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TOK- Emotion

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Roxana Velasquez

on 7 December 2014

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Transcript of TOK- Emotion

By: Lauren Metzinger, Marijo Villano, & Roxana Velasquez
What Is Emotion?
•a complex experience of consciousness, bodily sensation, and behavior that reflects the personal significance of a thing, an event, or a state of affairs.

•“Emotions are all those feelings that so change men as to affect their judgements, and that are also attended by pain or pleasure. Such are anger, pity, fear and the like, with their opposites.” - Aristotle
1. William James-Carl Lange (1800s)
environmental stimuli activated emotion
respond with organs and muscles
emotions come first and reason comes second
2. Cannon-Bard (late 1800s)
opposite of James-Carl Lange
muscles and organs do not trigger emotion
emotion influences reaction
3. Schacter-Singer theory (1962)
emotion is due to two factors
psychological arousal and cognition
cognition helps interpret emotion
Development of Emotions
Babies cannot communicate their emotions by talking
Emotions are expressed through cries
Emotions can also be expressed through smiles
reflexive smile
social smile
emotions are ruled by hormones
Plutchik’s Wheel of Emotions
Anatomy of the Brain
◦chemical messenger
◦controls body, emotional response, pleasure
Emotion in Relation to Language
What is tone?
The quality of a person's voice.
Includes pitch, characteristics, and volume of the voice.

empathy: The ability to understand and share the feelings of another
apathy: lack of interest, enthusiasm, or concern.
sympathy: Feelings of pity and sorrow for someone else's misfortune.
compassion, pitty.

The tone is affected by the way it was delivered, the vocabulary, and volume.
My father passed away last night in his sleep.
My dad died in bed last night.
My pops hasn't been alive since last night.
Emotion in Relation to Touch
How does touch affect our emotion?
-Different touches are associated with different memories.
ex. The first time one touches play- dough is usually a happy experience while the first time one touches a hot stove is most likely not associated with good memories. Therefore, one is probably more likely to be happy when later in life playing with playdough than when being around a burning stove.
-Different kinds of touch
1. Comforting
2. Threatening
(Note: The way these are perceived and the emotions they cause can vary due to culture)
Relation to Smell and Emotion
smell can trigger memories
memories then trigger emotions
Emotions and Sight
Facial expressions
Darwin - First to believe that facial expressions are universal.
Others suggested expressions are culture specific.

"The seat of emotion is in the face."
Study of facial expressions
(different cultures and genders all studied)
7 Universal facial expressions of emotions
1. Anger
2. Contempt
3. Disgust
4. Fear
5. Joy
6. Sadness
7. Surprise
Can You Distinguish Real from Fake?
Emotion and Hearing
-Emotion affects hearing just as hearing affects emotion.
ex. Voice patterns that we recognize to be comforting like our parents can cause people to be more calm. In the reverse situation in which we can selectively hear things through our emotion or feelings towards a person.
-Uses of hearing to control emotion: Music therapy
-Music therapy can be used for medical improvement in a variety of patients who have many different conditions. For many, it can improve brain functioning for those with disabilities and it can help to calm those who cannot control their emotions
Strengths & Limitations

pure emotion
not able to control emotion
acting from emotion not logic
Media And Advertisements
Media fosters aggression, makes the public desensitized to violence, and can make others fearful.

"A factor in the development of aggressive and/or anti-social behavior in children is the steady diet of real and/or mediated violence."
-Nancy Signorielli, Taking Sides

Aggression and fear in relation to video games
"99% of men born after 1980 have violent tendencies because of violent video games"
-Jane McGonigal, SMU Tate Lecture, 13 November 2012
Gargulinski, Ryn. "What Is Tone of Voice?" EHow. Demand Media, 08 Apr.
2009. Web. 20 Feb. 2013.
Matsumoto, David. "Reading Facial Expressions of Emotion." Reading Facial Expressions
of Emotion. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Feb. 2013.

"Spot the Fake Smile." BBC News. BBC, n.d. Web. 20 Feb. 2013.

LiveSciennce Staff. "Study: Bottling Up Emotions Can Be Better." LiveScience.com. N.p., 3
June 2008. Web. 20 Feb. 2013.

The Brain and The Mind: Psychology Volume 2. Vol. 2. Danbury, Conn: Grolier, 2003.

Thinking and Knowing: Psychology Vol. 3. Vol. 3. Danbury, Conn: Grolier, 2003. Print.

"What is Music Therapy?." American Music Therapy Association. N.p.. Web. 20 Feb
2013. <http://www.musictherapy.org/>. Yeah
Emotions Are CONTAGIOUS.
Laughing and Body Language
Emotions and Sight
Expressions that we make when we are usually around close friends or family members.

Involve the entire face and happen at a fraction of a second.
Some macro expressions take place in one-thirtieth of a second.

May show signs of concealed emotions. Occur so quickly that most people are unable to catch them./
Proves further that facial expressions are greatly involuntary even when we try to conceal them.
Full transcript