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Comparing and Contrasting Firsthand and Secondhand Accounts
Transcript of Comparing and Contrasting Firsthand and Secondhand Accounts
A secondhand account of an event or topic is based on an author's research, instead of personal experience.
The author uses pronouns such as he, she, and they to describe the event or topic. Encyclopedia entries, biographies, and textbooks, are considered to be secondhand accounts.
Based on someone else's experience.
Wasn't really there.
Firsthand: Uses pronouns such as: I, We, Me
Secondhand: Uses pronouns such as: He, She, They
Which one is it??
The main focus of a firsthand account is the author. This person is coming directly from actually experiencing or seeing the particular thing being discussed.
The main focus of a secondhand account is the information obtained from what others have said or researched. The person telling the storing or relaying the information did not experience the event.
Read the next few frames and decide whether the story is a firsthand or secondhand account.
Remember to look for those pronouns that help us decide between the two...
A firsthand account of an event or topic is based on an author's personal experience.
The author uses pronouns such as I, me, and we to describe the event or topic. Diaries, autobiographies, and letters are considered to be firsthand accounts.
True story, told by someone in their own words.
We set sail today. It was windy and cold...I was so miserable the entire time. Angry too. I won't ever understand why we have to move from our beautiful home to this foreign land. I hope, when I am old enough, I can sail back on this creaky, old ship. I hope old enough comes very soon. The rain is starting...
Mayflower in 1620
August 1st we nooned in a beautiful grove on the north side of the Platte [River]. We had by this time got used to climbing in and out of the wagon when in motion. When performing this feat that afternoon, my dress caught on an axle helve. I was thrown under the wagon wheel, which passed over and badly crushed my leg before my father could stop the team. He picked me up and saw the extent of the injury … The news soon spread along the train and a halt was called. A surgeon was found and the limb set …
Across the Plains in 1844
The Oregon Trail
In 1843, thousands of people began traveling across America to the open lands of the West. Most of these people followed a path known as the Oregon Trail. Pioneers set out from towns along the Missouri River in the Midwest. They made a 2,000-mile trek to their new homes in California and Oregon. Some traveled in covered wagons. Others were on foot or horseback. The route was filled with danger and hardship.
The Oregon Trail
What was it like on the Mayflower?
A group of people that the English named "Pilgrims" set sail for the Americas to create a new life for themselves. They sailed on a ship called the Mayflower. It was a long and perilous journey, full of stormy nights, sickness, and drought. After months of travel, the weary settlers reached their new home in America.
Diaries are firsthand accounts.
Encyclopedias, articles, etc.
Firsthand and secondhand can sometimes be similar. Newspaper articles can give factual accounts of an event, but we have to ask ourselves, was the author there? Did the author witness the event?
The students will apply the understanding of firsthand and secondhand accounts by composing a firsthand and secondhand paragraph.
You will write a paragraph about a firsthand account of an even that happened in your life.
You will write a paragraph about a secondhand account (a story you heard, something you saw on the news, something you were not there for).
First Day of School
Today was Lena's first day of school. She was super nervous. She hardly slept the night before and could barely keep her Cheerios down this morning at breakfast. Lena missed going to daycare because kindergarten seemed so frightening! She wondered what they day would hold.
Learning to Swim
Last summer, mom took me to the pool every Saturday. The only problem: I couldn't swim! I was determined to learn. I asked my mother to talk to the swim coach about giving me lessons and he agreed! We worked every weekend on holding my breath, staying afloat, and moving through the water. Now, I can actually play with my friends in the water instead of watching from the side.
I can identify the purpose of an event or topic that I read. I can describe the difference in a firsthand and second hand account of the same event or topic.