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Transcript of medieval japan
housing, family life and education
The houses in Medieval Japan had wooden frames made from grass or bark, the roofs were thatch and they had wooden planks, the floor was dug into pits. Japanese homes remained quite simple through the medieval period.
Education was taught in buddist temples. children were taught the chinese language system. The work they learnt would relate to future jobs in medieval japan so they wernt taught anything they didnt need to know.
They also learn poetry and art,riligion and dance and also military education.
life of the rich and the poor
Being a poor women was hard because of the work of being house maids or cooking. But you had more freedom with choosing your husband compared to the rich. A poor male would work on the farm for work and out in the fields the women would sometimes work, and be paid. If you were skilled musicians or entertainers you were rich because you performed and earned a lot of money, that's the same with poets and novelist.
clothing and food
social structure,roles of women different jobs>
laws, religion, health and hygiene.
if you tried to kill or conspire against the king you would have you head chopped off people had no freedom of speech and arsonists were burned at the stake. cheating wives had their heads shaved and husbands were granted a divorce. if you murder someone you get killed.
for less serois crimes people were sent to labor camps.
samurais were sentenced to seppuka a form of suicide or decapitation by sword.
health and hygiene was important to medieval japan toilets were out far away from main buildings and the seats were made from stone or wood. rotten teeth would be pulled out and a cloth rubbed with burnt rosemary.
they japanese washed their hands before meals and bathed with soap bought back from east Europe. the chutes from the bathroom led to the castle moat.
Japans oldest religion is Shinto Shinto means "way of the gods" this religion is only practised in japan and is based on nature and gods teaches simple rituals to cleanse people and belongings teaches there are spirits everywhere.
Medieval Japan was very rocky and mountainous. It was full of islands and many earthquakes accured becuase Japan lied on the border line of the techtonic paltes. 188 of the islands were volcanoes. The sea was very important as it provided food and protection as Japan is surrounded by sea. Medieval Japan created its own religion and culture since it was so far away from the other parts of Asia.
language spoken and castles
Castels were bilt to protect Medieval Japan and to act like a fortress for protection. Castels in the mountains were called yamashio, castles surrounded by water were called mizuki and castles that were hidden by elevation were called hirayamashiro. The language spoken in Medieval Japan was called "early middle japanese". This was spoken in the Heian priod.
Medieval Japan timeline
Courtesey of troll bobby
In Medieval Japan their life was quite difficult. All their clothes had to be hand made. The dress code was a kimono- it has lots of layers and bright colours. The kimonos were heavy and worn in winter. the material used was mostly silk or materials considered superior to cotton. They used rain coats made of straw and had belts called obis. The fabric was dependent of the social class. sandals called waraj were worn and so were wooden clogs. They also thought shaving ones front of head supposedly made wearing a helmet easier.
The food eaten in japan was rice, eating rice is considered a measure of wealth, potatoes, radishes, cucumbers, plants, nuts, tofu, salt, tea, fruit, seaweed, fish and deer were also foods eaten.
many meats were from the ocean like clams, octopus, mussels, crab, lobster, tuna, ell and squid.
this picture here is a painting from takamatsuka's tomb made in late 7th to early 8th century. It shows the clothes used.
This is a mizuki
castle bilt in1190 which was in the kamakura period.
Japan made it's wealth from the farmers that grew rice, wheat, millet and barley the used better irrigation systems and planted more crops and as more food was produced they sent more out to markets and new villages. Like Europe's hierarchy the ruler was up the top and the rest of of the population below him the ruler was called the emperor the leader was called the shogun the samurai and daimyos were the warrior class the peasants made up 90% of the population and the craftsmen were the second lowest of the hierarchy merchants were the lowest class.
feudal japan was dominated by samurai warrior class even though though only made 10% of the population and daimyo which is a feudal lord or large land owner.
Some roles in medieval japan for women were skilled craftsmen musicians, poets and novelists.
as women they were taught to be inferior to menand that they had little freedom. as a wife your duty was to produce a sonto inherit the land educate your daughters teach your children manners.
the lower on the social class you were as women it meant you had more freedom but less luxuries.
the emperor ruled japan and the shogun was a powerful military general who lead the samurai clan.
a shogun also held power his clan became known as the shogonate.
du maru amour from around 1500's.
medieval japanese clothing
japan medieval clothing
medieval history japan
richard tames, 1995, exploration into japan, belitha press limmited, london 31 newington green
japan history and background
an ancient vier of the sky from tomb in asuka, japan,
medieval japan, http://medievaljapan7.weebly.com/geography.html, 20/6
medieval japan, http://claymoreslinger.com/medieval_japan.asp, 22/6
panela odijk,1989, the micmillan company of australia pty ltd, south melbourne.
japan castles, www.swirk.com.au/, 26/6
japan castles, www.medievalcastles.stormthecastle.com, 27/6