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Justification of the European Colonization of Africa

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Emma Winowiecki

on 15 April 2013

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Transcript of Justification of the European Colonization of Africa

Regions of Africa Colonized by Europe Major countries and their leaders (1880) Britain (Victoria, William Ewart Gladstone)
France (Jules Grévy)
Spain (Alfonso XII, Antonio Cánovas del Castillo)
Portugal (Luis)
Belgium (Leopold II) Reasons for starting, continuing, and ending the colonization of Africa. Technological developments and moral superiority over Africans
Economic needs
Wars of conquest (result of losses in previous European wars)
Equal division of Africa to keep balance of power in Europe
Decolonization began after WWII
African nationalism, Cold War relations, and formation of the United Nations Economic benefits of colonization for the European countries. Trading posts were established and sped colonization.
Trade there was enormous and included gold, ivory, cloves, and slavery.
The East Trading company (like in Pirates of the Caribbean) was established The citizens' opinions on the morality and ethics of colonization Economists of the 19th century agreed that colonies were a necessity for their nations
Friedrich Fabri (1824–1891) referred to colonies as "a matter of life and death"
Perceived benefits for both sides
Belief that Europeans were "superior"
Imperialism is criticized in the 20th century Emma W., Elise Z., Vince M. The Justification of the European Colonization of Africa Belgium's major colonization was of The Congo where the whites lived in luxury at the hands of the Congolese. Belgium also seized Rwanda, and Burundi. Later Runda-Urundi was given to Belguim as a trust territory after the defeat of Germany in WWI. Belgium Imperialism Portugal Spain France Britain Technical definition relates to any empire
Mostly refers to the colonialism of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries (mostly 1880-1914)
Colonies were often home to outcasts of their mother nation (criminals, unemployed)
Grew into very important sources of income for the European nations Besides The Congo, Portugal colonized Mozambique and Ghana. Their colonization started as missionary work and as a trading post and was used for slave and luxury item trading. Spain colonized very little of Africa except for regions shown. These regions would later come to be known as Spanish West Africa The French empire was the second largest behind the British.
Jules Furry declared, "The higher races have aright over the lower races, they have a duty to civilize the inferior races."
Included Morocco, Senegal, and Cameroon The British were champions and colonized all of these places:
Sierra Leone, the Gold Coast (modern Ghana), and Nigeria in West Africa
Botswana, Zambezi, and Zambia in the south Homework! Read the following article from The New York Times from 1879, and answer these questions:
1. According the colonial European, was it better for the tribes of Africa to be ruled by the Europeans? Why?
2. What were the goals of building railways in Africa?
3. What is this writer's opinion on race relations?
4. Do you think the opinions expressed in this article influenced Joseph Conrad? http://query.nytimes.com/mem/archive-free/pdf?res=F00E11FF3D5A137B93CAAB178AD95F4D8784F9
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