan Sonnet" by Elinor Wylie
grass is the "beautiful uncut hairs of graves"
-"Song of Myself" by Walt Whitman Example:
"My vegetable love should grow
Vaster than empires, and more slow,
An hundred years should go to praise
Thine eyes, and on thy forehead gaze:
Two hundred to adore each breast:
But thirty thousand to the rest;
An age at least to every part,
And the last age should slow your heart.
For, lady, you deserve this state,
Nor would I love at lower rate."
-"To His Coy Mistress" by Andrew Marvell Example:
"loving hate"
"living death"
"wise fool" Example:
"Like a small grey
sits the squirrel."
-Humbert Wolfe Example:
"The window screen
is trying to do
its crossword puzzle
but apperars to know
only the vertical words."
-"Sunday Rain" by John Updike Example:
"keep an eye out for"
"take it easy"
"pull someone's leg"

"As for me tomorrow and you will find me a 'grave' man."
-"Romeo and Juliet" by Williams Shakespeare Example:
"after life's fitful fever"
-"Macbeth" by William Shakespeare Example:
hum, buzz, clang, boom, hiss, crack, twitter A figure of speech in which two contradictory words or phrases are combined in a single expression Simile
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