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Philippine Education System
Jayvee Dacumoson 23 September 2012
Transcript of Philippine Education System
System Education "Process of receiving or giving
systematic instruction" Various international agreements
entered into by the Philippines 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights United Nations Millennium Development Goals "The state has a responsibility to
guarantee the people’s right to education" 1987 Philippine Constitution (Article XIV) "Protect & promote the right of all
citizens to quality education”
"Take appropriate steps to make education accessible to all”
“The highest budgetary priority”
shall be assigned to education Basic human right because it is considered one of the fundamental guarantees that enable an individual to live his full potential as human being Educational System
of the Philippines Formal Non- formal Education Education The Philippines Basic education is only 10 years as against 12 in other countries is using a bilingual medium of instruction education system is closely related to the American system of formal education while other countries are influenced by the English, French or Dutch system Compared to other
Asian countries... Structure Includes the first six years of compulsory education Secondary Primary Tertiary "Elementary School" Grades 1-6 "High School" Consists of
4 levels Largely based on the American schooling system as it was until the advent of the comprehensive high schools in the US in the middle of last century Technical and vocational education is offered to enhance students' practical skills at institutions usually accredited and approved by TESDA (Technical Education and Skills Development Authority) Institutions may be government operated, often by provincial government, or private. Goals of the
System To foster patriotism and nationalism To accelerate social progress To promote total human
liberation and development Patriotism is love and devotion to one’s country Nationalism is an attitude characterized by national consciousness of common culture, race, and interests of people who consider themselves one and distinct from others The fulfillment by the State of the constitutional mandate will hasten the attainment of social progress or national growth and development Social progress implies improvement in the quality of one’s life in all its aspects. The individual should be helped that he may develop harmoniously his physical, moral, and intellectual faculties and thereby liberate himself from the shackles of poverty, ignorance, illiteracy, and other social and economic circumstances that hinder the full development of his personality Philippine
Based on Quality There are three perennial problems when it comes to provision of quality education-- teachers, classrooms and textbooks 2010 2012 The education budget comprised no more than 11.35 percent of the entire national budget from 30.78 percent at its peak in 1955 The P738 billion principal and interest debt payments in the 2012 budget are three-folds larger than the P224.9 billion education budget. The results are predictable. Shortages of classrooms, desks, teachers, and textbooks persist in primary and secondary levels while tertiary school students and their families are bearing the burden of paying for the cost
of education Present A Filipino teacher is handling a class of 60 to 70 students in an average of two shifting a day This is way beyond the ideal teacher-student ratio of 1:25 or 1:40 government’s official standard Daily realities in schools are cramped classrooms and makeshift classes in open spaces or gyms Unnecessary noises and commotions not only distract the attention of learners, teachers hardly make the instructions audible In tertiary level, data from Commission on Higher Education itself admits that only 100 from among the 1,831 colleges and universities nationwide have adequate facilities. The performance in licensure exams also shows a low 34% average passing rate. Philippine
on Affordability Various studies on the current student dropout rates shows that 43% would graduate high school Of the 10 pupils entering grade 1, 66% would eventually finish grade six. And only 20% would successfully finished college A major reason for this is
POVERTY The National Statistical Coordination Board (NSCB) pegged the Philippine poverty incidence at 20.9% in 2009 The Social Weather Station (SWS) survey revealed, “some 20.5% percent of Filipinos or about 4.1 million families are going hungry while more Filipinos are considering themselves poor” in April 2011 Though basic education is provided free, essential needs (food, shelter, clothing, transportation and other expenses in schools) made it unaffordable for many Another issue on the accessibility of right is the number and location of schools The Department of Education reported that they have almost covered all municipalities and barangays in the country with 55, 260 primary and secondary schools both public and private Other fundamental causes of these problems are slow economic growth, inadequate government revenues and rapid population growth Corruption and flawed management exacerbate the problem Philippine
on Relevance Education service contracting scheme Five year literacy program Reduction of entrance age Values education framework Parents' education program Educational development projects Study now- pay later plans Family planning Program for decent ralized educational development Iskolar para sa mahirap na pamilya Early childhood care development School first initiative National Secondary Assessment Test
National Elementary Admission Test
National Diagnostic Examination Accelerated Learning Program for Elementary schools Youth Entrepreneurship and
Cooperatives in School Effective and Affordable Secondary Education Non-formal Education Accreditation
and Equivalency Government Assistance to Students and Teachers in Private Education