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Psychology 20

Rachel Jamie

on 3 June 2015

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Transcript of Schizophrenia


Signs and Symptoms
Signs of someone who might have schizophrenia:

-Social withdrawl
-Hostile or suspicous
-Deteration of personal hygiene
-Expressionless gaze
-Inability to cry or display joy
-Inappropriate laughter or crying
-Oversleeping or insomina
-Odd irrational statements
-Can't concentrate or forgetful
-Extreme reaction to criticism
-Strange use of words or way of speaking
Symptoms seen when experiencing schizophrenia:
-disorganized speech
-disorganized behaviour
- "negative" symptoms
If someone has schizophrenia, they may have one or more of the following symptoms:
How Gender and Genetics Affect the Likelihood of Getting Schizophrenia
Schizophrenia can affect both men and women equally. It typically begins early adulthood.
It's quite rare to get this disorder for people under 10 years of age, or over 40 years of age.
Individuals with a parent or sibiling who has this disorder have a 10% chance of developing this disorder.
Relationship Between Schizophrenia and Dysfunctional Behaviours
Roles and Responsiblities to Support Someone Dealing with Schizophrenia
You should have a clear understanding of what this disorder is about and research as much as you can about it.

You have to accept the person for who they are and the difficulties they face. It may be hard but you need to be strong for your loved one.

You can still maintain a sense a humor and find a bright side to it even though it will be tough to.

Try to encourage them while still giving them their independence. Don't treat them like broken glass but be there to help them if needed.

Make home a stress free environment

There are also support groups that have people who are going through the same thing as you.
Schizophrenics have a few personality disorders such as paranoia or schizoid and believing that people around them want to hurt them or become antisocial to try to keep to themselves because they are suffering from "negative" symptoms.

They also have anxiety disorders like phobias of people close to them will inflict pain or hearing voices in their head telling them things that are untrue.

They can also display mood disorders such as depression and lacking emotions. It's sometimes hard for them to talk and find jobs or even take care of themselves.

People believe bi-polar and split personality disorder are the same as schizophrenia but they actually aren't. They may sound similar but actually they have little in common other than the fact that they are grouped by popular media and are disgraced by society.
What is Schizophrenia?

The disorder affects the way a person thinks, acts, and sees the world.
People with schizophrenia have a distorted view of reality, they often have a loss of contact with reality.
They may speak in bizarre or confusing ways, hallucinate things that don’t exist, believe others are trying to control or harm them, like they’re constantly being watched, or believe that someone is controlling their thoughts and mind reading.
They may sit for hours not talking or moving, or seem completely fine until they tell you what is going on in their head.

Why do people get Schizophrenia?
There is no single known cause of schizophrenia although there have been reoccurring trends in studies that suggest a number of contributing factors.
Causes- Age
Most cases appear from late teens to early adulthood though schizophrenia can develop in middle age or older.

Sometimes it is found in young children however the symptoms differ.
Causes- Genetics
It has been found that schizophrenia runs in families and that people who have a close relatives with the disorder are more likely to develop the disorder than people who have no family history with it.

Prenatal difficulties appear to impact the development of schizophrenia such as:

intrauterine starvation viral infections perinatal complications and other stressors

Environmental aspects like exposure to viruses and malnutrition before birth, issues during birth, and other unidentified psychological factors have also been shown to influence the development.
Schizophrenia is a brain disorder that makes it difficult to think clearly, manage emotions, relate to others, function normally, and differentiate between what is real and unreal.
Antipsychotic medications have been available since the mid-1950's.

Physcosocial treatment is available for those who take the medication
Medication can be taken in liquid or pill form, or sometimes shots given every once or twice a month.

Symptoms of agitation and hallucination go away within days. Symptoms of delusions usually go away within a few weeks. After six weeks most people see a lot of improvement.

Not everyone responds to the medications in the same way so different medications will be needed to find the right one.
Psychosocial Treatment
Psychosocial treatments are for patients who are already on medication and stable.

These treatments help them deal with everyday challenges such as communication, self-care, work, and forming and keeping relationships.

Cognitive behavioral therapy and Rehabilitation is available for patients to learn coping mechanisms to address their challenges and be able to socialize and attend work or school.
Society often perceives schizophrenia in the most extreme ways usually due to the wrong portrayal on television and in movies. We usually see these extreme cases because the media wanted their story to be interesting to the viewers.
Media Potrayal
The news and media publicize only the violence occurrences with these affected people but positive non-violent acts and accomplishments of mental health care are rarely reported.

This makes the public associate schizophrenics with violence. In extreme cases, such as crime TV shows, schizophrenia is equated with serial or spree killers.
The Truth?
The majority of people with schizophrenia do not live on the street, they are not confined for years in mental hospitals, and they are not violent. Most people with the disease live with their families, in group homes, or on their own.
Debunking Myths

MYTH: People with schizophrenia can’t be helped.
FACT: While long-term treatment may be required, the outlook for schizophrenia is not hopeless. When treated properly, many people with schizophrenia are able to enjoy life and function within their families and communities.

MYTH: Schizophrenia is a rare condition.

FACT: Schizophrenia is not rare; the lifetime risk of developing schizophrenia is widely accepted to be around 1 in 100.
MYTH: People with schizophrenia are dangerous.
FACT: Although the delusional thoughts and hallucinations of schizophrenia sometimes lead to violent behavior, most people with schizophrenia are neither violent nor a danger to others.
MYTH: Schizophrenia refers to a "split personality" or multiple personalities.
FACT: Multiple personality disorder is a different and much less common disorder than schizophrenia. People with schizophrenia do not have split personalities. Rather, they are “split off” from reality.
How Society Percieves Schizophrenia
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