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Full Training curriculum

For trainers to use and edit
by

Gabriel Hartnell

on 12 December 2014

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Transcript of Full Training curriculum

Icebreaker
Habitats
People
Animals
Introduction
Pass the panda
WWF
Was founded in 1961
WWF works in over 100 countries
5 million global supporters
Pandas haven't
saved the
world yet!
We only
have one planet
So we
need to protect it
WWF's aims
Restore ________
Keep _________ flowing
Value ______
______ _________ reduced
Protect ______
and _______
Sustainable
______ and
________
wildlife
rivers
nature
carbon emissions
oceans

forests
timber
seafood
Forests
Illegal wildlife trade
How many tigers are
left in the wild?
320 1,200 3,200 5,200
There are more captive tigers in Texas than wild tigers in the whole world

Which one of these
sub-species is now extinct?
Bengal Caspian Amur Sumatran
The Bali, Javan and probably South China tigers are also extinct. Around 95% of tigers have been lost in the last 100 years
When WWF started conservation work on Amur tigers there were around 30 left; how many now?
14 40 140 400
This success shows that tiger sub-species can be recovered, and the same can be done for the other sub-species

What are the threats to tigers?
Poaching
Habitat loss
Loss of prey
Human-tiger conflict
What is the illegal wildlife trade?
Also funds drugs & militia
Starts with demand
Poachers kill animals
Smugglers take parts abroad
Traded on the black market
Heavily armed & organised
How do we stop it?
Anti-poaching patrols
Better border controls
Sniffer dogs at airports
Harsher sentences
Education to reduce demand
Protected areas
Catch the smuggler
Prove you care about animals
How much has rhino poaching increased in South Africa since 2007?
7% 70% 700% 7,000%
Much of the demand comes from Vietnam, where rhino horn is (wrongly) thought to cure
cancer. It takes 48 hours to get
an African horn on sale in Asia

Questions?
What kind of tigers are
white tigers?
Siberian tigers
Albino tigers
Tigers with particular genetics
Tigers which live mainly in snow
Bengal tigers have been seen and bred which lack the orange fur pigment. They are not a
sub-species of tiger


FIN
Forests
Human-animal conflict
Which of these countries
does NOT have wild elephants?
Keep score: win an elephant
Quiz
India Thailand Madagascar Tanzania
Elephants are spread over most of central to southern Africa and much of Asia, with 2 African sub-species, 4 Asian

Which Asian sub-species has
the lowest population?
Sri Lankan Sumatran Bornean Indian
There are 1,500 Borean pygmy elephants left, 2,400 Sumatran, around 3,500 Sri Lankan and 20,000 to 25,000 Indian
How many people are killed by elephants every year?
0 5 50 500
Around 300 are in India. But far more elephants are killed by humans. In Asia, one of the biggest threats is human-elephant conflict.

What other animals are affected?
Baboons
Tigers
Rhinos
Gorillas
Snow leopards
Bears
How do we stop it?
Snow leopard proof fencing
But that doesn't work for roaming cattle
Where the money could go
$6
$8
$30
$40
$100
$100
Could provide a biogas stove for a family in India
The cost of a metre of snow leopard proof fencing
Could buy film for an infra-red camera trap
Could train a farmer on how to keep bees
Could pay compensation for a lost goat
Could help pay for a village talk about sustainability
Humans and elephants play snakes and ladders
A game of conflict management
How many snow leopards are left in the wild?
1000 4000 8000 12000
They're very elusive so we don't know for sure, but between 4,000 and 6,000; in 12 countries including China, India, Pakistan and Nepal

How do farmers normally kill snow leopards?
Shooting Burning Poison Drowning
They're hard to track, but return to carcasses to finish the meal; farmers poison the carcass

What do snow leopards do which makes farmers kill them?
Eat ther crops Eat their livestock
Scare their children Dig up crops
As wild prey like yaks, blue sheep and ibex become scarce, they attack cattle, not being able to tell they aren't wild

Why do people kill elephants?
By accident, such as cars and trains
Ivory
For raiding crops
Out of fear
What is the maximum sentence for poaching a snow leopard in Nepal?
$500 fine $5,000 fine
6 months jail 15 years jail
It's a high price, but a lot of the killings aren't by poachers, they're farmers trying to survive

Which of these threats is biggest for Asian elephants?
Killed for ivory Killed by speeding trains
Loss of habitat Loss of prey species
Whereas African elephants' main threat is being killed for ivory. But there's another major threat for Asian elephants...

Who won
the elephant?
Quiz
As a consequence of land clearance & development
Illegal Wildlife Trade
Marine: Habitats
Marine: Bycatch
Deforestation / palm oil
Human-animal conflict
Forests
Sustainability
Which of these does WWF
NOT do?
Keep score: win an elephant
Quiz
Train people to do bee keeping
The others are examples of
sustainability projects; we'll talk about them more later!

What do we want to make sustainable?
Timber
Energy
Seafood
Crops
What's the problem with...
Sustainability affects everything!
Where the money could go
$3
$5
$6
$15
$30
£120
$600
Could restore one tree in a reforestation project
Could buy a biogas stove for a family
Could pay for a sustainability report for companies
Pays for camera trap film, monitoring animals & cutters
Could buy a first aid kit for a forest ranger
Could pay for a full set of C-hooks to train fishermen
Could buy a GPS unit to map illegal forest use
When I think about Sumatra
A game about pressures on communities
We can also help in small ways
Who does this help?
Who won
the elephant?
Quiz
Recycle
Turn the air
con up 1 degree
Have a meat
free day
Buy MSC
certified
seafood
Buy FSC
products
Look for organic
fruit & veg
Turn things off
standby or
charge phone off or on flight mode
to save energy
Small actions
Walk, use public transport or car share
Use brands with no or
certified palm oil
Sustainability
Forests
Better border controls
This affects
key species
Forests: Amazon
Forests: Sumatra
Virunga
Which of these places has wild mountain gorillas?
Keep score: win an elephant
Quiz
Mozambique South Africa
Uganda Madagascar
They live in two National Parks crossing Uganda, Rwanda and Democratic Republic of Congo

One of these parks is Bwindi National Park. What's the other?
Virunga National Park
Viagra National Park
Vesuvius National Park
Vultures National Park
Virunga is Africa's oldest National Park, and has a varied landscape including volcanos
Gorillas are killed by poachers for many reasons; which of these is LEAST common?
Killed after being poached as babies
Killed for their meat
Killed in traps meant for other animals
Killed by scared villagers
It's rare. Poachers steal babies
to be sold as pets or catch gorillas
in traps meant for other animals
like antelope

How do we stop poaching?
Working with police to catch kingpins
Educate to reduce demand
Harsher sentences
Anti-poaching rangers
Equipment and supplies
Better border controls
How do we stop it?
Anti-poaching patrols
Better border controls
Sniffer dogs at airports
Harsher sentences
Education to reduce demand
Protected areas
Where the money could go
RM10
RM15
RM20
RM50
RM100
RM400
RM2,000
Could restore 1 tree in the Sabah reforestation project
The cost of a days' rations for a forest ranger
Could buy film for an infra-red camera trap
Pays for a sleeping bag or hammock for a ranger
Could buy a first aid kit for a ranger
The cost of a tent for a ranger camping out in the forest
The price of training a new ranger
When I think about Virunga...
A role-playing game
Being a ranger is a hard job. How many have died in Virunga alone in the last 15 years?
5 33 63 130
Between 130 and 150, mainly by poachers and armed militia.
Their training means they also help in natural/civil disasters

Virunga can sustainably house a few thousand people. How many are living there today?
100 1,000 10,000 100,000
Conflict in the area since 1994 has led to large numbers displaced; around 80,000 have been pushed into the park

Virunga houses 700 species of birds, 200 mammal species; how many are primates?
1 9 19 29
It's the most diverse range of primates in the world, including mountain gorillas; 480 live in Virunga National Park

And why is habitat destroyed?
The threat of oil exploration
For timber
For human settlements
For crops
By conflict
For heavy industries like mining
But what are the threats to them?
Poaching of babies
Traps set for other animals
Human-gorilla conflict
Human disease
Armed conflict
Habitat loss
Virunga is a World Heritage Site. What organisation grants these sites protected status?
United Nations Educational, Scientific & Cultural Organisation
United Nations National Park Protection Committee
International World Heritage Protection Committee
International Scientific, Cultural & Environmental Orgnisation
UNESCO protects 981 sites, including the Great Barrier Reef, Grand Canyon, Taj Mahal and Great Wall of China

How many Mountain gorillas
are left in the wild?
880 1,800 2,800 3,800
But numbers in Virunga are going up: 26% in the last 10 years and 50% in the last 25, due to conservation work
Quiz
For roads
Virunga
Forests
Education
Which of these countries do wild tigers still live in?
Keep score: win an elephant
Quiz
Bangladesh Mongolia Kenya Japan
They also live in Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia,. Laos, Malaysia, Burma (Myanmar), Nepal, Russia, Thailand, Vietnam

Why is nature important to kids?
Wild animals!
The world is full of interesting things
They're positive about the future!
Outdoors is an adventure
And we're doing it here too!
Where the money could go
$2
$5
$10
$15
$20
$80
The cost of 1 sustainable C-hook, used to train fishermen
Pays for one tree to help communities repair forests
Could buy an education pack for a student
Could train one commuity member on eco-tourism
Could help communities restore a hectare of forest
Could pay for five forest school visits to educate kids
Ideal habitat
Educating on how to protect animals. habitat, people
Why do people damage nature?
Roads and transport
Deforestation for timber
Growth of human settlements
Land clearence for cattle and crops
Poaching of animals for profit
Our children's future
Who won
the elephant?
Quiz
Pollution and bad waste disposal
Indiscriminate fishing techniques
Heavy idustry like oil and gas
Showing governments how the economy will be impacted long term
Partnering with companies to make their practices sustainable
How does this help?
So education and training is needed elsewhere too
Education
Oceans
If fishing continues as it is today, when will we have no more seafood to eat?
Keep score: win a turtle!
Quiz
2020 2050 2150 2250
Two thirds of fish stocks are fished to their limit or over. 75% of fish populations are at crisis point.

What is bycatch?
Catching too much of a certain species
Catching a species by mistake
Catching two target species at once
Catching less fish than intended
Billions of fish are caught and
thrown back dead because of indiscriminate fishing gear
Purse seine Longline
Trammel net Bow net
But gillnets are the most commonly used. White and blue marlin have been losing 95% of their population as fishermen target tuna and groupers

What are the threats to marine species?
Bycatch
Habitat damage
Loss of prey species
Over fishing
& discards
Fisheries
Where the money could go
$2
The price of a C-hook to replace a J-hook
Fish fright
A blind fishing game
What are the solutions?
Quotas
Tougher
sentences &
legislation
Training on better management & sustainable fishing
Closing fisheries
during migration seasons
Promoting less threatened species
Marine Protected Areas (MPAs)
How often does a turtle, whale, dolphin or porpoise die of bycatch?
1 every minute 1 every hour
1 every month 1 every week
1,000 die every day through bycatch; that means nobody was even intending to kill them;
bad fishing gear is often to blame

How many Maui dolphins are
left in the wild?
90% have been lost in the last 40 years due to the risk of entangement in New Zealand's waters. Even less Irrawadday dolphins; only 70 remain

What percentage of whales get caught in shipping nets at least once in their lives?
Large whales can escape nets, but often with injuries. Depending on the species, it takes whales 9-73 mins to drown if stuck in a fishing net

Which of these is not a real fishing net?
100 1,000 10,000 100,000
30% 40% 70% 80%
indiscriminate fishing gear
Chemical pollution
Noise pollution
Coastal development
(Place YOUR COUNTRY'S fish use/export stats http://www.indexmundi.com)
Why does over fishing happen?
Lack of sensible quotas, which would allow stock recovery
Lack of enforcement of existing quotas
Governments sometimes subsidise fleets; there are 2.5 times as many boats as needed
The economies of countries with large fishing industries are at risk, as are their people's main food sources
Poor fishing equipment
Pirate fishing (illegal areas, unregistered) accounts for up to 50%
Rapid development
Bycatch
How do we stop it?
So far 25,000 seafood products are MSC certified, worth up to $5 billion sales per year
C-hooks to replace
J-hooks
Setting nets deeper avoids catching some cetaceans
Add mechanisms to nets which separate catch
Square mesh panels on trailers reduces seabed creatures caught
'Pingers' on nets which cetaceans can hear and escape
'De-hookers' can free turtles from lines
Who won
the turtle?
Quiz
Sumatra
How much Sumatran orang-
utan habitat is lost each year?
Up to 5% Up to 10% Up to 15% Up to 20%
There are around 7,300 Sumatran left and 41,000 Bornean. There were around 230,000 total 100 years ago.

Harvesting which of these products is NOT a big cause of forest loss in Sumatra?
Palm Oil Timber Rubber Coffee
Illegal cultivation is a problem. WWF recently worked with the government to stop 2 companies sourcing palm oil from Tesso Nilo

How many Sumatran rhinos are left in the wild?
Around 200 Around 500
Around 2,000 Around 5,000
Borneo sub-species probably extinct in Sarawak & Kalimantan with only around 25 in Sabah; even less than Javan rhinos.

How can we protect Sumatra?
Stop wild cutting
Train small holders
on sustainability
Forest monitors in protected areas
Promote sustainability to big companies
Why do people destroy forests?
For roads, which also make poaching easier
For timber
For human settlements
For crops
To rear cattle
For heavy industries like mining
What kind of habiats are destroyed worldwide?
Forests
Freshwater rivers
and lakes
Coasts and oceans
Jungles and
mountain ranges
Polar regions
Coral reefs
When I think about Sumatra...
A role-playing game
Which can
destroy habitat
How much of the world's palm oil is produced in Malaysia and Indonesia?
36% 66% 86% 96%
Malaysia and Indonesia use 21% of the world's palm oil. India uses 16%, China 12%, EU 10% and USA 2%.

What products may contain palm oil?
Cosmetics
Chocolate
& sweets
Toiletries
Cereal
Crisps
Biscuits/cookies
Breads
Paints
Pastries
& pies
Ice cream
Pizzas
Cooking oil
It's in between 50-70% of products
But it's also vital to the economy
Palm oil & kernel exports account for 4.5% of Indonesia's GDP
It's the 2nd largest export after oil
50% of the world's palm oil comes from Indonesia
But in 2013, Indonesia also became the world's largest consumer of palm oil
62% is used in the food industry
38% is used in industrial consumption
80% of that is used in cooking oil
Noodles
Together, Indonesia and Malaysia produce the bulk of the world's palm oil products (86%)
Other big users, like China, are starting to grow more
Can we just boycott it?
Can we just boycott it?
NO!
Certify sustainable producers
40% of Indonesian palm oil is now certified
Who won
the elephant?
Quiz
Forests
Better border controls
Where the money could go
RM10
RM15
RM20
RM50
RM100
RM400
RM2,000
Could restore 1 tree in the Sabah reforestation project
The cost of a days' rations for a forest ranger
Could buy film for an infra-red camera trap
Pays for a sleeping bag or hammock for a ranger
Could buy a first aid kit for a ranger
The cost of a tent for a ranger camping out in the forest
The price of training a new ranger
This affects
key species
Amazon
Which of these countries does
the Amazon NOT reach?
Brazil Ecuador Argentina Colombia
It also covers Peru, Venezuela,
Bolivia, Guyana, Suriname and
French Guiana

How much of the Amazon are we losing every minute?
1 football pitches worth 2 footfall pitches worth
3 football pitches worth 4 football pitches worth
Amazon scale is huge; it makes
more sense to people when we
talk about sizes they can imagine
70% of what comes from
rainforests?
Diseases Cancer drugs
Nuts Animal furs
With so much of the Amazon
undiscovered, it's possible
we're destroying potential
cures

Why are people destroying the Amazon?
For roads & infrastructure
For timber
For human settlements
For crops
like soy
To rear cattle
For heavy industries like mining
When I think about the Amazon...
A role-playing game
Which can
destroy habitat
How big is the area of protected parks WWF is working to set up in the Amazon?
150 hectares 150,000 hectres
150 million hectares 150 billion hectares
That's and area six times the
size of the United Kingdom

Why is the Amazon important?
It houses a wide
variety of wildlife
So how can we protect it?
Who won
the jaguar?
Quiz
Win a gorilla
Quiz
Who won a
gorilla?
As a World Heritage Site, the park should not be deforested. But how many of these people use timber?
47% 67% 87% 97%
Around 1,000 tonnes of wood is taken every day, but local people are NOT the main cause of habitat destruction...

Which of these is NOT a major threat to habitat in and around Virunga?
Extraction of underground resources
Deforestation for timber
Deforestation for palm oil
Road building
Oil palm is not a popular crop in Africa, but Virunga contains gold, copper and exploration for oil has been a recent threat

Mountain gorillas
Share 98% of our DNA
Eat snails, grasses and fruits
Are incredibly intelligent!
People are scared; we can't tell them to leave the park
Animals caught in crossfire
Govt. needs to spend on defence, not environment
Poaching gangs fund armed militia
Militia may take over tourism
Issues around armed conflict
How do we stop habitat damage?
Campaign against corporate exploitation
Maintain UNESCO protected status
Sustainable incomes
Work with local communities to keep land
Eco-tourism (gorilla = £2.5M)
Train on forest management
It DOES work!
Mountain gorilla numbers up
Eco-tourism studies show national value
Total backed out due to 2013 campaign
SOCO backed out due in 2014
The Virunga campaign was a success:
Total and Soco both pulled out
Where the money could go
$5
$8
$17
$20
$34
$40
$80
An infra red camera for a camera trap
Daily rations for an anti-poaching ranger
Putting a ranger in the field for a day
Boots or waterproofs for an anti-poaching ranger
Helps with sustainability training for local communities
Helps to promote eco-tourism in the area
A GPS system to help the rangers map forest
Climate change
Which is NOT caused by
climate change?
Winner gets a polar bear
Quiz
Loss of prey Loss of denning areas
Loss of sea ice Loss of genetic diversity
As seals lose their habitat,
polar bears lose their food
source, and often have to
trek for long periods to eat

What colour is a polar bear's
fur?
White Yellow Grey Transparent
Polar bears' fur reflects the whole
spectrum of light, which we see
as white. Their skin is black.
Which of these places does NOT
have wild penguins?
The Arctic Antarctica
New Zealand Argentina
Penguins live in Antarctica, polar bears live in the Arctic; that's why they're never seen
together in the wild
What are the causes of climate change?
CO2 & other emissions
Carbon fuel
Deforestation
What about the cost?
Recession = less interest
And we'd use 15%
less while meeting
all the needs of 9
billion people
And the more we learn, the more alternatives we can develop
But we'd save
$4 trillion by 2050
Where the money could go
$3
$20
$10
$6
$30
$50
$60
Could restore 1 tree in the Sabah reforestation project
The cost of a clean-up kit for Arctic oil spills
A sustainable bio gas stove for a family in India
Printing of climate change reports for lobbying
Could buy a first aid kit for a ranger
Fuel for half an hour's penguin helicopter patrol
Tags for a polar bear to research on climate change
Panda's den
Pitch your climate change solutions to the panda!
Which of these is the biggest
threat to polar bears?
Hunting Climate change Pollution Conflict with humans
All of these are threats:
-Hunting banned in 1970s
-Conflict increasing as they move
-Pollution increases as oil exploration
grows; can affect infants & hard to clean
Which of these is a real species
of penguin?
Mercades penguin Maldives penguin

Macaroni penguin Mudstrap penguin
There are 19 species; the best
known probably Emperor,
Rockhopper and Adelie


So what are the impacts?
Droughts
Rising temperatures
Unpredictable
weather
More tsunamis,
hurricanes
Face to face
How many polar bears are left in
the wild?
2,000 20,000 200,000 2 million
Between 20-25,000. It's quite a lot, but 75% of populations are in decline, and numbers could drop quickly due to climate change
Quiz
Flooding of coastal cities
Coral bleaching & loss of fish stocks
Loss of wildlife
Climate change
DIRECTIONS
-Highlight any topics you want to present from the list on the left and drag onto the panda stencil or leave where they are

-Highlight and delete any topics you don't want to use

-Save a copy of the prezi

-You may wish to change some quiz questions or facts to suit your market; facts relating to the country you're in may be stronger
FUN FACTS!
What is an otter's home
called?
A nest A den A holt A lodge
Otters live in rivers in Europe, including in the UK, where there are around 10,000 left

FUN FACTS!
How much of our DNA do
we share with mountain gorillas?
18% 38% 78% 98%
They are the animal most like us and can catch human diseases. There are just 880 left, living in two National Parks in Africa

FUN FACTS!
How many marine turtle
hatchlings survive to be adults?
All of them 1 in 10 1 in 100 1 in 1,000
Turtles lay around 175 eggs at a time. Babies face many risks but turtles' biggest predator is human beings

FUN FACTS!
What colour is a polar
bear's fur?
Grey White Transparent Yellow
The air between hairs reflects the whole spectrum of light, which looks white to humans. In some zoos, algae has make them look green

FUN FACTS!
In the Amazon, the total weight of what outweights all other animals combined?
Birds Ants Snakes Jaguars
At least they probably do; a new species is discovered there every day; 444 in 2013 alone

FUN FACTS!
Why are kids important to nature?
They're tomorrow's
leaders
They should have a natural world left to discover when they grow up
Food and water security too if we don't change things
Climate change will be the major issue for their generation
Iconic species like African elephants, tigers and rhinos consigned to history books
No more fish to eat by 2050
75% of species, including humans, at threat if
temperatures rise by 2 degrees C
What can we do about it?
Set up protected areas, protecting forests and oceans for the future
Lobby governments and companies to reduce Co2 emissions
Educate and get the environment on school cirriculums
Anti-poaching rangers to protect wildlife
Develop sustainable practices and renewable energy
It's not just the kids...
BUT!
Carbon-based fuel
SHORT TERM thinking
Educating Chinese medicine market to reduce demand
Promoting eco-tourism so people are better off protecting nature
Training fishermen on the use of sustainable fishing equipment
Training forest communities on sustainable income like rubber tapping
Projects like Protectors of the Planet for kids in Colombia gives them sustainable skills to make income from the forest for life
Fishermen don't want to kill marine turtles, they just can't afford the right equipment; where new hooks are in use, 80% less are killed in nets
In Brazil, Amazonian communities are learning how to rubber tap, taking it to a factory, feeding families without felling trees
In DR Congo, a mountain gorilla can generate $4 million in its lifetime through eco-tourism
This EMPOWERS people so they don't have to give up natural habitat to corporate pressures
INSERT FACTS ABOUT YOUR COUNTRY'S SCHOOLS/COMMUNITY OUTREACH
Polar Opposites
A spectrum graph
Energy waste
Who can explain
climate change?
-4 billion years ago, 80% of the atmosphere was CO2; this is now in life, oil, coal etc
-Plants, breath of animals/trees release the right amount, but man-made gases and forest loss unbalances it
-Earth's climate is driven by the sun's energy
-It warms the planet, causing Earth to reflect infared radiation back into the atmosphere
-Gases like CO2, methane, water vapour absorb this radiation so it doesn't reflect too far from Earth, keeping temperature at 15C
-Without these gases, it'd be -18C; uninhabitable
Explain in 1 min!
Using animals...
What is the Adelie penguin's main
food source?
Fish Shrimp Krill Seagrass
Though there are millions of
Adelie penguins left, krill only
breed under ice, so numbers
could plummet if the ice melts

How much would global temperatures
need to rise for as much as 75% of
species to be affected (including us)?
2C 12C 20C 32C
This is where the polar ice
melts. It reflects 90% sunlight,
water absorbs 94%. At the current rate, it'll rise 2-4C in 100
years, and maybe 2C in just 40

Wet areas get wetter,
dry areas get drier
It's happening now...
But how so we tackle it?
Lobby for carbon
emission targets
Renewable energy
Stop
deforestation
Reforestation
Work with companies to reduce footprint
Researchers to gain more facts & strategies
Better management of energy to prevent waste
1/3 of the world hit by droughts; double that of 70's
CO2 levels 40% higher than 200 years ago, due to emissions
1 metre sea rise by 2100 will displace 100 million in Asia
2 of Kiribati's islands have been lost; seeking land in Australia
Maldives could be underwater in 20 years; first CC refugee nation
Seychelles is losing its holiday beaches
It's happening here
INSERT CLIMATE
CHANGE FACTS
FOR YOUR
COUNTRY
It's about being SMART with the planet
What little things can we do?
Say no to plastic bags
Put air con up 1 degree
Look out for FSC products
Recycle
Don't waste food
Use rechargeable batteries
Charge phone on flight mode
Repair rather than replace
Turn things off standby
Eat less meat
Travel by train/ bike/ public transport
Turn tap off when cleaning teeth
Video conference
Car share
(Great White sharks kill around 4 per year)
Jaguars
Wolves
More are being affected as human populations grow
How do we stop it?
Fencing around crops
Alternatives like
eco-tourism
Rapid response units
Elephant flying squads
Biogas stoves
Chilli ropes
Compensation schemes
The evidence also helps patrol officers
Zero snow leopards killed in areas of Nepal since the compensation schemes were brought in
Bee keeping
(C) National Geographic Stock / Michael Nicols / WWF
(C) Jurgen Freund / WWF-Canon
(C) Anja G. Burns / WWF-US
(C) naturepl.com / Anup Shah / WWF-Canon
(C) Anja G. Burns / WWF-US
(C) WWF-Indonesia / Syamsuadi
(C) naturepl.com / Doug Perrine / WWF-Canon
Marine
Where the money could go
$2
$2
$4
$15
$15
$20
The cost of one anti-bycatch 'C-hook' to train fishermen
Could pay for a clipboard for guardians to record info
The cost to transport a collection of eggs to the hatchery
Hire cost for a boat to take Turtle Guardians to Puiau Upeh to patrol the beach for Hawksbill turtle eggs
A backpack or raincoat for a Turtle Guardian on patrol
A day's salary for a Turtle Guardian
Nest eggs
An island-hopping game
What do these logos mean?
What do these logos mean?
What are the threats to our oceans?
Pollution
Destruction of coral reefs
Coral bleaching
Excessive coastal development
Heavy industry
Over-fishing
Poor fisheries management
Bycatch
Taking juvenile fish as feed
Destructive
fishing methods
Can we just reduce fishing?
7% of Europeans' protein intake and 26% of Asians' comes from seafood
1 billion people in developing countries rely on seafood to survive
250 million
people are employed in the fishing sector worldwide
So we need to both keep fishing but make it smart
What about turtles?
There are seven
species of
marine turtles,
all in decline
Along with bycatch and habitat destruction, the taking of eggs for sale is a big threat
Only 1 out of every 1,000 hatchlings survives to adulthood
70% decline in Hawksbill turtle nestings since 80s
99% decline in Leatherback and Ridleys turtle numbers since 80s
What we're doing
Turtles vital to keeping ecosystem healthy
Hawksbills eat sponges & corals, helping marine diversity
Green turtles graze sea beds, making them productive
This helps sustain fish stocks millions depend on
And also brings in tourists
If fishing methods remain as they are, it's predicted we'll no longer have fish to eat by 2050
Promoting eco tourism
Developing better fishing gear like C-hooks
Improving laws on egg poaching
Challenging coastal developments
New 'Turtle Guardian' programme
Paid Guardians from communities and volunteers will patrol beaches
They'll bring all eggs to the hatchery, improving the number incubated
They'll also help stop poaching and do research by tagging Hawksbills

Setting up protected areas
Oceans
What are the solutions?
Setting up protected areas
Saving vital species
Working with and
for communities
Better management
Education
Sustainable alternatives
Working with schools
Fish guides for consumers
Including reducing overfishing
Plus phasing out sales of red listed fish
RULES
-You must move to a square 1 step away each round
-Only one person per square

-If you get a question right, you win an egg
-If you get it wrong, you must put any eggs you're carrying down
-If you step on a square with eggs on it, you can pick them up

-If you go to the hatchery, you must leave your eggs there; these eggs are safe for the team
-At the end, any eggs you are holding are yours
-And any eggs in the hatchery are shared among the team
-If you have NOT been to the hatchery, you don't get a share

So you can play high risk and win or lose big, or play for the team!
Poaching, taking of eggs and destruction of habitat are major threats
Sustainable income to supplement fishing
$12
Cost of a headlight for Turtle Guardians on night patrol
(C) Brian J. Skerry / National Geographic Stock / WWF
(C) National Geographic Stock / Steve Winter / WWF
© Brent Stirton / Getty Images / WWF
(C) naturepl.com / Edwin Giesbers / WWF-Canon
(C) x
(C) naturepl.com / Bruce Davidson / WWF-Canon
(C) WWF-Malaysia
(C) naturepl.com / Steven Kazlowski / WWF-Canon
(C) naturepl.com / Steven Kazlowski / WWF-Canon
(C) naturepl.com / Eric Baccega / WWF-Canon
© Bernard De Wetter / WWF-Canon
(C) naturepl.com/ James Aldred / WWF-Canon
(C) Wild Wonders of Europe / Zankl / WWF
(C) Steve Morello / WWF-Canon
Images subject to copyright: credit for external use
Also traded illegally
Rhinos
Poaching has escalated quickly since 2007
Horns moved in 48Hrs; used as cancer cure
Elephants
300 killed in one incident in 2011
African elephants could be gone by 2030
Others
Baby apes, birds, reptiles sold as pets
Which country has the largest market for elephant ivory?
Democratic Republic of Congo,
Nigeria and Thailand also
have large involvement. Most
ivory is poached in Africa and
smuggled into Asia.

The illegal wildlife trade is bigger than ONE of these. Which one?
Drugs Weapons
Counterfeiting Human trafficking
It's the 4th biggest illegal trade after drugs, counterfeiting and human trafficking

How much is the illegal wildlife trade worth each year?
$20 million $200 million
$2 billion $20 billion


The illegal wildlife trade includes animal species and also rare plants and timber

Keep score: win a tiger
Quiz
Who won
the tiger?
Quiz
Replace timber-based stoves with biogas
Rehouse homeless animals
Help communities set up village banks
What does MSC stand for?
Marine Stewardship Council
Co-founded by WWF, seafood
products with the MSC logo
are sourced from sustainable stocks
Maritime Sustainability Certificate
Meteorlogical Studies Commission
Mangrove Stability Committee
How much water does an
average person use per day?
Around 5 litres Around 50 litres
It's not just water to drink;
food production, kitchen and
bathroom appliances and
consumer goods use up water

Around 150 litres Around 500 litres
What is the most common
use of soy?
Soya sauce Meat replacement
6KG of plant protein is needed
to produce 1KG of meat, making meat based diets less
sustainable in current form
Used in medicine Used to feed livestock
How much of the planet is used
for rearing livestock?
But though there's a lot of
evidence to say vegetarianism is more eco friendly, milk, cheese and processed fruit and vegetables also have an impact
0.3% 3% 13% 30%
What product is certified
sustainable by FSC?
Beef
The Forest Stewardship Council has certified 80 million hectares; the size of Pakistan

Timber
Palm oil
Green energy
How much can one mountain
gorilla generate in eco tourist income during it's lifetime?
They're worth a lot more to
the economy alive than
dead!

$4,000 $40,000
$400,000 $4 million
How much of electricity bills would people save by switching applicances off standby?
5% 10% 15% 50%
Sustainability doesn't have to
be expensive; most of the solutions actually save or bring in more money

MSC:
certifies seafood
as sustainable
Pushing for
enforcement of fishing quotas
Training on better
fisheries management
Promoting use of
non-threatened
species
SEAFOOD
Setting up marine
protected areas to
limit developments
Switching J hooks for C
hooks avoids bycatch of
non-target species
Transport
Food
Housing
Economy
Waste
SEAFOOD?
What's the problem with...
TIMBER?
What's the problem with...
ENERGY?
What's the problem with...
CROPS?
Complicated issues...
SIMPLE
SOLUTIONS?
We'll look at some examples
Let's write down some
examples: what's causing this?
Let's write down some
examples: what's causing this?
Let's write down some
examples: what's causing this?
Let's write down some
examples: what's causing this?
Coral triangle
Co-founding and
growing FSC to
certify timber products
Education on
sustainable use
with communities
Challenging road
building to slow
Amazon forest loss
Eco-tourism
TIMBER
Setting up protected
areas of forest
Training on rubber tapping
and rubber factory
to create sustainable
lifestyles
ACRE
Replacing wood
stoves with
biogas reduces
deforestation
Solar panels for
communities save energy and animals
(human-animal conflict)
Promoting
renewable energy
Working with businesses on
their footprint to
create sustainable cities
ENERGY
Pushing for CO2
targets
But it also helps people,
reducing number of
deaths from inhalation
related conditions
INDIA & CHINA
Roundtable for
Sustainable Palm Oil
certifies smallholders
Roundtable for
Responsible Soy
certifies growers
Forest rangers to challenge illegal and unsustainable forest cutting
Stopping illegal land
clearance for cattle ranching (Brazil)
FOOD & CROPS
Pushing brands and
stores to source only
from RSPO suppliers
40% of Indonesian palm
oil is now sustainable
MALAYSIA
& INDONESIA
Giving villagers help to set up local banks so
they can help each
other out rather than
sell out to companies
Working with other local industries to keep them operating long term through sustainable use
Promoting sustainable options for developed economies
Alternative plans which
will earn the same but
damage less (such as
dams in Brazil)
ECONOMY
Working with cotton farmers in Pakistan and Nepal
Sustainability is about sustaining humans as
well as animals
TANZANIA
What's the problem with...
ECONOMY?
Let's write down some
examples: what's causing this?
Fishing communities
Farming communities
Forest communities
Working directly with people on the ground
And helping consumers too
Our seafood
Our paper products
Our water
Our energy
Our crops
We can say we work for...
China India Vietnam USA
Where the money could go
$5
$7
$16
$30
$300
$600
The cost of a days' rations for a forest ranger
Could buy film for an infra-red camera trap
Pays for a sleeping bag or hammock for a ranger
Could buy a first aid kit for a ranger
The price of a tent for a ranger camping out in the forest
The cost of training a new ranger
If fishing continues as it is today, when will we have no more seafood to eat?
2020 2050 2150 2250
Two thirds of fish stocks are fished to their limit or over. 75% of fish populations are at crisis point.

What is bycatch?
Catching too much of a certain species
Catching a species by mistake
Catching two target species at once
Catching less fish than intended
Billions of fish are caught and
thrown back dead because of indiscriminate fishing gear
100 1,000
100,000 100 million
There are around 400 species of
shark, many of which are in sharp
decline, killed for shark fin, meat and
bycatch
How often does a turtle, whale, dolphin or porpoise die of bycatch?
1 every minute 1 every hour
1 every month 1 every week
1,000 die every day through bycatch; that means nobody was even intending to kill them;
bad fishing gear is often to blame

Which of these fish stocks is currently most vulnerable?
Over fishing has led to cod
becoming a vulnerable species;
catch is now down 70% in 30 years and could be gone in 15 years
What percentage of whales get caught in shipping nets at least once in their lives?
Large whales can escape nets, but often with injuries. Depending on the species, it takes whales 9-73 mins to drown if stuck in a fishing net

How many sharks are killed by
humans each year?
Salmon Pollock Hoki Cod
30% 40% 70% 80%
Who won
the turtle?
Quiz
Who'll win a turtle?
Quiz
Better border controls
This affects
key species
Deforestation
How much forest are we losing globally every minute?
3 football pitches 13 football pitches
26 football pitches 36 football pitches
Measuring forest in sizes
people can comprehend is a
good way to show how
serious the problem is

How can we protect forests?
Stop wild cutting
Train communities
on sustainability
Forest monitors in protected areas
Why do people destroy forests?
For roads, which also make poaching easier
For timber
For human settlements
For crops
To rear cattle
For heavy industries like mining
Where the money could go
$5
$10
$15
$30
$40
$70
Film for an infrared camera trap
Could raise one tree in a reforestation project
Putting a forest ranger in the field for a day
Helps with sustainability training for a palm oil farmer
Helps to promote sustainable palm oil to businesses
A camera to map plantations to police correct use
When I think about Sumatra...
A role-playing game
Deforestation
leaves animals
homeless
How much of the world's forests have been lost?
15% 25% 50% 95%
Of the forests that remain, not
only are we still losing a lot,
but 1/3 will also be negatively
impacted by climate change
What products may contain palm oil?
Cosmetics
Chocolate
& sweets
Toiletries
Cereal
Crisps
Biscuits/cookies
Breads
Paints
Pastries
& pies
Ice cream
Pizzas
Cooking oil
It's in between 50-70% of products
Other deforestation-connected products
Noodles
Certify sustainable
palm oil
40% of Indonesian palm oil is now RSPO certified
Images subject to copyright: credit for external use
Quiz
Win an
orang-utan!
How much of the world's CO2
emissions are caused by
deforestation?
5% 20% 40% 60%
Between 15 and 20%. But forests also protect the
environment from climate change by absorbing CO2

How many people are dependent on forests to survive?
1.6million 11.6million
60.6million 1.6billion
For food, medicine, clothing,
shelter. This doesn't include
luxury products, just survival

How much Sumatran orang-utan habitat is lost each year?
Up to 5% Up to 10%
Up to 15% Up to 20%
There are around 7,300 left;
the destruction of rainforest for
oil palm plantations is leaving
them homeless

How much forest has WWF
helped protect worldwide?
8 hectares 800 hectares
80,000 hectares 80 million hectares
That's the size of Pakistan.
180 million hectares are FSC certified

Quiz
Who wins
the orang-utan?
Wood products
Paper products
Coffee
Animal feed (soy)
And that includes people
Certify sustainable timber
FSC products are available around the world
(C) x
Winner gets
a jaguar
Quiz
Who won
the elephant?
Quiz
How many Sumatran tigers are left in the wild?
Around 200 Around 500
Around 2,000 Around 5,000
Worldwide, tiger numbers are
down 95% in the last 100 years,
with just 3,200 remaining.
Sumatran tigers are larger than
the other sub-species

How much habitat have Sumatran elephant lost in the last 25 years?
10% 30% 60% 70%
There are around 2,800 left, but habitat loss is pushing them to the edge quickly. Poaching is less of a threat for Asian elephants

How many people depend on the Amazon for survival?
300 3,000 30,000 30 million
350 indigenous and ethnic groups need the forest for food,
shelter, clothing and medicine

In the Amazon, the total weight of which species outweighs all the others?
Leopards Macaws
Snakes Ants
You can find more species of
ant in one Amazon tree than can
be found in whole European nations
How do we save our seafood?
Pushing for better rules, such as the change in the EU fisheries policy
Training fishing fleets on sustainable practices and avoiding breeding grounds
Working with businesses to switch to 'green' graded species, allowing others to recover
Educating the next generation on seafood management while ensuring they'll have some to eat
10% of global stocks are MSC certified (25,000 seafood products)
Setting up
marine
protected areas
$4
$15
$20
The cost to transport turtle eggs to the hatchery
Hire cost of an education pack for a school, showing
why good fisheries management is important
A day's salary for a Turtle Guardian
$12
Cost of a headlight for Turtle Guardians on night patrol
Solar deterrents
Where the money could go
$5
$10
$15
$30
$40
$70
Film for an infrared camera trap
Could raise one tree in a reforestation project
Putting a forest ranger in the field for a day
Helps with sustainability training for a palm oil farmer
Helps to promote sustainable palm oil to businesses
A camera to map plantations to police correct use
Who won the polar bear?
DIRECTIONS
-Highlight any topics you want to present from the list on the left and drag onto the panda stencil or leave where they are

-Highlight and delete any topics you don't want to use

-Save a copy of the prezi

-You may wish to change some quiz questions or facts to suit your market; facts relating to the country you're in may be stronger
How many new species are found in the Amazon each year?
5 20 50 100
Over 100; 2 brand new species
every week. These aren't just
insects; they include monkeys,
reptiles and birds never before
known to science
Soy farming is one of the reasons for deforestation. What's its main use?
Soy sauce Fake meat
Medicines Animal feed
Animals are fed soy as a cheap
protein in the global meat
industry
For hydropower projects
Which is the biggest?
FOR IMAGE CREDITS / RIGHTS SEE WWF CANON
People's livelihoods depend on it
It's the lungs of the
planet; stabilising
Earth's climate
Its rivers also
provide water
for the region
Amazon region protected areas program to set up new conservation areas
Forest Stewardship Council certified wood; sustainable timber products
Working with the beef
industry to show how forest doesn't need to be destroyed to make pastures
Roundtable for Responsible Soy to certify soy sustainable
Pressuring governments to bring have better planning for dams & roads
Giving forest communities sustainable ways to make a living
Full transcript